Vortex coronagraph

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Direct image of exoplanets around the star HR8799 using a vortex coronograph on a 1.5m portion of the Hale telescope

A vortex coronagraph is a type of optical instrument which enables the imaging of very faint objects near very bright objects that would normally be obscured by glare. For example, extrasolar planets near their host star as seen from Earth or space telescopes in Earth's solar system. It is a type of coronagraph.

In 2005 a paper described a method for astronomy, by which the light of a parent start could be blocked, while keeping the light from nearby but dimmer exoplanets (or whatever the companion is).[1]

Up until the year 2010, telescopes could only directly image exoplanets under exceptional circumstances. Specifically, it is easier to obtain images when the planet is especially large (considerably larger than Jupiter), widely separated from its parent star, and hot so that it emits intense infrared radiation. However, in 2010 a team from NASAs Jet Propulsion Laboratory demonstrated that a vortex coronagraph could enable small telescopes to directly image planets.[2] They did this by imaging the previously imaged HR 8799 planets using just a 1.5 m portion of the 5 meter Hale Telescope.

Vortex coronographs have been used in conjunction with adaptive optics for astronomy.[3]

A vortex coronograph was used on the Keck Observatory by 2017.[4] The VC was installed on infrared camera at Keck, and allowed bodies to be view 2-3 times closer to a parent star then before.[5] HIP 79124 B was imaged at a distance of 23 times from its host start with a vortex coronograph on the Keck telescope, and it was called a brown dwarf.[6]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ Foo, Gregory; Palacios, David M.; Swartzlander, Grover A. (2005-12-15). "Optical vortex coronagraph". Optics Letters. 30 (24). doi:10.1364/OL.30.003308. ISSN 1539-4794. 
  2. ^ New method could image Earth-like planets
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ "New Planet Imager Delivers First Science". NASA/JPL. Retrieved 2017-02-15. 
  5. ^ "New Planet Imager Delivers First Science". NASA/JPL. Retrieved 2017-02-15. 
  6. ^ "New Planet Imager Delivers First Science". NASA/JPL. Retrieved 2017-02-15. 

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