Coin of Vonones II
|King of Media Atropatene|
|Reign||11 – 51|
|King of the Parthian Empire|
Tiridates I of Armenia
|Father||unnamed Dahae prince|
|Mother||unnamed daughter of Phraates IV|
Vonones was not from the ruling branch of the Arsacid royal family. His father was a Dahae prince, who was most likely descended from the former Arsacid monarch Mithridates II (r. 124–88 BC), whilst his mother was a daughter of the Arsacid King of Kings Phraates IV (r. 37–2 BC). Vonones II's brother was the Parthian King Artabanus II.
After the death of his nephew Gotarzes II, Vonones II became king of the Parthian Empire in 51 AD. However, he died a few months into his reign and was succeeded by his son, Vologases I. Tacitus wrote that Vonones II “knew neither success nor failure which have deserved to be remembered to him. It was a short and inglorious reign”.
- Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews, xx, 3, 4.
- Tacitus, Annals
- Meyer, Eduard (1911). . In Chisholm, Hugh (ed.). Encyclopædia Britannica. 28 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 211.
- M. Bunson, A Dictionary of the Roman Empire, Oxford University Press, 1995
- S. Baldwin, Comments on "Iberian route" DFA line, web, 1996
- W. Woodthorpe Tarn, The Greeks in Bactria and India, Cambridge University Press, 2010
- Olbrycht, Marek Jan (2014). "The Genealogy of Artabanos II (AD 8/9–39/40), King of Parthia": 92–97. Cite journal requires
|journal=(help)CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Olbrycht, Marek Jan (2016). "Dynastic Connections in the Arsacid Empire and the Origins of the House of Sāsān". In Curtis, Vesta Sarkhosh; Pendleton, Elizabeth J.; Alram, Michael; Daryaee, Touraj (eds.). The Parthian and Early Sasanian Empires: Adaptation and Expansion. Oxbow Books. ISBN 9781785702082.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Schippmann, K. (1987). "Azerbaijan iii. Pre-Islamic History". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. III, Fasc. 2. pp. 221–224.
| Great King (Shah) of Parthia