Vukovar-Srijem County

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Vukovar-Srijem County

Vukovarsko-srijemska županija
"Županija Palace" of Vukovar-Srijem County in Vukovar
"Županija Palace" of Vukovar-Srijem County in Vukovar
Flag of Vukovar-Srijem County
Flag
Coat of arms of Vukovar-Srijem County
Coat of arms
Vukovar-Srijem County within Croatia
Vukovar-Srijem County within Croatia
CountryCroatia
County seatVukovar
Government
 • ŽupanBožo Galić (HDZ)
Area
 • Total2,454 km2 (947 sq mi)
Elevation
78-224 m (255-734 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total180,117
 • Density73/km2 (190/sq mi)
Postal code
Area code(s)32
ISO 3166 codeHR-16
Vehicle registrationVK, VU, ŽU
HDI (2017)0.783[2]
high · 18th
WebsiteOfficial site

Vukovar-Srijem County (Croatian: Vukovarsko-srijemska županija) is the easternmost Croatian county. It includes the eastern parts of the region of Slavonia and the western parts of the region of Syrmia, as well as the lower Sava river basin, Posavina.

The county seat is Vukovar, on Danube river; and the biggest town is Vinkovci with 33,328 inhabitants. The whole county has 204,768 inhabitants. Other notable towns include Ilok, Otok and Županja.

History[edit]

The area of Vukovar has been inhabited since Neolithic times. It is an exceptionally rich archaeological site, listed among the most important sites of southern Europe. Vukovar was known for its architecture from the 18th century, with covered porticos (arcades) and later historical buildings, until the war in 1991 which resulted in the systematic destruction of the entire town.

Geography[edit]

Vukovar–Srijem County lies in the far northeastern part of Croatia, in the regions of eastern Slavonia and west Syrmia. Total area of the county is 2,454 km2. Two major rivers run through the county, the Danube and the Sava, and two smaller rivers, the Bosut and the Vuka. The Bosut is a tributary of the Sava river, while the Vuka is a tributary of the Danube. The County's highest point is Čukala, on the Fruška Gora, at 294 meters (965 ft), and its lowest point is on the Spačva River at 78 meters (256 ft). Vukovar–Srijem County has a moderate continental climate, with a yearly average of 11 °C (52 °F). The County has an average annual rainfall of 650 mm (26 in) in the east, up to 800 mm (31 in) in western parts (25.6 to 31.5 in).

Vukovar–Srijem County borders Osijek-Baranja County in the northwest, Brod-Posavina County on the west, Bosnia and Herzegovina across the river Sava in the south, and Serbia in the east. The Croatian Government has claims on the Island of Šarengrad and the Island of Vukovar on the Danube river, which are under Serbian control.

Demographics[edit]

Population pyramid of Vukovar-Srijem county per the 2011 Census
Historical populations of Vukovar-Srijem County
YearPop.±%
1857 86,678—    
1869 101,029+16.6%
1880 104,801+3.7%
1890 117,918+12.5%
1900 125,569+6.5%
1910 129,754+3.3%
1921 127,417−1.8%
1931 139,340+9.4%
YearPop.±%
1948 152,472+9.4%
1953 166,956+9.5%
1961 193,224+15.7%
1971 217,115+12.4%
1981 223,919+3.1%
1991 231,241+3.3%
2001 204,768−11.4%
2011 179,521−12.3%
Source: Naselja i stanovništvo Republike Hrvatske 1857–2001, Croatian Bureau of Statistics, Zagreb, 2005

The population of Vukovar–Srijem County at the time of 2011 Census was 179,521 making it the 7th most populous county of Croatia. Historically, the population was highest in 1991 when it peaked at little over 230 thousand inhabitants.[3]

According to the 2001 census, Croats with 160,227 individuals constitute 78.27% of the county's entire population. Ethnic Serbs are the largest ethnic minority making 15.45% or 31,644 individuals. Other ethnic groups are Hungarians 2,047 (1%), Rusyns 1,796 (0.88%), Slovaks 1,338 (0.65%), Bosniaks 1,138 (0.54%).[4] The largest Hungarian community is in Tordinci (18% of total population in the municipality), for Rusyns is Bogdanovci (23%), and for Bosniaks is Gunja (34%); while 78% of total Slovak population in the county live in Ilok.

Vukovar-Srijem County is according to the census data the county with the highest percentage of ethnic non-Croats in the entire country. Serbs are the largest minority community followed by Hungarians, Rusyns, Slovaks and Bosniaks. Historically large Yugoslav, Danube Swabians, Jewish, Vlachs, Turkish and other communities lived in the region. Census data on Roma in Croatia may not always be reliable due to stigma associated with free expression of ethnic identity in this community.

Area of modern day Vukovar-Srijem County experienced number of spontaneous or state organized voluntary and involuntary waves of violent and peaceful emigration, immigration and politically motivated population persecution. Members of the same ethnic group in addition to social class may often distinguish themselves according to the time spent in the region (autochthonous or new and relatively new communities) and place of origin. Many of villages in the county are result of colonization. Among other, Austria-Hungary supported colonization of Mikluševci and Petrovci, protestant Germans settled in Banovci, Kingdom of Yugoslavia supporting colonization of Karadžićevo, World War II puppet Independent State of Croatia established the village of Bokšić, Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia supported resettlement of the World War II persecuted Serb communities from Bosnia-Herzegovina and Dalmatia in the region.

The Croatian War of Independence represent one of the last major demographic developments in the region. Croat communities were initially expelled from the self-proclaimed SAO Eastern Slavonia, Baranja and Western Syrmia. After the Operation Flash Serbian refugees from western Slavonia settled in the region yet majority of them together with some of the locals emigrated during and after the reintegration process. After the war Croatia state organized return of expelled Croats and provided housing for significant number of ethnic Croat refugees from Bosnian Posavina which became part of the Republika Srpska.

After the 2013 enlargement of the European Union all communities in the county were affected by significantly increased levels of emigration to Western Europe (Germany, Ireland, Austria, United Kingdom). Vukovar-Syrmia County was one of the Croatian counties most directly exposed to European migrant crisis yet it served almost exclusively as an transit point. As a response to this development new permanent immigration center was open in the village of Tovarnik.

Minority populations[edit]

Serbs form majority population in municipalities of Negoslavci (97.19%), Markušica (90.10%) (Gaboš, Karadžićevo, Ostrovo, Podrinje), Trpinja (89.75%) (Bobota, Bršadin, Pačetin, Vera, Ludvinci) and Borovo (89.73%). Outside of these municipalities Serbs form majority in villages Banovci, Vinkovački Banovci, Orolik, Srijemske Laze and Mlaka Antinska. Serbian minority communities live in Vukovar, Mirkovci, Tovarnik, Stari Jankovci, Novi Jankovci, Ilok, Bogdanovci, Tompojevci and Vinkovci.

In the town of Vukovar and municipalities of Negoslavci, Markušica, Trpinja and Borovo, as well as in the villages of Banovci and Vinkovački Banovci, Serbian language and Serbian Cyrillic script is introduced in official use alongside Croatian.[5][6]

There are in total 12 elementary schools with 8 additional local schools and 4 secondary schools offering education in Serbian language.[7] Number of Serb minority organizations are centered in the county including Joint Council of Municipalities, Independent Democratic Serb Party and Radio Borovo.

There is one elementary school in Korođ offering education in Hungarian language.[8]

The oldest mosque in Croatia in continuous use is located in the village of Gunja.

Towns and municipalities[edit]

Vukovar-Srijem County has 85 settlements, and it is divided into 5 towns and 26 municipalities.

Town (bold) / Municipality Area (km2) Population
(2001 census)
Population
(2011 census)
Settlements (beside the seat of town/municipality)[9]
Vukovar 98.78 31,670 28,016 Lipovača, Sotin, Grabovo
Vinkovci 94.21 35,921 35,375 Mirkovci
Županja 90.14 13,774 12,185
Ilok 128.92 8,351 6,750 Bapska, Mohovo, Šarengrad
Otok 136.15 7,755 6,366 Komletinci
Andrijaševci 39.62 4,249 4,122 Rokovci
Babina Greda 79.51 4,262 3,585
Bogdanovci 51.76 2,366 1,957 Petrovci, Svinjarevci
Borovo 28.13 5,360 5,133
Bošnjaci 94.96 4,653 3,869
Cerna 69.26 4,990 4,616 Šiškovci
Drenovci 200.02 7,424 5,109 Đurići, Posavski Podgajci, Račinovci, Rajevo Selo
Gradište 57.56 3,382 2,769
Gunja 31.06 5,033 3,707
Ivankovo 103.43 8,676 7,977 Prkovci, Retkovci
Jarmina 12.94 2,627 2,435 Borinci
Lovas 42.52 1,579 1,217 Opatovac
Markušica 73.44 3,053 2,576 Gaboš, Karadžićevo, Ostrovo, Podrinje
Negoslavci 21.21 1,466 1,472
Nijemci 224.68 5,998 4,715 Apševci, Banovci, Donje Novo Selo, Đeletovci, Lipovac, Podgrađe, Vinkovački Banovci
Nuštar 43.33 5,862 5,772 Cerić, Marinci
Privlaka 52.41 3,776 2,962
Stari Jankovci 95.16 5,216 4,404 Novi Jankovci, Orolik, Slakovci, Srijemske Laze
Stari Mikanovci 54.50 3,387 2,945 Novi Mikanovci
Štitar 40.12 2,608 2,108
Tompojevci 72.81 1,999 1,561 Berak, Bokšić, Čakovci, Grabovo, Mikluševci
Tordinci 50.17 2,251 2,047 Antin, Korođ, Mlaka Antinska
Tovarnik 64.56 3,335 2,792 Ilača
Trpinja 123.87 6,466 5,680 Bobota, Bršadin, Ćelija, Ludvinci, Pačetin, Vera
Vođinci 21.26 2,113 1,957
Vrbanja 191.00 5,174 3,938 Soljani, Strošinci
Total (5+26) 2,448.00 204,768 180.117 54 settlements

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ostroški, Ljiljana, ed. (December 2015). Statistički ljetopis Republike Hrvatske 2015 [Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Croatia 2015] (PDF). Statistical Yearbook of the Republic of Croatia (in Croatian and English). 47. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. p. 62. ISSN 1333-3305. Retrieved 27 December 2015.
  2. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  3. ^ Basic information about the county (in Croatian)
  4. ^ 12. Stanovništvo prema narodnosti, po gradovima/općinama, popis 2001. (in Croatian)
  5. ^ Izvješće o provođenju ustavnog zakona o pravima nacionalnih manjina i o utošku sredstava osiguranih u državnom proračunu Republike Hrvatske za 2008. godinu za potrebe nacionalnih manjina, Zagreb, 2009.
  6. ^ "Registar Geografskih Imena Nacionalnih Manjina Republike Hrvatske" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-10-29. Retrieved 2013-06-29.
  7. ^ Popis osnovnih i srednjih škola s nastavom na jeziku i pismu nacionalnih manjina po modelu A, školska godina 2011./2012., Ministarstvo znanosti obrazovanja i sporta
  8. ^ Popis osnovnih i srednjih škola s nastavom na jeziku i pismu nacionalnih manjina po modelu A, školska godina 2011./2012., Ministarstvo znanosti obrazovanja i sporta
  9. ^ List of towns and municipalities in the county published by Narodne Novine

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°13′43″N 18°55′00″E / 45.22861°N 18.91667°E / 45.22861; 18.91667