Vox (Spanish political party)

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Vox
President Santiago Abascal
Secretary-General Javier Ortega Smith-Molina
Founded 17 December 2013
Split from People's Party
Membership (2018) 9,000[1]
Ideology Centralism[2]
Spanish nationalism
Right-wing populism
Post-Francoism [3]
Social conservatism
Economic liberalism
National conservatism
Soft Euroscepticism[4]
Anti-Islam[5]
Monarchism[6]
Political position Right-wing[7][8][9] to[10] Far-right[11][12][13][14][15][16][17]
European affiliation None
Colours Green
Town councillors
22 / 67,611
Mayors in Spain
2 / 8,122
Website
www.voxespana.es

Vox (often stylized as VOX) is a right-wing to far-right[18][19][20][21][22][23] political party in Spain founded on 13 December 2013, by former members of the People's Party (PP).

History[edit]

It was founded on 17 December 2013,[24] and publicly launched at a press conference in Madrid on 16 January 2014.[25][26] The reasons for this schism seem to be the way the incumbent PP government dealt with the issue of the violence of separatist group ETA, the fiscal policy of the PP and the desire for a more centralized government in contrast to the current, quasi-federal political system ("State of Autonomies") instituted in 1978. Vox opposes Basque and Catalan separatism in general.[26] VOX have labelled themselves as a right-wing and Christian democratic party. The first provisional chairman was the philosopher José Luis González Quirós (provisional until the party's internal election in late 2014). Other members are Santiago Abascal, Iván Espinosa de los Monteros and José Antonio Ortega Lara (well known for having been kidnapped by ETA for more than a year).

Vox ran for the first time in the 2014 European elections but narrowly failed to win a seat in the European Parliament,[27] in part due to the head of the electoral list, Alejo Vidal-Quadras a former PP MEP who has since left the party.

Vox takes a pro-life stance on abortion and also opposes same-sex marriage. Starting with a focus in economically liberal stances and recentralization proposals, the focus of their message shifted towards stances compatible with European right-wing populism,[28] endorsing anti-Islam and anti mass-immigration discourses as well as criticism of multiculturalism.[28] Their view of European Union is that of a soft euroscepticism, as for Vox Spain should not give its sovereignty to the EU, because sovereignty resides in the nation.[29] However, they propose to remove Spain's autonomous communities, negating any kind of sovereignty to other nationalities and regional identities in Spain.[29]

In September 2014, the party elected Santiago Abascal, one of the founders, as new president, and Iván Espinosa de los Monteros, also a founder, as secretary general. Eleven other members of the Comité Ejecutivo Nacional were elected, most without previous political activities as they have a background of business people and scholars.

As of 2017 Vox remains a marginal political actor in Spain.[20][30] In the fall of 2017 the number of members increased 20% in forty days as a consequence of the terrorist attack in Barcelona and the Catalan independence process.[21]

After the Catalan referendum of 2017 and the start of a Spanish constitutional crisis, Vox opted to not participate in the Catalan regional elections of 2017.[31]

Results of Vox (2014 European elections in Spain)

Electoral performance[edit]

Congress of Deputies[edit]

Congress of Deputies
Election Seats Vote % Status Leader
2015
0 / 350
58,114 (#15) 0.23 N/A Santiago Abascal
2016
0 / 350
47,182 (#13) 0.20 N/A Santiago Abascal

Senate[edit]

Senate
Election Seats Leader
2015
0 / 208
Santiago Abascal
2016
0 / 208
Santiago Abascal

European Parliament[edit]

European Parliament
Election Seats Vote %
2014
0 / 54
246,833 (#11) 1.57

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.elconfidencial.com/espana/2018-07-28/de-cataluna-a-ceuta-vox-pide-un-muro-de-hormigon-y-sus-afiliaciones-se-disparan_1598560/?utm_source=eldebate&utm_medium=referral&utm_campaign=eldebate De Cataluña a Ceuta: Vox pide un muro de hormigón y sus afiliaciones se disparan]; El Confidencial (in Spanish). 28 July 2018.
  2. ^ La Sexta (14 February 2014). "VOX, el partido a la derecha del PP que se come el voto ultra". lasexta.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 15 January 2018. La ideología de VOX tiene una línea conservadora clara: centralismo a ultranza y no a los nacionalismos 
  3. ^ [ https://www.politico.eu/article/spain-politics-far-right-podemos-rajoy-pp-populism-vox/
  4. ^ Cádiz, Covadonga y Bruselas, Libertad Digital
  5. ^ Los musulmanes de España entre dos fuegos: el yihadismo y la extrema derecha xenófoba, El Confidencial
  6. ^ http://www.typicallyspanish.com/news-spain/national/VOX_-_A_new_political_party_an_offshoot_of_the_PP.shtml
  7. ^ Here’s how bad economically a Spain-Catalonia split could really be. CNBC, 04/05/2018.
  8. ^ Spain’s new PP leader seeks to move the party ‘back to its roots’. The Olive Press, 25/08/2018.
  9. ^ Luppicini & Baarda 2017, p. 208: "He continued the jibing, announcing that several members of 'Popular Party' will be integrated back into political life through the new right wing Christian 'Popular Party', a breakaway party 'VOX' ('Voice') and the anti-separatist UPyD"
  10. ^ Will Bannonism Play in Spain?. Slate, 02/07/2018.
  11. ^ "Hay un gran espacio a la derecha del PP, pero nadie ha sabido aún cómo ocuparlo". El Confidencial, 29/07/2017.
  12. ^ Vox: la ultraderecha irrelevante en las urnas agita los juzgados. eldiario.es, 17/12/2017.
  13. ^ La afiliación al partido ultraderechista VOX aumenta un 20% en 40 días. Público, 02/10/2017.
  14. ^ Sin espacio en España para la nueva derecha populista. El Mundo, 26/12/2017.
  15. ^ Spain's far-right gains visibility in Catalonia crisis. AFP, 2017.
  16. ^ Spain proves sterile ground for far-right parties. Deutsche Welle, 31/05/2017.
  17. ^ Spain: No country for old fascists. Politico Europe, 26/12/2016.
  18. ^ González - Enríquez, Carmen (14 February 2017). "The Spanish Exception: Unemployment, inequality and immigration, but no right-wing populist parties" (PDF). elcano Royal Institute: 31,34–34 – via elcano. The extreme right was disconcerted by ransition to democracy and unable to react: soon it was divided into several groups, each of them claiming to be the true heirs of Falange Española, losing a common leadership. They gradually lost the voters they had gathered in 1979, who fled towards the Alianza Popular or abstention, and they have not gained near 1 per cent of the vote in parliamentary elections since. During the two last decades they have not even reached 0.5 per cent in those elections. Their most salient success was the 2 per cent of all votes obtained in the 2014 European elections by a new party, Vox, led by a former Partido Popular leader, who almost managed to obtain a seat. But this same party won less than 0.3 per cent in the 2015 and 2016 parliamentary elections (figure 20). 
  19. ^ "Spain's far-right gains visibility in Catalonia crisis". 2017-10-15. Retrieved 2018-05-29. 
  20. ^ a b "Vox: la ultraderecha irrelevante en las urnas agita los juzgados". eldiario.es (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-04-18. 
  21. ^ a b "La afiliación al partido ultraderechista VOX aumenta un 20% en 40 días" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-04-18. 
  22. ^ "Spain: No country for old fascists". POLITICO. 2016-12-26. Retrieved 2018-05-29. 
  23. ^ (www.dw.com), Deutsche Welle. "Spain proves sterile ground for far-right parties | DW | 31.05.2017". DW.COM. Retrieved 2018-05-29. 
  24. ^ "VOX es un partido político con personalidad jurídica propia e inscrito en el Registro de partidos políticos del Ministerio del Interior el día 17 Diciembre de 2013" - VOX
  25. ^ "Nace Vox, el partido político de Santiago Abascal y Ortega Lara". Libertad Digital. 14 January 2014. Retrieved 16 March 2014. 
  26. ^ a b O'Leary, Elisabeth. "Spanish ruling party rebels launch new conservative party". U.S. Retrieved 2018-04-18. 
  27. ^ Tristeza y decepción en Vox tras los resultados de las Elecciones Europeas in libertaddigital.com (in Spanish)
  28. ^ a b Casals, Xavier (21 April 2015). "Vox y su campaña contra la inmigración masiva". ElManifiesto.com. 
  29. ^ a b Abascal, Santiago (2015-11-08). "Cádiz, Covadonga y Bruselas". Libertad Digital (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-07-21. Porque estamos convencidos de que nación y soberanía son conceptos íntimamente relacionados. Si somos soberanos es porque somos una Nación y no tenemos derecho a entregar lo que hemos recibido de nuestros mayores. España debe estar en Europa pero sin complejos, reivindicando el papel histórico, industrial y agrícola que merecemos. No debemos ser vasallos de Merkel ni de Tsipras. Ni camareros de Merkel ni paganos de las propinas de Tsipras. Las Cortes de Cádiz proclamaron que la Nación española era libre e independiente y que no podía ser patrimonio de ninguna familia o persona. Proclamaron asimismo que la soberanía reside esencialmente en la Nación, que es la única que tiene derecho a establecer sus leyes fundamentales. Esta declaración de soberanía ha sido una constante en toda nuestra historia constitucional. 
  30. ^ "Arrest of Catalan Leader Tests Spain, Separatists and E.U." The New York Times. 2018-03-27. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2018-04-18. 
  31. ^ Paradinas, Marcos (2017-11-03). "VOX: "El 21D es fruto de un pacto oculto entre Rajoy y los golpistas"". elplural.com (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-04-18. 

Bibliography[edit]