Vyacheslav Ivanovich Ivanenko (Russian: Вячеслав Иванович Иваненко) (born March 3, 1961 in Kemerovo) is a retired race walker who represented the USSR. He won the gold medal over 50 kilometres at the 1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul with a personal best time of 3:38:29. He also won a silver at the 1986 European Championships and a bronze at the 1987 World Championships.
Ivanenko was awarded the title Honoured Master of Sports of the USSR in 1988 and the Order of Friendship of Peoples.
Ivanenko works in the Kemerovo department of the State Inspection For Traffic Security (GIBDD).
Since 2008, every autumn in Kemerovo on the Vyacheslav's initiative and the support of local authorities Ivanenko Race Walking Cup is taking place.