Voorhout

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Voorhout
Skyline of Voorhout
Coat of arms of Voorhout
Coat of arms
Coordinates: 52°13′23″N 4°29′11″E / 52.22306°N 4.48639°E / 52.22306; 4.48639
Country Netherlands
Province South Holland
Water board Hoogheemraadschap van Rijnland
Municipality Teylingen
Area
 • Total 12.62 km2 (4.87 sq mi)
Population (2017) 15,620
Location of Voorhout
Church: de Sint Bartholomeuskerk
Field with hyacinths

Voorhout (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈvoːrɦʌut] (About this sound listen)) is a town and former municipality in the western Netherlands, in the province of South Holland. The former municipality covered an area of 12.59 km² (4.86 mile²) of which 0.33 km² (0.13 mile²) is covered by water, and had a population of 14,792 in 2004. Together with Sassenheim and Warmond, it became part of the Teylingen municipality on January 1st 2006. Voorhout is located in an area called the "Dune and Bulb Region" (Duin- en Bollenstreek).

It also included the communities of Piet Gijzenbrug (partly) and Teijlingen with the Slot Teylingen.

History[edit]

Historic 1867 map of Voorhout

In 1988 Voorhout celebrated its 1000 years anniversary. A letter, mentioning that Voorhout has existed since at least 988, has been preserved. This letter states that count Dirk II of Holland granted the church of “Foranholte” (the old name of Voorhout) to the Egmond Abbey. The second part of the name –holte or –hout (meaning “wood”) is a reference to the dune area that was supposedly very wooded at the time. Around the edges of the area, settlements arose. Voorhout arose at the front of this forest. The nearby Noordwijkerhout also refers to this forest, just like Holland, which is a degeneration of Holtland, meaning woodland.

Far before 988, people also lived in the area, formed by a habitable shoreline. Some Roman coins, about 2000 years old, have been found. In 1907, close to the Rijnsburgerweg, someone found 18 bronze axes and 1 chisel, about 3500 years old, that now are stored in the Rijksmuseum van Oudheden in Leiden.

Since 1150 the nobles of Teylingen take an important role in the area. In the Slot Teylingen Dutch counts regularly meet. The most important inhabitant of the castle was Jacoba van Beieren. Still Voorhout, for centuries, was just a dot on the map. In 1514 there are 40 houses in Voorhout.

In 1657 the Leidsevaart was dug. It was a canal going from Haarlem to Leiden. Because of this Voorhout started to grow very slowly. In 1842 the train track Haarlem-Leiden was opened and Voorhout got two stops. In 1900 Voorhout has about 2000 inhabitants. Most of them working in the Bulb cultivation. It stays this way until World war 2. After 1944 both train stations in Voorhout get closed for passenger transport and a lot of new roads are constructed.

In 1960 about 5000 people lived in Voorhout and in 1988 that number grew to 9360. The fast growth is caused by the new neighbourhood Oosthout. In 1997 Voorhout gets a train station again. Because of the construction of new houses the population grows even more. On January 1st 2005 Voorhout counts 14,919 inhabitants. In modern time only a small part of the population still works in the bulb cultivation. Most people with a job don’t work in Voorhout. On January 1st 2006 Voorhout fuses with Warmond and Sassenheim to form the new municipality Teylingen.

Famous inhabitants[edit]

Born in Voorhout[edit]

  • Herman Boerhaave (31 December 1668 - 23 September 1738), botanist, humanist and physician of European fame
  • Karlijn Kranenburg, a clay artist known for his contribution to the production of claylike erasers
  • Edwin van der Sar (29 October 1970), football player (goalkeeper)
  • Rob van Dijk (15 January 1969), football player (goalkeeper)

Lived in Voorhout[edit]

  • Jacqueline of Bavaria (Le Quesnoy, 16 July 1401 – Slot Teylingen, 9 October 1436), Countess of Holland, lived for a few years in Slot Teylingen
  • Carlo l'Ami, old football player (goalkeeper) and later goalkeeper's trainer by AFC Ajax, in Amsterdam
  • Job Musters, football player, started his career at FC Foreholte.
  • Joris Schouten (Blokker, 23 September 1926), politician
  • Chiara Tissen (5 March 1964), actress and writer
  • E.M. Uhlenbeck (Den Haag, 9 August 1913 - Voorhout, 27 May 2003), linguist
  • Truus van Aalten (Arnhem, 2 August 1910 - Warmond, 27 June 1999), actress, she ran a souvenir import/export business in Voorhout after 1954, after the Nazis ended her career as a film comedian in Germany
  • Marco van Basten, former football player (Striker) and later a coach at AFC Ajax, SC Heerenveen and AZ Alkmaar
  • Frank van Borssele (1395–1470), Stadholder (Governor) of Holland and Zeeland provinces, Count of Oostervant, fourth husband of Jacoba van Beieren, lived for a few years in Slot Teylingen
  • Edwin van der Sar (29 October 1970), goalkeeper for AFC Ajax, Juventus, Fulham, Manchester United and the National team, started career at VV Foreholte

Sights[edit]

Organisations[edit]

Sport Clubs[edit]

  • VV Foreholte, football club
  • h.v. Foreholte, handball club
  • MHC Voorhout, hockey club
  • SV Voorhout, tennis club
  • TV Voorhout, tennis club
  • De Columbiaan, swimming club
  • Forwodians, basketball club
  • Bacluvo, badminton club
  • Inspiration, majorets and twirl club

Music Organisations[edit]

  • Sint Cecilia, Roman Catholic music organisation

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 52°13′23″N 4°29′11″E / 52.22306°N 4.48639°E / 52.22306; 4.48639