Vortex (Bond and Larkin novel)

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Vortex
LarryBond Vortex.jpg
First edition cover
Author Larry Bond, Patrick Larkin
Cover artist Peter Thorpe (design/illustration)
Country United States
Language English
Genre Thriller, war novel
Publisher Little, Brown and Warner Books
Publication date
June 1991
Media type Print (Paperback)
Pages 909 pp (paperback edition)
ISBN 0-446-51566-3 (first edition, hardback) & ISBN 0-446-36304-9 (Paperback edition)
OCLC 23286496
813/.54 20
LC Class PS3552.O59725 V6 1991

Vortex is a 1991 war novel by Larry Bond and Patrick Larkin. Set during the final years of apartheid in South Africa, Vortex follows the assassination of a reformist National Party president and his cabinet by the African National Congress, as well as a subsequent seizure of power by far-right Afrikaners. The plot unfolds through a series of intertwining accounts narrated through several characters. It was a commercial success, receiving generally positive reviews.

A Vortex audiobook, presented by David Purdham, was released via Simon Schuster Audio in August 1991.

Setting[edit]

Vortex is initially set during bilateral negotiations to end apartheid in South Africa during the early 1990s. Despite conservative opposition, the ruling National Party and newly elected State President Frederick Haymans secretly discuss options for reform with the African National Congress (ANC). However, beneath the surface tensions remain high, with both parties facing immense pressure from their radical wings and internal resistance to apartheid escalating. The National Party is unwilling to consider a universal franchise, which forms the crux of the ANC's demands, while for its part the ANC refuses to cease planning guerrilla operations.

Plot[edit]

Despite strict instructions to avoid provoking unnecessary confrontations with the ANC's armed wing, Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK), Karl Vorster, the South African Minister of Law and Order, authorises a raid by the 44 Parachute Brigade on suspected MK bases in Zimbabwe. Vorster—a hardline conservative and secret Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging sympathiser—is roundly criticised by President Haymans and his reformist Cabinet for his actions. However, the paratroopers succeed in recovering valuable intelligence on "Broken Covenant", a proposed MK operation to assassinate Haymans as he travels to Pretoria from Cape Town aboard the Blue Train for the parliament's summer recess. This incident comes at a time when negotiations between Haymans and the ANC are approaching a major breakthrough, so MK decides to abort the attack.

Sensing an opportunity to seize power himself with the current leadership eliminated, Vorster excuses himself from the Blue Train and eliminates the ANC courier assigned to transmit the abort signal to MK forces. The oblivious guerrillas carry out the attack as planned, killing Haymans and his entire Cabinet. A triumphant Vorster then assumes the presidency and declares a state of emergency, giving the security forces free rein to crack down on anti-apartheid movements. Diplomatic relations with the rest of the world quickly sours, and thousands of those suspected of being affiliated with the ANC are executed or moved to remote internment facilities. Vorster also orders the South African Defence Force (SADF) to invade newly independent Namibia under the pretext of targeting MK training camps. At the behest of the Namibian government, thousands of Cuban troops redeploy from their bases in Angola to halt the SADF's offensive south of Windhoek. This leads to a prolonged war of attrition, with neither side being able to gain the upper hand.

Meanwhile, conditions in South Africa begin to worsen due to Vorster's heavy-handed attempts at silencing domestic opposition. His use of lethal force against white dissenters and other Afrikaners in particular leads to militant secessionist movements in the Transvaal and Orange Free State. The fledgling regime also alienates the Inkatha Freedom Party and nominally independent KwaZulu, which results in a violent insurgency waged by Zulu radicals across Natal and an urban insurrection in Durban. SADF units in Cape Town also mutiny and intervene to protect civilians after several mass killings.

Taking note of these internal conflicts, General Antonio Vega, commander of the Cuban military contingent in Namibia, proposes an invasion of South Africa itself. Bolstered by new shipments of Soviet arms, and troops from several other socialist African nations such as Libya, Vega duly sends three tactical battle groups into the Transvaal. Having concentrated on the potential of a future Cuban attack on the Namibian front, South African intelligence agencies are taken by surprise. The SADF is also slow to mount an effective resistance due to its preoccupation with various revolts and the fact that a disproportionate amount of manpower and supplies are already committed to a major operation in Namibia.

As General Vega's forces advance eastwards towards Johannesburg, Vorster orders the deployment of South Africa's nuclear arsenal to save the city. A South African Mirage F1CZ drops a nuclear weapon on Vega's third tactical group, killing about three thousand Cuban and Libyan soldiers. The invasion force retaliates by bombarding SADF defenders with sarin gas at Potgietersrus; appalled by the carnage affecting innocent civilians, the ANC—which had previously embraced the Cubans as liberators—breaks off its alliance with Vega. Havana then authorises the use of human shields to discourage further South African nuclear strikes.

The war in South Africa triggers a global market crisis as the price of precious metals spiral upwards. Remaining Western support for Vorster's government evaporates shortly after an American journalist, Ian Sherfield, leaks the truth about Broken Covenant to the international press. The United States and United Kingdom subsequently undertake direct military intervention in South Africa to depose Vorster and prevent Cuba or the Soviet Union from gaining control over the country's valuable mineral resources. United States Army Rangers launch an airborne assault on the Pelindaba with the intention of capturing all remaining South African nuclear weapons, while other allied forces make amphibious landings in Cape Town and Durban. When Vorster threatens to irradiate the mines on the Witwatersrand with nuclear waste material, American, British, and mutinous South African forces attack the Union Buildings and arrest him before the order can be given.

The remaining Cuban tactical groups are halted by American air strikes just short of Pretoria; conceding defeat, Vega begins withdrawing his troops from the country. During the retreat, he and most of his general staff are killed by a disgruntled MK cadre. Because Vega sold them on an ultimate communist victory in South Africa, a humiliated Soviet leadership vows never to be involved in the continent again. Apartheid is formally abolished in the months after the fall of Vorster's government and a conglomerate of various political parties are brought to the table for establishing a multiracial federal republic with Johannesburg as its new capital. Vorster himself is later meted life imprisonment for his crimes.

Characters[edit]

South Africans[edit]

  • Frederick Haymans – State President of South Africa
  • General Adriaan de Wet – Chief of the South African Defence Force
  • Karl Vorster – Minister for Internal Security, and later State President
  • Marius van der Heijden/Merwe – Deputy Minister for Law and Order
  • Fredrik Pienaar – Minister of Information
  • Erik Muller – head of special operations division, Directorate of Military Intelligence
  • Emily van der Heijden/Merwe – Marius van der Heijden's daughter and journalist for The Johannesburg Star; later revealed to be Kruger's ex-fiancee.
  • Commandant Henrik Kruger – Commanding officer, 20th Cape Rifles Battalion
  • Captain Rolf Bekker, SADF – Company commander, 2 Battalion, 44th Parachute Regiment
  • Matthew SibenaXhosa driver and Johannesburg police informant; later works for Sherfield as his cameraman
  • Gideon Mantizima – Chief Minister of KwaZulu homeland

Americans[edit]

  • Major General Samuel Webber – Commanding officer, 24th Mechanized Infantry Division
  • Brigadier General George Skiles – Chief of staff, Allied South Africa Expeditionary Force
  • LTC Mike Carrerra – Commanding officer, Alpha Company, 1st Ranger Battalion
  • James Forrester – US Vice-President
  • Ian Sherfield – Network journalist, assigned to Johannesburg
  • Sam Knowles – Sherfield's cameraman and technical assistant

Cubans[edit]

Reception[edit]

The novel earned positive reviews. Kirkus Reviews stated that the book will satisfy readers disappointed by the quick resolution of the Persian Gulf War's Operation Desert Storm. It noted that the political scenes were "broad-brushed" compared to the battle scenes.[1]

Publishers Weekly said the novel is an "extrapolation" of South Africa's political climate at the time it was published. The U.S. deployment into South Africa was highlighted as a potential example of future operations in locations it is not familiar with.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bond, Larry (1991-06-03). "VORTEX by Larry Bond". Kirkus Reviews. Retrieved 2016-09-25. 
  2. ^ "Fiction Book Review: Vortex by Larry Bond, Author Warner Books Inc $21.95 (670p) ISBN 978-0-446-51566-5". Publishersweekly.com. 1991-06-03. Retrieved 2016-09-25.