Vsevolod Petriv

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Vsevolod Petriv
Всеволод Миколайович Петрів
Petriv V.jpg
Born January 12, 1883
Kiev, Kiev Governorate, Russian Empire
Died July 10, 1948(1948-07-10) (aged 65)
Augsburg, American Occupation Zone, Allied-occupied Germany
Allegiance Russian Empire, Ukrainian People's Republic, Ukrainian State
Service/branch Army
Years of service 1914-1922
Rank General
Unit 42 Rifle Division,7-th Turkestan Division (head of staff), Hordienko Regiment, UNR Army
Commands held UNR Head of Staff
Battles/wars Battle of Galicia, Kerensky Offensive, Ukrainian–Soviet War
Awards Order of St. George[1]
Other work Historian, publicist, pedagogue

Vsevolod Petriv (Ukrainian: Всеволод Миколайович Петрів, January 12, 1883 – July 10, 1948) was a colonel of the Imperial Russian Army, General and Head of the Staff of the Ukrainian People's Army (or Ukrainian National Army), publicist, historian, and teacher. He is known as a military leader during the Ukrainian–Soviet War.

He is also known for recording the military history of the Ukrainian armed forces.

Biography[edit]

Early years[edit]

Vsevolod Petrov was born in Kiev on January 12, 1883, into a military family. His father, Nikolay Verner-Petrov, was a high-ranking officer in the Russian Imperial Army. He was of Scandinavian heritage, whose family had participated in the Great Northern War and had fallen prisoner to Peter the First. Because of his military acumen, he was granted the surname Petrov, as well as a military position by Peter the first.

His mother was Norwegian - Alexandra Strollman. She was born in the village of Burty, Chernigov Governorate.[1]

Education[edit]

As a son of a high-ranking military officer, Vsevolod attended only the best schools. He attended the military academy in Kiev, graduating in 1900. He attended officer training in Petersburg, graduating in 1902, and the Nikolayev's Officers's School, graduating in 1910.[1]

Military Service in World War I[edit]

Petrov entered the war as a member of the Russian Imperial Army at the 42nd Infantry Division, later joined the 7th Turkestani Rifle Division and rose in the ranks to colonel and head of staff. Was wounded during Siege of Przemyśl. Awarded by Order of St. George. In late 1917 he pledged allegiance to the Ukrainian People's Republic.[1]

Ukrainian–Soviet War[edit]

At the times of the Hetmanate he was arrested but soon released. With the fall of the Directorate in November 1920 he went abroad to Poland were in 1921 he was assigned to the post of the Head of the Staff of the Ukrainian National Republic Army.[1]

The Inter-war Years[edit]

In 1923 he moved to Czechoslovakia. From 1923 to 1938, Petrov was giving lectures at the Drahomanov Institute in Prague. He was a very prolific writer, authoring no less than nine in-depth books about Ukrainian military history. later to Czechoslovakia.

World War II[edit]

In April 1939 he was arrested and transferred to Brno where he worked at the local factory. In April 1945 he was transferred by the Germans to Bavaria

After WWII[edit]

He was placed at the DP camp by the U.S. military administration where he died on July 10, 1948.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Society and Army: Social-historical description. Prague, Berlin 1924;
  • Adapting military knowledge (Усуспільнення військових знань) // Student Digest. Prague 1926. #6. pp. 6–11;
  • Fragment to the history of Ukrainian-Polish compromise (Фрагмент до історії українсько-польського зближення) // New Ukraine, Prague 1927. ##1-2. pp. 75–80;
  • Memories of the Ukrainian revolution times, 1917-1921 (Спомини з часів української революції, 1917–1921). Lviv 1927–1931;
  • Fragments of memories (Уривки зі споминів) // Calendar of the Guelder-Rose for 1929. Lviv 1928. pp. 29–39;
  • Army of the Ukrainian People's Republic 1917-21 // Ukrainian General Encyclopedia. Lviv, Stanyslaviv, Kolomyia 1934. vol.3. pp. 762–767;
  • Zhytomyr junior school: formation, science, fights, first alumni of Ukrainian officers. Pages of unpublished diary. (Житомирська юнацька школа: формування, наука, бої, перший випуск української старшини. Сторінки з ненадрукованого щоденника) // Chronicles of the Guelder-Rose. Lviv 1936. #5. pp. 18–19; #6. p. 7; #7/8. p. 15; #10. pp. 11–15; #11. pp. 14–17; 1937. #1. p. 19; #3. pp. 14–17; #6. p. 17;
  • Strategic operations of Bohdan Khmelnytsky during the 1648-1649 war (Стратегічні операції Богдана Хмельницького під час війни 1648-1649 років) // Army of Ukraine. Kiev 1993. #6. p. 43; #7. p. 74; #8. p. 93;
  • By unbeaten road: Memories of history of the Ukrainian revolution 1917-1921 (Неторованим шляхом: Спомини з історії української революції 1917-1921 рр). // Fatherland. 1993. ##5-6. pp. 123–135; ##7-8. pp. 137–154; 1994. ##1-2. pp. 137–149; ##5-6. pp. 143–156. Literature: Havrylyuk І. Out of great past (З величного минулого) // For Statehood. Warsaw 1929.#1. p. 130;
Preceded by
H.Syrotenko
Minister of Defense
July 1919–August 1919
Succeeded by
Volodymyr Salsky

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Ю.Мицик Останні листи генерала Петріва // Український археографічний щорічник. Збірник наукових праць Інститут української археографії та джерелознавства ім. М. С. Грушевського НАН України . – К., 2006 page 733-736

Further reading[edit]

  • Yeroshevych P. From the fight of the Ukrainian people for their liberty // Warsaw, 1939. #9. pp. 38–39.
  • Encyclopedia of Ukraine. vol.6. Paris, New-York, 1970. p. 2034.
  • Krypyakevych І. and others. History of the Ukrainian Army. Ed. IV. Kiev, 1992.
  • Tynchenko Ya. The Ukrainian officership: Ways of mourning and oblivion. Part I. Kiev, 1995. pp. 105–107.
  • Voytsekhivska І. Vsevolod Petrov: unknown heritage (out of the materials of the family archives of Sviatoslav Petrov in the US) // Studios of the archival affairs and documentation. vol.5. Kiev, 1999. pp. 195–197.
  • Strelsky H. Activists of Ukraine at times of the National-Liberating competitions (1917–1920) // History in school. 1999. ##1-2. pp. 48–49.
  • Naumenko К. and others. Generals of the Ukrainian Liberating competitions. Lviv, 1995. pp. 214–215.

External links[edit]