A race car revving its engine
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Vroom (and variant spelling) is an onomatopoeia that represents the sound of an engine revving up. It also describes the act of purposefully operating a motor vehicle at high speeds so as to create loud engine noises. The word is a common early childhood sound, and is used in speech therapy techniques. It is also an example of a cross-linguistic onomatopoeia.
Role in language development
"Vroom" is cited in early childhood language development texts as an example of a common early word or sound made by young children in the course of play. Anthony D. Pellegrini writes in the chapter "Interpreting Children's Play" in the book The Puzzling Child: From Recognition to Treatment (1982):
The social phonological play of two year olds is exemplified by use of conventional noises, through syllable repetition, to identify actions, events, and objects...Two children may be playing parallel or associatively with trucks. Their phonological play would be the vroom sound of truck engines
Julia Gillen further elaborates in the book The Language of Children (2003) that "vroom" and similar sound noises are the earliest examples of speech development:
However, you might look particularly at the accompaniment of words with actions. "Vroom vroom" is a good example…We might not count this as an early word at all; it might be used by a child who is not yet using words but who is consistently using certain vocalization to express specific intentions of feelings.
The word is also used as a tool in treating children with articulation and phonological disorders. Dennis M. Ruscello writes in the book Treating Articulation and Phonological Disorders in Children (2008):
The clinician should encourage vocalizations that can be carried out in the context of body movement or activity. For instance, a client can pair vocalization with play. The clinician and client might play with a favorite toy such as a car and make a vroom sound while playing.
- In Batak, ngong, ngooongngng ...
- In Catalan, rum, rumm
- In Czech, brmmm brmmm
- In Danish, vrum vrum, brum brum, nøn nøn
- In Dutch, broem, vroem
- In English, vroom vroom, broom broom
- In Finnish, vruum vruum, bruum bruum, prööm prööm (spoken)
- In French, vroum vroum
- In German, brumm brumm, wrumm wrumm
- In Italian, brum brum
- In Hungarian, brum brumm
- In Korean, bureung bureung 부릉부릉
- In Polish, brym brym, brum brum
- In Portuguese, vruum vruum
- In Romanian, vrum vrum
- In Spanish, run run
- In Slovenian, brum brum
- In Swedish, brum brum
- In Thai bruen bruen บรึ๊น บรึ๊น
- In Turkish, vrum vrum (truck), han han (car)
- In Vietnamese, bờ rừm
- In Indonesian, ngeng ngeng
- Algeo, John; Thomas Pyles (2009-02-02). The Origins and Development of the English Language. 1. p. 225. ISBN 1428231455.
- "vroom /vro͞om/". Google. Retrieved January 29, 2012.
- "Onomatopoeic words: Vroom or Wroooom". Examples of Onomatopoeia. Retrieved January 29, 2012.
- "vroom". Merriam-Webster. Retrieved January 29, 2012.
- Chambers 21st Century Dictionary. Allied Publishers. p. 1591. ISBN 978-0550106254.
- Julia Gillen (2003). The Language of Children. Routledge. p. 64. ISBN 978-0-415-28621-3.
- Anthony D. Pellegrini (1982). "Interpreting Children's Play". In Mary Frank. The Puzzling Child: From Recognition to Treatment. Routledge. p. 55. ISBN 978-0-86656-119-8.
- Dennis M. Ruscello (2008). Treating Articulation and Phonological Disorders in Children. Elsevier Health Sciences. p. 120. ISBN 978-0-323-03387-9.
- "Onomatopoeia". TutorGig.com. Retrieved January 29, 2012.
- The dictionary definition of vroom at Wiktionary