Vrčin

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Врчин
Vrčin
Vrcin countryside.jpg
Only 20 km from the capital center, Vrčin is a peaceful village with a stunning countryside
Country:  Serbia
Subdivision: City of Belgrade, Grocka
Location: 40|N|20|36|E
Population:
2002

9,328
Area code: +381(0)11
Postal code: 11224
License plates: BG

Coordinates: 44°40′N 20°36′E / 44.667°N 20.600°E / 44.667; 20.600

Vrčin (Serbian Cyrillic: Врчин) is a suburban settlement of Belgrade, the capital of Serbia. It is located in Belgrade's municipality of Grocka.

Geography[edit]

Roadway sign

Vrčin is located southeast of Avala mountain, in the central-eastern part of the municipality, 20 km southeast of Belgrade and 14 km west of the municipal seat of Grocka. It is situated in the spring area of the Bolečica river and is a major crossroad being located on the railway Belgrade-Požarevac, the highway Belgrade-Niš, regional road connecting the highway and the road of Smederevski put (through Zaklopača) and another one connecting the highway and the Belgrade-Kragujevac road.

Neighborhoods[edit]

Vrčin has several neighborhoods of its own. They can be roughly divided into two sections, north and south of the highway.

North section:

  • Cerje (Церје), the southernmost extension of this section, not connected to the rest of Vrčin in the urban sense. It is named after the cer, Turkey oak.
  • Donja Mala (Доња Мала, "lower alley"), constitutes the bulk of the northern section.
  • Jankovići (Јанковићи), the easternmost section which makes the urban connection to Zaklopača. It is named after a family surname.
  • Tranšped (Траншпед), the northern extension that is closest to Belgrade, named after the "Tranšped" company.

South section:

  • Avramovići (Аврамовићи), a northern section named after a family surname.
  • Bajića Kraj (Бајића Крај), the eastern section, named after a family surname.
  • Carino Naselje (Царино Насеље), the south-eastern extension along the highway.
  • Feroplast (Феропласт), named for the "Feroplast" company.
  • Gornja Mala (Горња Мала, "upper alley"), the central part of the entire neighborhood.
  • Malo Polje (Мало Поље, "little field"), the south-western extension.
  • Orlovica (Орловица, "eagle hill").
  • Pobrđani (Побрђани, "hilly places"), the central-south extension.
  • Ravnice (Равнице, "flat fields"), the southernmost extension.

Economy[edit]

Despite the recent development of workshops and the commercial sector (including the building of a shopping mall in the center of the settlement), the economy is mostly based on agriculture.

Politics[edit]

Vrčin was once the seat of its own municipality, which was disbanded and incorporated into the municipality of Grocka. From time to time, motions have been made proposing the separation of Vrčin from Grocka, due to the distance from its municipal seat and the fact that it is more populous than Grocka. Recent proposals have called for the split of Vrčin and several settlements from the Voždovac municipality (Zuce, Pinosava, Ripanj, Beli Potok) into a new, sub-Avalan municipality of Avalski Venac.

Population[edit]

Vrčin is statistically classified as a rural settlement (village) and officially is the second most populous settlement in the municipality (Census 2002; after Kaluđerica but ahead of the municipal seat of Grocka). However, unofficial estimates that include refugees (not counted in the official census reports) also put Leštane before Vrčin.

Vrčin extends on both sides of the highway (originally developed from the western side). The eastern extension is colloquially known asTranšped (Cyrillic: Траншпед). This area forms a continuous build-up area with Zaklopača. Vučić has experienced a steady growth of population:[1]

  • 1921 - 3,470
  • 1948 - 5,040
  • 1953 - 5,342
  • 1961 - 6,042
  • 1971 - 6,263
  • 1981 - 7,327
  • 1991 - 7,589 (de facto)
  • 1991 - 8,034 (de jure)
  • 2002 - 8,667 (de facto)
  • 2002 - 9,328 (de jure)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Uporedni pregled broja stanovnika 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991 i 2002 - podaci po naseljima (in Serbian). Belgrade: Republički zavod za statistiku. 2004. ISBN 86-84433-14-9. 

Sources[edit]

  • Jovan Đ. Marković (1990): Enciklopedijski geografski leksikon Jugoslavije; Svjetlost-Sarajevo; ISBN 86-01-02651-6