Vow of silence
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A vow of silence is a vow, usually a religious or a spiritual practice taken in a monastic context, to maintain silence. Known as Mauna in Hinduism, Jainism, and Buddhism, the practice is also integral to some Christian traditions.
Pythagoras imposed a strict rule of silence on his disciples.
Religious orders such as the Benedictines have insisted on this as one of the essential rules of their institutes.
In monasteries of many orders there are specific places and times (usually at night) where speaking was more strictly prohibited. These places were termed "Regular Places" (church, refectory, dormitory etc.) and while the times were termed the "Great Silence". Outside of these places and times were accorded "recreations" allowing some conversation moderated by charity and moderation. Useless and idle words were universally forbidden. In active orders the members speak according to the needs of their various duties.
The Cistercian Order alone admits no relaxation from the strict rule of silence,[dubious ] and the Reformed Cistercians maintain its severity (Trappists) though other contemplative Orders (Carthusians, Carmelites, Camaldolese etc.) are much more strict on this point than those engaged in active works. In order to avoid speaking, many orders (Cistercians, Dominicans, Discalced Carmelites etc.) have a certain number of signs, by means of which the religious may have a limited communication with each other for the necessities that are unavoidable.
Another vow of silence can be made to express a bold statement. This type may be to speak up controversial issues such as child poverty. An example of this, is The November 30th Vow of Silence for Free The Children in which students in Canada take a 24-hour vow of silence to speak up against poverty and child labour.
In pop culture
The 2017 television show, "The Good Place" featured Jianyu, a buddhist monk, taking a vow of silence
In the book "The Wind-Up Bird Chronicle" (ねじまき鳥クロニクル Nejimakitori Kuronikuru) perhaps the character Cinnamon Akasaka has taken a vow of silence.
- Day of Silence
- Meditation, often silent (but sometimes a mantra is involved) & often originally religious
- Minute of Silence
- Moment of Silence
- Remembrance Day
- Silence procedure