Voronezh Mechanical Plant
|Воронежский механический завод|
|Voronezh Mechanical Plant|
|Founded||Voronezh, Russia (October 1, 1928 )|
|Headquarters||ул. Ворошилова, 22, Voronezh, Russia|
|Ivan Tihonovich Koptev|
|Parent||Khrunichev State Research and Production Space Center|
Voronezh Mechanical Plant started as a diesel engine manufacturing plant, and has been the plant that serially manufactures the engines designed by KBKhA. In the later years, it has branched intro producing oil and gas products like valves, manifold and fittings.
In January 2017, Roscosmos announced that firing tests revealed problems with the Voronezh-produced Proton rocket upper stage engines. According to the investigation, expensive alloys had been replaced by cheaper less heat-resistant alloys. Voronezh director-general Ivan Koptev resigned.
Engines in current production at the plant:
- RD-0110 - Upper stage engine of the Soyuz-U, Soyuz-FG and Soyuz-2.1a
- RD-0110R - Vernier engine of the Soyuz-2.1v first stage.
- RD-0124 - Upper stage engine of the Soyuz-2.1b and Soyuz-2.1v.
- RD-0210 - Proton-M second stage engine.
- RD-0211 - Proton-M second stage engine.
- RD-0213 - Proton-M third stage engine.
- RD-0214 - Proton-M third stage vernier engine.
Engines that are no longer produced at the plant.
- RD-0105 an RP-1/LOX upper stage engine that powered the Luna 8K72 Block-E and was the first engine to achieve escape velocity.
- RD-0107 - Upper stage engine of the Molniya.
- RD-0108 - Upper stage engine of the Voskhod. Human rated version of the RD-0107.
- RD-0109 - An RP-1/LOX upper stage engine that powered the Vostok-K Block-E that was used on launch of Vostok 1 to orbit making Yuri Gagarin the first human to go to outer space and the first to orbit the Earth.
- RD-0120 - An LH2/LOX sustainer engine that powered the Energia Core rocket engine. Roughly equivalent to the SSME.
- RD-0203 - The second staged combustion rocket in the world, and the first hypergolic. Used in first stage of UR-200
- RD-0204 - Slight variation of the RD-0204 with a heat exchanger. Also used in first stage of UR-200.
- RD-0206 - Second stage version of the RD-0203. Used in second stage of UR-200.
- RD-0207 - UR-200 second stage vernier engine.
- RD-0208 - Improved RD-0203. Used on the UR-500 second stage.
- RD-0209 - Improved RD-0204. Used on the UR-500 second stage.
- KBKhA — The rocket engine designer that delegates serial production to this plant.
- Khrunichev State Research and Production Space Center — The corporate parent of both KbKhA and this plant.
- United Rocket and Space Corporation — The government owned corporate entity that will encompass all aerospace corporations in Russia.
- "История" [History] (in Russian). Retrieved 2015-07-20.
- "Russia's Proton Rocket faces extended Grounding due to systemic Engine Problems – Spaceflight101". spaceflight101.com. Retrieved 2017-01-26.
- "Proton grounded by failing quality control". www.russianspaceweb.com. Retrieved 2017-01-26.
- "Roscosmos calls off all Proton-M rocket engines". PravdaReport. Retrieved 2017-01-26.
- "Liquid Rocket Engine". Voronezh Mechanical Plant. Retrieved 2015-07-20.
- "KBKHA LIQUID ROCKET ENGINES, WHICH ENSURED THE SUCCESSFUL REALIZATION OF THE ADVANCED SPACE PROGRAMS (FOR THE FIRST TIME IN THE WORLD)". KBKhA. Retrieved 2015-06-08.