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24 February 1895|
Lebyazhye, Russian Empire
|Died||15 August 1963
Vsevolod Vyacheslavovich Ivanov (Russian: Все́волод Вячесла́вович Ива́нов Russian pronunciation: [ˈfsʲɛvələd vʲɪtɕɪˈslavəvʲɪtɕ ɪˈvanəf]; 12 February [O.S. 24 February] 1895, Lebyazhye, Semipalatinsk Oblast, now in Pavlodar Region, Kazakhstan – 15 August 1963, Moscow) was a notable Soviet writer praised for the colourful adventure tales set in the Asiatic part of Russia during the Civil War.
Ivanov was born in what is now Northern Kazakhstan to a teacher's family. When he was a child, Vsevolod ran away to become a clown in a travelling circus. His first story, published in 1915, caught the attention of Maxim Gorky, who advised Vsevolod throughout his career.
Ivanov's first novels, Colored Winds (1922) and Azure Sands (1923), were set in Asiatic part of Russia and gave rise to the genre of ostern in Soviet literature. His novella Baby was acclaimed by Edmund Wilson as the finest Soviet short story ever.
Later, Ivanov came under fire from Bolshevik critics who claimed his works were too pessimistic and that it was not clear whether the Reds or Whites were the heroes.
In 1927 Ivanov rewrote his short story, the Armoured Train 14-69 into a play. This time, the play highlighted the role of the Bolsheviks in the Civil War.
Vsevolod's son Vyacheslav Ivanov became one of the leading philologists and Indo-Europeanists of the late 20th century. Vsevolod adopted Isaak Babel's illegitimate child Emmanuil when he married Babel's one-time mistress Tamara Kashirina. Emmanuil's name was changed to "Mikhail Ivanov" and he later became a noted artist.
- Armoured Train 14-69, International publishers, 1933.
- The Adventures of a Fakir, Vanguard Press, 1935.
- Armored Train 14-69, Trilogy Books, 1978.
- Selected Stories, Raduga Publishers, 1983.
- Correspondence Across a Room, Marlboro Press, 1984.
- From the Reminiscences of Private Ivanov and Other Stories, Angel Books, 1988.
- The Child, from Great Soviet Short Stories, Dell, 1990.
- Fertility and Other Stories, Northwestern University Press, 1998. ISBN 0-8101-1547-6