Vyacheslav Volodin

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Vyacheslav Volodin

Володин В.В.jpg
10th Chairman of the State Duma
Assumed office
5 October 2016
Preceded bySergey Naryshkin
Deputy of the State Duma
Assumed office
5 October 2016
In office
19 December 1999 – 21 October 2010
First Deputy Chief of Staff of the Presidential Administration of Russia
In office
27 December 2011 – 5 October 2016
Preceded byVladislav Surkov
Succeeded bySergey Kiriyenko
Deputy Prime Minister of Russia — Head of the Government Executive Office
In office
21 October 2010 – 27 December 2011
Preceded bySergey Sobyanin
Succeeded byAnton Vaino
Parliamentary leader of Fatherland – All Russia
In office
2001–2003
Preceded byYevgeny Primakov
Succeeded byBoris Gryzlov (as Parliamentary leader of United Russia)
Personal details
Born
Vyacheslav Viktorovich Volodin
Вячеслав Викторович Володин

(1964-02-04) 4 February 1964 (age 55)
Alekseevka, Khvalynsky District, Saratov Oblast, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
Political partyUnited Russia
Other political
affiliations
Fatherland – All Russia
ProfessionDoctor of law
Websitevvolodin.ru

Vyacheslav Viktorovich Volodin (Russian: Вячесла́в Ви́кторович Воло́дин; born 4 February 1964) is a Russian politician who has served as the 10th Chairman of the State Duma since 5 October 2016.

He is a former aide to President Vladimir Putin. The former Secretary-General of the United Russia party, he was a deputy in the State Duma from 1999 until 2011 and from 2016 to present day. From 2010 until 2012 he was Deputy Prime Minister of Russia. He is also a former first deputy Chief of Staff of the Presidential Administration of Russia.[1] Volodin engineered Putin's conservative turn in his third term.[2]

Biography[edit]

Volodin was graduated in mechanical engineering from the Faculty of organization and technology of the Saratov Institute of Mechanization of Agriculture in 1986, followed by a degree in law from the Russian State Service Academy under the President of the Russian Federation in 1995 and a Ph.D. in law from the Interior Ministry's St. Petersburg Institute in 1996 with the thesis, "A Russian Constituent Entity: Problems of Power, Law-making and Administration." He worked as a lecturer and assistant professor as well.[3]

In 1990 he was elected as a member of the City Council of Saratov. Since 1992 Volodin was the Deputy of the Head of Administration of Saratov, since 1994 deputy chairman of the Saratov Regional Duma and in 1996 he was appointed to the Vice Governor of the Saratov region.[3]

In the Russian legislative election in 1999 he was a candidate of the political bloc Fatherland – All Russia. After being elected Volodin became deputy chairman of the third State Duma, and from September 2001 he was the head of the Fatherland – All Russia.[3]

In 2003 he ran for a seat in the fourth State Duma and was elected as a representative of Balakovo, Saratov region. In the fourth State Duma he was deputy chairman again and appointed first deputy head of the fraction of the ruling party United Russia which has been founded in 2001. Since 2005 he was the party's Secretary-General of its Council Presidium.[3]

In 2007, he was elected to the Russian State Duma in its fifth session. Until October 2010, he was once more Deputy of the Chairman of the Duma.

In 21 October 2010 he was appointed Deputy Prime Minister under Dmitry Medvedev. as well as—after the dismissal of Sergey Sobyanin in connection with his approval to the Mayor of MoscowChief of Staff of the Presidential Executive Office.

In 28 April 2014, following the Crimean status referendum, the U.S. Treasury put Volodin on the Specially Designated Nationals List (SDN), a list of individuals sanctioned as "members of the Russian leadership's inner circle."[4][5][6][7][8] The sanctions freeze any assets he holds in the US[7] and ban him from entering the United States.[9]

On 12 May 2014, Volodin was added to the European Union sanctions list due to his role in the 2014 Crimean crisis.[10] He is barred from entering the EU countries, and his assets in the EU have to be frozen.

Since 2009 the author of over 50 scientific publications is the Head of State management School of Moscow University.[3] Volodin has a daughter and two sons.

Eighty-two-year-old mother of Vyacheslav Volodin Barabanov Lidia Petrovna, born April 6, 1936, worked all her life as a primary school teacher - in particular, in the Alekseevka working village in the Saratov region. According to Rosreestr, as of August 2018, Baradova Lidia Petrovna owns an apartment in the elite residential complex "White Swan" in the Moscow district of Ramenka with an area of 390.6 square meters. Lidia Barabanova also owns Dniprovo Holding JSC, Gorodnyanskoye Agricultural Enterprise LLC.[11][12][13]

Chairman of the State Duma[edit]

Vyacheslav Volodin in the chair of the Chairman of the State Duma

Election[edit]

For the first time rumors that Volodin could become the new Chairman of the State Duma after the 2016 legislative election appeared before the election. However, this information has not been confirmed.[14]

After the 2016 legislative election, the previous Chairman of the State Duma Sergey Naryshkin was appointed Director of the Foreign Intelligence Service. On 23 September 2016, President Vladimir Putin proposed to the United Russia to nominate Vyacheslav Volodin to the post of Chairman of the State Duma. The majority leader Vladimir Vasilyev said that the United Russia faction will support the candidacy of Volodin.[15][16] Candidacy Volodin also supported the faction of the Liberal Democratic Party and A Just Russia. On 5 October Vyacheslav Volodin was elected Chairman of the State Duma, received 404 votes. His only rival was the communist Dmitry Novikov, who received 40 votes.[17]

Tenure[edit]

Volodin with South Korean President Moon Jae-in in the State Duma, 21 June 2018

In October 2016, he was among the three most influential politicians in Russia (after Vladimir Putin and Dmitry Medvedev) by rating of the Center for Political Technologies.[18] According to a survey conducted by the expert-analytical center of RANEPA, the level of recognition of Vyacheslav Volodin is at a high level. 83% of respondents know that he holds the post of Chairman of the State Duma. In addition, 78% of Russians have a positive or neutral view of Volodin's activities as Chairman of the State Duma.[19][20]

On 24 November 2016, he was elected Chairman of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Collective Security Treaty Organization and on 26 December 2016 he was elected Chairman of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Union State.[21][22]

As Chairman Volodin actively began to deal with the discipline of deputies. At first he forbade deputies to vote by proxy for other deputies. In this connection, the deputies have to attend the meetings in person. Fines for missing meetings without a valid reason were also introduced.[23]

On 6 March 2019, Vyacheslav Volodin, during a meeting of the State Duma, interrupted the report of the Minister of Economic Development Maxim Oreshkin and did not allow him to finish his speech. Volodin accused him of being unprepared and offered to report again in a month (usually such reports pass only once a year). According to some deputies, this case is the first in the entire post-Soviet history of Russia.[24][25][26]

On 6 April 2019, Volodin proposed amendments to the Constitution allowing the State Duma to participate more actively in the formation of the government. According to him, the State Duma should at least participate in consultations when appointing members of the government (currently, the participation of the State Duma in the formation of the government is limited only by the fact that it must give consent to the President to appoint the Prime Minister). Volodin said that the participation of the State Duma in the formation of the government "would be consistent with the principles of proper balance of power" and "would provide a higher level of responsibility" in the work of Ministers.[27] In July 2019, Volodin again called for the introduction of appropriate amendments to the Constitution in his article in the Parliamentary Newspaper.[28]

Possible presidential bid[edit]

Despite the fact that Volodin actively supports Vladimir Putin (for example, he says that "no Putin - no Russia"),[29] many experts talk about his presidential ambitions. So in 2012, one of his friends in an interview with Reuters said that considers Volodin the future President, as "he has a desire to fly high". Another close to Volodin man said: "an ordinary person in the afternoon thinking about plans for the evening. Volodin does not think about plans for the evening - he has a plan for life. When he was Vice Mayor of Saratov, he already said to friends that he would become President of Russia."[30] In addition, in 2015, the cleric Vsevolod Chaplin, commenting on the article in the Izvestia about the personal life of a number of political figures of Russia, also spoke about the presidential ambitions of Volodin.[31]

On 20 April 2017, at the meeting of the organizing committee for the Victory Day, which was held by President Vladimir Putin, the head of the Organization of Veterans of the War in Afghanistan Andrey Chepurnoy spoke. He criticized Senator Franz Klintsevich, Chairman of the Russian Union of Veterans of Afghanistan. He spoke about the letter of Klintsevich, in which he indicates Volodin as the next President. Commenting on this speech, Putin said that "the successor to the President is determined only by the Russian people in the democratic elections — and no one else".[32] Later Klintsevich denied the words of Chepurnoy and called it slander. At the same time, one of the members of the Moscow organization "Safe Capital" said that Klintsevich really mentioned the presidential ambitions of Volodin. "At one of the meetings in 2016 with our organization Klintsevich said that it is necessary to support Volodin in all his endeavors, because he, according to Klintsevich, will be the next President of Russia". According to political scientist Stanislav Belkovsky, Volodin has presidential ambitions, but he is not going to be President "instead of Putin", and will agree to become President only if Putin offers him.[33]

Honours and awards (selection)[edit]

Volodin receiving the Order "For Merit to the Fatherland" in 2006

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vyacheslav Volodin. themoscowtimes.com (accessed 14 October 2015)
  2. ^ "Cluster bomb: How Russia is ruled". The Economist. 16 September 2016. Retrieved 16 September 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d e VOLODIN, Vyacheslav Viktorovich. russiaprofile.org, 26 May 2011 (accessed 2015-08-25)
  4. ^ Treasury Sanctions Russian Officials, Members Of The Russian Leadership's Inner Circle, And An Entity For Involvement In The Situation In Ukraine
  5. ^ Elizabeth Piper (28 December 2014). "Crunch time: As sanctions bite, Putin ally gets into apples". Reuters. Thompson Reuters. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
  6. ^ Specially Designated Nationals List (SDN)
  7. ^ a b "Announcement Of Additional Treasury Sanctions On Russian Government Officials And Entities". US Treasury. 28 April 2016. Retrieved 29 February 2016.
  8. ^ Rupar, Terri (28 April 2014). "U.S. announces new sanctions on Russians: Who's on the list". The Washington Post. Retrieved 29 February 2016.
  9. ^ President of The United States (19 March 2016). "Ukraine EO13661" (PDF). Federal Register. Retrieved 20 February 2016.
  10. ^ "COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) No 477/2014". THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION. eur-lex.europa.eu. 12 May 2014. Retrieved 14 October 2015.
  11. ^ "Navalny Probe Accuses Russian Duma Speaker of Graft". Retrieved 10 September 2018.
  12. ^ Moscow, Marc Bennetts (18 August 2018). "Vladimir Putin's official Vyacheslav Volodin 'used elderly mother in business property scams'". The Times. ISSN 0140-0460. Retrieved 10 September 2018.
  13. ^ "Volodin told the "Газете.Ru" where his mother money for an apartment – Russian Reality". rusreality.com. Retrieved 10 September 2018.
  14. ^ Рокировка. «Коммерсантъ»: Вячеслав Володин может стать спикером новой Госдумы
  15. ^ "Путин попросил назначить Вячеслава Володина спикером Госдумы" (in Russian). meduza.io. 23 September 2016.
  16. ^ "Вячеслав Володин — новый спикер Госдумы. Главное" (in Russian). meduza.io. 23 September 2016.
  17. ^ Вячеслав Володин избран спикером Госдумы
  18. ^ "Политологи включили Володина в тройку ведущих политиков России". Росбизнесконсалтинг. 25 October 2016. Retrieved 25 October 2016.
  19. ^ Большинство россиян знает, кто является спикером Госдумы
  20. ^ Госдума запомнилась законом о реновации
  21. ^ Ведомости (24 November 2016). "Вячеслав Володин выходит на международный уровень". Retrieved 16 January 2017.
  22. ^ "Володин избран председателем союзного парламента Белоруссии и России". Дни ру. Retrieved 16 January 2017.
  23. ^ Как меняется Госдума при Володине
  24. ^ Володин прервал и перенес выступление Орешкина в Госдуме
  25. ^ Володин прервал выступление Орешкина из-за его неподготовленности
  26. ^ Спикер впервые за историю Госдумы прервал выступление министра. Как это было на самом деле, и что об этом думают в соцсетях
  27. ^ РБК (6 April 2019). "Володин предложил допустить Госдуму к формированию правительства". Retrieved 6 April 2019.
  28. ^ Парламентская газета (17 July 2019). "Живая Конституция развития". Retrieved 17 July 2019.
  29. ^ Валдайский клуб убедили в безальтернативности Владимира Путина
  30. ^ Преемник Суркова развернул кампанию Путина лицом к народу
  31. ^ Всеволод Чаплин рассказал о президентских амбициях Володина
  32. ^ Путин отреагировал на заявления о своем преемнике
  33. ^ «Все преемники будут Володины»
  34. ^ "Указ Президента РФ от 15 августа 1997 г. N 891 "О награждении государственными наградами Российской Федерации работников предприятий, учреждений и организаций Саратовской области"" (in Russian). bazazakonov.ru. 15 April 1997. Archived from the original on 14 October 2015. Retrieved 14 October 2015.
  35. ^ "Указ Президента РФ от 14 апреля 2003 г. N 438 "О награждении государственными наградами Российской Федерации"" (in Russian). bazazakonov.ru. 14 April 2003. Archived from the original on 2 April 2016. Retrieved 14 October 2015.
  36. ^ "Указ Президента РФ от 20 апреля 2006 г. N 404 "О награждении орденом "За заслуги перед Отечеством" IV степени Володина В.В."" (in Russian). bazazakonov.ru. 20 April 2006. Archived from the original on 10 December 2013. Retrieved 14 October 2015.
  37. ^ Наталья Костенко; Максим Гликин; Алексей Никольский (27 April 2012). "Президент наградит орденами небывало много чиновников" (in Russian). vedomosti.ru. Retrieved 14 October 2015.
Political offices
Preceded by
Sergey Naryshkin
Chairman of the State Duma
2016-
Succeeded by
Incumbent