Vrindavani Vastra is a drape woven by Assamese weavers during 16th century under the guidance of Srimanta Sankardeva, a Vaishnavite saint and scholar who lived in present-day Assam. The large drape illustrates the childhood activities of Lord Krishna in Vrindavan. Parts of the original Vrindavani vastra are presently owned by the Victoria and Albert Museum in London and Musee Guimet (the Guimet Museum) in Paris. The piece of cloth demonstrates the skillful weaving methods developed during medieval times and such complexity is rarely seen in present-day Assam.
Assamese silk weavers depicted scenes from Bhagavatha, Mahabharatha, mainly of the childhood days of Lord Krishalala on silk clothes under the supervision of Saint, scholar, and poet Srimanta Sankardeva and his disciple Madhvadeva during 16th Century. First woven between 1567 and 1569, it was taken to Bhutan and then later to Tibet, where European merchants brought it back to Europe. Presently, it is owned by the Victoria and Albert Museum in London and the Musee Guimet in Paris. Some reports suggest that the Vrindavani Vastra piece was collected by a reporter of "The Times" (London) and donated to the museum  around 1904. Similar silk drapes are also held by other museums like The Philadelphia Museum of Art. In 2004, a similar piece of silk drape, probably designed by Sankaradeva during 16th Century, was put up for auction by the auction house of Christie's in New York, with a reserve price of $120,000. This type of silken-weaving artwork was produced up to around 1715 in Assam and its neighborhood and exported to places like Tibet.
The exhibit owned by British Museum, acquired in 1904 from Tibet, is nine and half meters long and is made up of several pieces of silk drapes depicting Krishna's (or Vishnu's) life. Along with colorful pictorial depictions, it has a portion of a poem written by Srimanta Sankardev woven on it.
There were futile efforts by government agencies of India to bring back the silk drape back to India. During 2013, Assam government, India has requested British Museum to exhibit Vrindavani Vastra at London so that art lovers, researchers, and local people with Assamese heritage can admire the piece of art. This textile is now on display until August 2016 in the exhibition 'Krishna in the garden of Assam: the cultural context of an Indian textile' in Room 91 of the British Museum. Entry is free.
- "Vrindavani Vastra ‘out of reach’ for govt". The Telegraph, Kolkotta. 23 March 2013. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
- Bezboruah, D N (March 2013). "Lengths of precious fabric". The Assam Tribune (editorial). Retrieved 10 November 2013.
- "Vrindavani Vastra: Gogoi to move British Museum". TheHindu. 10 November 2013. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
- ""Cloth of Vrindavan" (Vrindavani Vastra) depicting Scenes from the Life of Krishna". Philadelphia Museum of Art. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
- Hugh and Colleen Gantzer, Colleen Gantzer (28 August 2012). "The polymath guru of Assam". The Times of India. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
- Mary Schoeser, Foreword by JulienMacdonald; Marcandalli, contrib. by Bruno (2007). Silk. New Haven, Conn. [u.a.]: Yale Univ. Press. p. 70. ISBN 9780300117417.
- Krishna in the Garden of Assam, exhibit at British Museum, 2016