Voodoo Child (Slight Return)
|"Voodoo Child (Slight Return)"|
1970 UK maxi single picture sleeve
|Single by the Jimi Hendrix Experience|
|from the album Electric Ladyland|
|Recorded||May 2, 1968|
|Studio||Record Plant, New York City|
|Experience UK singles chronology|
"Voodoo Child (Slight Return)" is a song recorded by the Jimi Hendrix Experience in 1968 that appears as the final track on the Electric Ladyland album released that year. It contains improvised guitar and a vocal from Jimi Hendrix, backed by Noel Redding on bass and Mitch Mitchell on drums. The song is one of Hendrix's best known; it was a feature of his concert performances throughout his career, and several live renditions were recorded and released on later albums.
After his death in 1970, Track Records released the song as a single in the United Kingdom using the title "Voodoo Chile" (see confusion over title). It became Hendrix's only number one single on the UK Singles Chart, reaching the top position during the week of November 15, 1970. Several artists have performed or recorded versions of the song. Rolling Stone magazine included it at number 102 on their list of the "500 Greatest Songs of All Time".
Origins and recording
"Voodoo Child (Slight Return)" was developed from "Voodoo Chile", recorded May 2, 1968, during a studio jam with Steve Winwood on organ and Jack Casady on bass. The next day, Hendrix returned to the studio with Redding and Mitchell for the filming of a short documentary by ABC television. Noel Redding explained, "We learned that song in the studio ... They had the cameras rolling on us as we played it". Hendrix added,
[S]omeone was filming when we started doing [Voodoo Child]. We did that about three times because they wanted to film us in the studio, to make us—'Make it look like you're recording, boys'—one of them scenes, you know, so, 'OK, let's play this in E, a-one, a-two, a-three', and then we went into 'Voodoo Child'.
According to Hendrix biographer Steven Roby, eight takes of the song were recorded by Hendrix, Redding, and Mitchell, and the final one was chosen as the master, which appeared on Electric Ladyland.
Lyrics and interpretation
Author Charles Shaar Murray examines Hendrix's use of the term "Voodoo Child" in his book Crosstown Traffic:
Voodoo symbolism and reference resound through the country blues, and through the urbanized electric country blues of the Chicago school ... In Hendrix’s case, this is pure metaphor. He certainly was not a Voodoo initiate in any formal sense ... Both with 'Voodoo Chile'—and, most specifically, with the West African even-before-Bo-Diddley beat he percussively scratches from his guitar and wah-wah pedal at the beginning of 'Voodoo Chile (Slight Return)' [sic]—he is announcing as explicitly as possible that he is a man of the blues, and one who honours, respects and understands its deepest and most profound traditions".
Except for the chorus, the lyrics of "Voodoo Child (Slight Return)" are different from "Voodoo Chile":
Well I stand up next to a mountain, and I chop it down with the edge of my hand (2×)
Well I pick up all the pieces and make an island, might even raise just a little sand
'Cause I'm a voodoo child, Lord knows I'm a voodoo child
During a January 1, 1970, performance with the Band of Gypsys, Hendrix introduces the song as the "Black Panthers' national anthem" (included on the album Live at the Fillmore East). At the time, he was being pressured to make a statement about racial issues in the U.S.
"Voodoo Child (Slight Return)" became a staple of Hendrix's concert performances, varying in length from seven to eighteen minutes. Recordings from the Winterland Ballroom, Royal Albert Hall, Woodstock, and the Fillmore East were later released on The Jimi Hendrix Concerts, Hendrix in the West, Woodstock, and Live at the Fillmore East. Many more recordings have also been issued (see List of songs recorded by Jimi Hendrix § Voodoo Child (Slight Return)).
Critical reception and recognition
An AllMusic reviewer described the song as "a perfect example of how Hendrix took the Delta blues form and not only psychedelicized it, but cast an even more powerful spell by delivering the lyric in the voice of a voodoo priest". Also noted is Hendrix's guitar work: "Opening with a simple riff on the wah-wah pedal, the song explodes into full sonic force, the guitarist hitting the crunching chords and taking the astral-inspired leads for which he became infamous. The real guitar explorations happen midway through the song, while the basic, thundering riff is unrelenting".
Joe Satriani said of the song: "It's just the greatest piece of electric guitar work ever recorded. In fact, the whole song could be considered the holy grail of guitar expression and technique. It is a beacon of humanity." Rolling Stone magazine included the song at number 102 on their list of the 500 Greatest Songs of All Time. A variety of musicians have recorded "Voodoo Child (Slight Return)", sometimes as "Voodoo Chile (Slight Return)" or shortened to "Voodoo Child".
|United Kingdom (BPI)||Silver||250,000|
sales+streaming figures based on certification alone
- Sullivan, Denise. "Jimi Hendrix: Voodoo Child (Slight Return) – Song Review". AllMusic. Retrieved June 3, 2014.
- Fowles 2009, p. 98.
- From the Electric Ladyland liner notes (1968 international Polydor edition)
- Rolling Stone (April 7, 2011). "The 500 Greatest Songs of All Time". Rolling Stone.
- "Official [U.K.] Singles Chart Top 50: 15 November 1970–21 November 1970". Official Charts. Retrieved August 3, 2017.
- McDermott, Kramer & Cox 2009, pp. 101–102.
- Henderson 2003, p. 350. sfn error: no target: CITEREFHenderson2003 (help)
- Roby 2002, p. 91: Roby adds that the ABC archives for the documentary are marked "LOST ABC 9/73" and its whereabouts are unknown
- Murray 1991, p. 112: Murray uses the UK spelling "Voodoo Chile (Slight Return)".
- Hendrix 2003, p. 170.
- Murray 1991, p. 93.
- "Jimi Hendrix: Voodoo Child (Slight Return) – Variations". AllMusic. Retrieved June 3, 2014.
- The MusicRadar team (September 18, 2012). "Jimi Hendrix's 11 greatest tracks". MusicRadar. Retrieved July 13, 2017.
- "Voodoo Child – Also performed by". AllMusic. Retrieved June 3, 2014.
- "British single certifications – Jimi Hendrix Experience – Voodoo Child (Slight Return)". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 12 December 2018. Select singles in the Format field. Select Silver in the Certification field. Type Voodoo Child (Slight Return) in the "Search BPI Awards" field and then press Enter.
- Fowles, Paul (2009). Concise History of Rock Music. Mel Bay. ISBN 978-0786666430.
- Henderson, David (1981). 'Scuse Me While I Kiss the Sky: The Life of Jimi Hendrix. Bantam Books. ISBN 0-553-01334-3.
- Hendrix, Janie (2003). Jimi Hendrix: The Lyrics. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Hal Leonard. ISBN 0-634-04930-5.
- McDermott, John; Kramer, Eddie; Cox, Billy (2009). Ultimate Hendrix. New York City: Backbeat Books. ISBN 978-0-87930-938-1.
- Murray, Charles Shaar (1991). Crosstown Traffic. New York City: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0-312-06324-5.
- Roby, Steven (2002). Black Gold: The Lost Archives of Jimi Hendrix. New York City: Billboard Books. ISBN 0-8230-7854-X.
- Shapiro, Harry; Glebbeek, Cesar (1990). Jimi Hendrix: Electric Gypsy. New York City: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 0-312-05861-6.