Voter ID (India)
|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
The Indian voter ID card is an identity document issued by the Election Commission of India to adult domiciles of India who have reached the age of 18, which primarily serves as an identity proof for Indian citizens while casting their ballot in the country's municipal, state, and national elections. It also serves as general identity, address, and age proof for other purposes such as buying a mobile phone SIM card or applying for a passport. It also serves as a Travel Document to travel to Nepal and Bhutan by Land or Air  It is also known as Electoral Photo Identity Card (EPIC). It was first introduced in 1993 during the tenure of the Chief Election Commissioner TN Seshan.
Initially, voter IDs were printed with black ink on regular paper and laminated. Starting in 2015, the Indian government started rolling out a less perishable PVC colour version, compliant with the ISO/IEC 7810 size standard used by most payment and ATM cards.
On the front, the Elector Photo Identity Card contains the voter's name, the name of a relative they have chosen (such as their father or mother), and the voter's picture, along with the voter's ID number. On the back of the card, the voter's home address is printed, along with an image of their Electoral Registration Officer's signature. The back also mentions the voter's electoral district and their assembly constituency. The newer series also contains a 'part number', which lets voters and election officials locate voters on their electoral roll.
Obtaining voter card
The voter card is issued to all Indian citizens who have attained the age of 18 years and qualify to be a voter. One has to apply on prescribed Form-6 of Election Commission attached with proof of ID, Indian nationality, age and residence.
Those of "unsound mind", convicted of "corrupt practices", or offenses related to elections are ineligible to vote.
Applicants have to submit paper Form-6 to their municipal corporation / cantonment board of the area.
Fake and defunct voter cards
If a person moves his/ her residence to another assembly constituency then he does not remain a valid voter of previous constituency. The person has to register afresh as voter in the new assembly constituency. Hence a new card is issued to him/her and the old card becomes invalid.
- "Indian Passengers". boi.gov.in.
- "Election Commission of India". Eci.nic.in. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- New Delhi, PTI. "New hard plastic voter identity card on the anvil". The Hindu Business Line. The Hindu Group of Companies. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
- Singh, B.K. "e-Tender Notice for engaging reputed service provider firm/company/agency for printing and supply of personalized PVC EPIC Cards" (PDF). Chief Electoral Officer, Delhi. OFFICE OF THE CHIEF ELECTORAL OFFICER, DELHI. Retrieved 23 April 2019.
- "Epic Card". Bangaloreone.gov.in. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- "Apply online, get your voter ID in a month - The Times of India". Timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 16 July 2011. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- "A Step By Step Procedure To Apply For Voter ID Card". 28 December 2014.
- "Chief Electoral Officer, Kerala". Ceo.kerala.gov.in. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- "Fake voter ID card for just Rs 200 - The Times of India". Timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- "ACP to face trial in fake voter ID case as court rejects plea - The Times of India". Timesofindia.indiatimes.com. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- "Fake voter ID card racket busted". The Hindu. 21 August 2011. Retrieved 26 February 2015.