Vrbas, Serbia

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Vrbas

Врбас
Vrbas centar.jpeg
Muzej u Vrbasu, Vila u Vrbasu.jpg
Muzej u Vrbasu, Zgrada muzeja.jpg
Muzej u Vrbasu, Grkokatolička crkva.tif
Muzej u Vrbasu, Metodističko-evangelistička crkva.tif
Vrbas, zgrada DVD.tif
From top: Fountain in the center of Vrbas, Villa ,,Tabori", Vrbas Museum, The Greek Catholic Church, Methodist-evangelical church, Building of volunteer firefighting company
Flag of Vrbas
Flag
Coat of arms of Vrbas
Coat of arms
Location of the municipality of Vrbas within Serbia
Location of the municipality of Vrbas within Serbia
Coordinates: 45°34′N 19°39′E / 45.567°N 19.650°E / 45.567; 19.650Coordinates: 45°34′N 19°39′E / 45.567°N 19.650°E / 45.567; 19.650
Country Serbia
ProvinceVojvodina
DistrictSouth Bačka
Settlements7
Government
 • MayorMilan Glušac
Area
 • Municipality376 km2 (145 sq mi)
Elevation
85 m (279 ft)
Population
 (2011 census)[2]
 • Town
24,112
 • Municipality
42,092
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
21460
Area code+381 21
Car platesVS
Websitewww.vrbas.net

Vrbas (Serbian Cyrillic: Врбас, Hungarian: Verbász) is a town and municipality located in the South Bačka District of the autonomous province of Vojvodina, Serbia. As of 2011, the town had a population of 24,112, while the municipality had 42,092 inhabitants.

Name[edit]

Its name stems from the word "Willow" in the Serbian language. During the SFRY period, the town was renamed Titov Vrbas (meaning "the Vrbas of Tito"), after Josip Broz Tito. Like all other towns in Socialist Yugoslavia named after Tito, the first part was dropped once the new states were formed during the early 1990s.

In Rusyn, the town is known as Вербас, in Hungarian as Verbász, in Croatian as Vrbas, in German as Werbass, and in Turkish as Verbas.

History[edit]

NEU-VERBASZ in the Empire of Austria in 1859

Vrbas was mentioned first in 1213 during the administration of the Kingdom of Hungary. According to other sources, it was mentioned first in 1387.[3] In the 16th century it became a part of the Ottoman Empire. During Ottoman administration it was populated by ethnic Serbs.[4]

Since the Treaty of Passarowitz (1718), Vrbas and the Banat were placed under administration of the Habsburg Monarchy. According to the 1720 census, it was populated exclusively by Serbs (about 250 families[5]).[6]

After 1784 many Germans settled in the town founding a new settlement named Novi Vrbas (Neu-Verbasz) near the old Serb settlement, which then became known as Stari Vrbas (Old Vrbas).

In 1910, population of Novi Vrbas was mostly composed of ethnic Germans, while population of Stari Vrbas was ethnically mixed and was mainly composed of Serbs and Germans.[7]

In 1918, Vrbas became part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, which was later renamed to Yugoslavia. The town was under Axis occupation in 1941-1944, and during that time it was attached to Horthy's Hungary. As a consequence of the World War II events in Yugoslavia, the German population fled from the town after this war. At the same time, many settlers from Montenegro came to Vrbas and other neighboring places.

Inhabited places[edit]

Vrbas municipality includes the city of Vrbas and the following villages:

Demographics[edit]

Map of Vrbas municipality
Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
194837,174—    
195337,614+0.24%
196142,853+1.64%
197143,490+0.15%
198145,756+0.51%
199146,405+0.14%
200245,852−0.11%
201142,092−0.95%
Source: [8]

According to the 2011 census results, the municipality has 42,092 inhabitants.

Ethnic groups[edit]

The Orthodox church.
Churches in Vrbas.
Vrbas Flag

Settlements with Serb ethnic majority are: Bačko Dobro Polje, Zmajevo, Kosančić, Ravno Selo and Vrbas. Ethnically mixed settlements are: Kucura (with relative Rusyn majority) and Savino Selo (with relative Montenegrin majority).

The ethnic composition of the municipality:[9]

Ethnic group Population
Serbs 23,251
Montenegrins 7,353
Rusyns 3,375
Hungarians 2,464
Ukrainians 836
Croats 549
Roma 355
Slovaks 286
Yugoslavs 170
Мacedonians 149
Germans 121
Muslims 112
Albanians 48
Others 3,023
Total 42,092

Economy[edit]

The following table gives a preview of total number of employed people per their core activity (as of 2017):[10]

Activity Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 396
Mining -
Processing industry 2,700
Distribution of power, gas and water 109
Distribution of water and water waste management 204
Construction 112
Wholesale and retail, repair 1,315
Traffic, storage and communication 819
Hotels and restaurants 245
Media and telecommunications 58
Finance and insurance 129
Property stock and charter 9
Professional, scientific, innovative and technical activities 288
Administrative and other services 570
Administration and social assurance 554
Education 671
Healthcare and social work 1,072
Art, leisure and recreation 184
Other services 98
Total 9,531

Notable citizens[edit]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Slobodan Ćurčić, Broj stanovnika Vojvodine, Novi Sad, 1996.
  1. ^ "Municipalities of Serbia, 2006". Statistical Office of Serbia. Retrieved 2010-11-28.
  2. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
  3. ^ Dr Slobodan Ćurčić, Naselja Bačke - geografske karakteristike, Novi Sad, 2007, page 220.
  4. ^ Dr Slobodan Ćurčić, Naselja Bačke - geografske karakteristike, Novi Sad, 2007, page 220.
  5. ^ Dr Slobodan Ćurčić, Naselja Bačke - geografske karakteristike, Novi Sad, 2007, page 220.
  6. ^ Ivan Jakšić, Iz popisa stanovništva Ugarske početkom XVIII veka, Novi Sad, 1966.
  7. ^ http://img190.imageshack.us/img190/3899/vojvodina1910.png
  8. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 10 April 2019.
  9. ^ "Попис становништва, домаћинстава и станова 2011. у Републици Србији" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Republički zavod za statistiku. Retrieved 10 April 2019.
  10. ^ "ОПШТИНЕ И РЕГИОНИ У РЕПУБЛИЦИ СРБИЈИ, 2018" (PDF). stat.gov.rs (in Serbian). Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 17 March 2019.

External links[edit]