Vonones II

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Vonones II
Coin of Vonones II, minted at Hamadan.jpg
Coin of Vonones II
"King of Media Atropatene"
"King of kings of Iran"
Reign11– 51 AD (as King of Media Atropatene)
51 AD (As ruler of Parthian Empire)
PredecessorGotarzes II
SuccessorVologases I
Died51 AD
IssueVologases I
Pacorus II
Osroes I
Tiridates I of Armenia
Mithridates IV
DynastyArsacid dynasty
FatherDarius II of Media Atropatene
MotherUnnamed Parthian princess

Vonones II of Parthia (Persian: ونن دوم‎, Greek: Ονωνης,10 BC – 51 AD[1]) was a Parthian prince who served as a King of Media Atropatene and briefly as King of the Parthian Empire.

Vonones II was the second born son of an unnamed Arsacid Parthian princess,[2] related to Vonones I of Parthia, and her husband, Darius II of Media Atropatene.[3][4][5] His known grandparents, on his father's side, were Artavasdes I of Media Atropatene and his wife, Athenais.[6][7] Vonones II's elder brother was the Parthian King Artabanus III.[8] Vonones II was the namesake of his maternal relative Vonones I, as he was born and raised in the Parthian Empire.

From about 11 until 51, Vonones II served as a King of Media Atropatene,[9][10] a period about which little is known.

After the death of his nephew Gotarzes II,[11] Vonones II was raised to the Parthian Kingship in 51. However, he died a few months into his reign, and was succeeded by his son, Vologases I. Tacitus wrote that Vonones II “knew neither success nor failure which have deserved to be remembered to him. It was a short and inglorious reign”.[12]

From a Greek concubine,[13] Vonones II had 5 sons who held the thrones of Parthia and Armenia: Pacorus II, Vologases I, Osroes I, Tiridates I and Mithridates IV. His sons were born and raised during his Kingship of Media Atropatene.



  • Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews, xx, 3, 4.
  • Tacitus, Annals
  • Meyer, Eduard (1911). "Vonones s.v. Vonones II." . In Chisholm, Hugh (ed.). Encyclopædia Britannica. 28 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 211.
  • M. Bunson, A Dictionary of the Roman Empire, Oxford University Press, 1995
  • S. Baldwin, Comments on "Iberian route" DFA line, web, 1996
  • W. Woodthorpe Tarn, The Greeks in Bactria and India, Cambridge University Press, 2010

External links[edit]

Vonones II
Preceded by
Gotarzes II
Great King (Shah) of Parthia
Succeeded by
Vologases I