Vozhegodsky District

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Vozhegodsky District
Вожегодский район (Russian)
Location of Vozhegodsky District (Vologda Oblast).svg
Location of Vozhegodsky District in Vologda Oblast
Coordinates: 60°44′N 42°03′E / 60.733°N 42.050°E / 60.733; 42.050Coordinates: 60°44′N 42°03′E / 60.733°N 42.050°E / 60.733; 42.050
Coat of Arms of Vozhegodskyj rayon (Vologda oblast).png
Flag of Vozhegorskyj rayon (Vologda oblast).png
Coat of arms of Vozhegodsky District
Flag of Vozhegodsky District
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Vologda Oblast[1]
Administrative structure (as of June 2012)
Administrative center work settlement of Vozhega[2]
Administrative divisions:[2]
Urban-type settlements 1
Selsoviets 15
Inhabited localities:[2]
Urban-type settlements[3] 1
Rural localities 308
Municipal structure (as of June 2015)
Municipally incorporated as Vozhegodsky Municipal District[4]
Municipal divisions:[4]
Urban settlements 1
Rural settlements 7
Statistics
Area 5,500 km2 (2,100 sq mi)[5]
Population (2010 Census) 16,790 inhabitants[6]
• Urban 40.1%
• Rural 59.9%
Density 3.05/km2 (7.9/sq mi)[7]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[8]
Established July 15, 1929[9]
Official website
Vozhegodsky District on WikiCommons

Vozhegodsky District (Russian: Вожего́дский райо́н) is an administrative[1] and municipal[4] district (raion), one of the twenty-six in Vologda Oblast, Russia. It is located in the north of the oblast and borders with Konoshsky District of Arkhangelsk Oblast in the north, Verkhovazhsky District in the east, Syamzhensky District in the southeast, Kharovsky District in the south, Ust-Kubinsky District in the southwest, and with Kirillovsky District in the west. The area of the district is 5,500 square kilometers (2,100 sq mi).[5] Its administrative center is the urban locality (a work settlement) of Vozhega.[2] Population: 16,790 (2010 Census);[6] 18,976 (2002 Census);[10] 22,470 (1989 Census).[11] The population of Vozhega accounts for 40.1% of the district's total population.[6]

Geography[edit]

The area of the district is elongated from west to east and shared between three major drainage basins. The west border of the district is drawn across Lake Vozhe which belongs to the basin of the Onega River. The western and northwestern parts of the district are a part of Lake Vozhe's basin. The main tributary of the lake, the Vozhega River, has its entire course within the district. The central and eastern parts of the district belong to the basin of the Kubena River and its tributaries. The Kubena has its source in Arkhangelsk Oblast and flows south, crossing Vozhegodsky District from north to south. It has its mouth in Lake Kubenskoye and belongs to the basin of the Sukhona River. Minor areas in the southwest and the south of the district lie in the basin of the tributaries of the Kubena and of the Uftyuga River, which also flows into Lake Kubenskoye. Finally, rivers in some areas in the east of the district flow and drain east into the basin of the Vaga. In particular, one of the main left tributaries of the Vaga, the Pezhma, has its source located in the district. The whole area of the district belongs to the White Sea basin.

Woods occupy 78% of the district's territory. There are three designated protected areas of local significance: the zakazniks Maryinsky Bor and Tsaryov Bor, as well as the Northern Orchids Natural Monument.[12]

Much of the area of the district is covered by swamps. The biggest one is the Charonda Swamp southeast of Lake Vozhe (shared also with Ust-Kubensky and Kirillovsky Districts).

History[edit]

The area was originally populated by the Finno-Ugric peoples and then colonized by the Novgorod Republic. After the fall of Novgorod, the area became a part of the Grand Duchy of Moscow. In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, the area was split between Ingermanland Governorate (known from 1710 as Saint Petersburg Governorate), and from 1727, separate Novgorod Governorate (west) and Archangelgorod Governorate (east). In 1780, Archangelogorod Governorate was abolished and transformed into Vologda Viceroyalty, and in 1796 the latter was split into Arkhangelsk and Vologda Governorates. What is now Vozhegodsky District was then split between Kirillovsky Uyezd of Novgorod Governorate (west) and Kadnikovsky Uyezd of Vologda Governorate (east).

The area was sparsely populated until the end of the 19th century, due to its remote location from all the trade routes connecting Northern Russia with the White Sea. In 1894, the construction of the railway line between Vologda and Arkhangelsk started. The railway was planned to run over the shortest route rather than pass through existing settlements, and it was eventually built through the present area of the district. Vozhega was founded in 1895 as a railway station.

In 1918, five uyezds of Novgorod Governorate, including Kirillovsky Uyezd, were split off to form Cherepovets Governorate. In 1919, northwestern parts of Kirillovsky Uyezd were transferred to Kadnikovsky Uyezd of Vologda Governorate and Kargopolsky Uyezd of Olonets Governorate. The current territory of Vozhegodsky District was at this point in Kadnikovsky Uyezd.[13]

On July 15, 1929, the uyezds were abolished, the governorates merged into Northern Krai, and Vozhegodsky District was established among others. It became a part of Vologda Okrug of Northern Krai.[9] In the following years, the first-level administrative division of Russia kept changing. In 1936, the krai was transformed into Northern Oblast, which in turn was split into Arkhangelsk Oblast and Vologda Oblast in 1937. Vozhegodsky District remained in Vologda Oblast ever since.

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

Timber industry and food industry are present in the district.

Agriculture[edit]

There are fifteen farms in the district which breed cattle, produce meat and milk, and grow crops, mostly to feed cattle.[14]

Transportation[edit]

The railroad connecting Vologda and Arkhangelsk crosses the district from south to north. In particular, there is a railway station in Vozhega.

Paved roads connect Vozhega with Konosha (there is an unpaved stretch) in the north and Syamzha via Kharovsk in the south, connecting the district to the main road network. There are also local roads and local bus traffic originating from Vozhega.

Culture and recreation[edit]

The district contains seventy objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local significance.[15] Most of these are wooden farms and chapels built prior to 1917.

The only state museum in the district is the Vozhega Regional Museum, located in the settlement of Vozhega.[16]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Law #371-OZ
  2. ^ a b c Resolution #178
  3. ^ The count of urban-type settlements may include the work settlements, the resort settlements, the suburban (dacha) settlements, as well as urban-type settlements proper.
  4. ^ a b c Law #1111-OZ
  5. ^ a b Паспорт Вожегодского муниципального района (in Russian). Администрация Вожегодского муниципального района. Retrieved October 12, 2011. 
  6. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  7. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value is only approximate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  8. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  9. ^ a b Справка об изменениях административно-территориального устройства и сети партийных и комсомольских органов на территории Вологодской области (1917-1991) (in Russian). Архивы России. Retrieved October 10, 2011. 
  10. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  11. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  12. ^ Природные ресурсы (in Russian). Администрация Вожегодского муниципального района. Retrieved October 12, 2011. 
  13. ^ Саблин, Василий Анатольевич. История формирования территории и административных изменений Вологодской области (in Russian). booksite.ru. Retrieved November 9, 2011. 
  14. ^ Сельское хозяйство (in Russian). Администрация Вожегодского муниципального района. Retrieved October 12, 2011. 
  15. ^ Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved 2 June 2016. 
  16. ^ Вожегодский районный краеведческий музей (in Russian). Российская сеть культурного наследия. Retrieved October 12, 2011. 

Sources[edit]

  • Законодательное Собрание Вологодской области. Закон №371-ОЗ от 4 июня 1999 г. «О вопросах административно-территориального устройства Вологодской области», в ред. Закона №2916-ОЗ от 7 декабря 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон области "О вопросах административно-территориального устройства Вологодской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №124–125, 29 июля 1999 г. (Legislative Assembly of Vologda Oblast. Law #371-OZ of June 4, 1999 On the Matters of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Vologda Oblast, as amended by the Law #2916-OZ of December 7, 2012 On Amending the Oblast Law "On the Matters of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Vologda Oblast". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Правительство Вологодской области. Постановление №178 от 1 марта 2010 г. «Об утверждении реестра административно-территориальных единиц Вологодской области», в ред. Постановления №686 от 25 июня 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в некоторые Постановления Правительства области». Вступил в силу 20 марта 2010 г. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №29, 20 марта 2010 г. (Government of Vologda Oblast. Resolution #178 of March 1, 2010 On Adopting the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units of Vologda Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #686 of June 25, 2012 On Amending Various Resolutions of the Oblast Government. Effective as of March 20, 2010.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Вологодской области. Закон №1111-ОЗ от 6 декабря 2004 г. «Об установлении границ Вожегодского муниципального района, границах и статусе муниципальных образований, входящих в его состав», в ред. Закона №3668-ОЗ от 1 июня 2015 г. «О преобразовании некоторых муниципальных образований Вожегодского муниципального района и о внесении изменений в Закон области "Об установлении границ Вожегодского муниципального района, границах и статусе муниципальных образований, входящих в его состав"». Вступил в силу через 10 дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №242, 11 декабря 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Vologda Oblast. Law #1111-OZ of December 6, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of Vozhegodsky Municipal District, on the Borders and Status of the Municipal Formations It Comprises, as amended by the Law #3668-OZ of June 1, 2015 On the Transformation of Several Municipal Formations in Vozhegodsky Municipal District and on Amending the Law of Vologda Oblast "On Establishing the Borders of Vozhegodsky Municipal District, on the Borders and Status of the Municipal Formations It Comprises". Effective as of after 10 days from the day of the official publication.).