The notes Ga and dha are not used in this raga. Its origin from thaat Kaafi is peculiar as it uses the shuddha form of "ni" in its Aaroha, whereas the komala form of "ni" and "ga" is the main characteristic of the Kaafi thaat. So it is possible to make a mistake in identifying its thaat as Khamaj.
Arohana & Avarohana
- Sa Re Ma Pa Ni Sa
also written as: S R M P N S
- Sa ni(komal) Pa Ma Re Sa.
also written as: S n P M R S
Ni swara is Shuddha in Arohana and Komal in Avarohana.
Vadi & Samavadi
Pakad or Chalan
Re MA Pa Ni(Komal) Pa Ma Re Ma Re Ni Sa
Organization & Relationships
Madhyanah (noon), Afternoon Generally evenings as it is generally sung as a part of Mehfil.
It is gradually regarded as a raaga of summer season.
Shringar Rasa: The Rasa of Romance. It creates a romantic and mystic atmosphere.
Madhumad Sarang where shuddha ni is dropped. It is still considered a chanchal raga. Please note that Megh malhar has same notes but it is dhrupad anga raga and is serious in rendering with a lot of meend.
Rashid khan - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OmayNk9PYVY Bhimsen Joshi - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J4owfAMyLDc Jhuti Muti Mitwa - Lata Mangeshkar - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0_-5oCQHWTc
- Bor, Joep (ed). Rao, Suvarnalata; der Meer, Wim van; Harvey, Jane (co-authors) The Raga Guide: A Survey of 74 Hindustani Ragas. Zenith Media, London: 1999.