Vyškov

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Vyškov
Town
Vyskov Kirche.jpg
Flag
Coat of arms
Country Czech Republic
Region South Moravian
District Vyškov
Commune Vyškov
Elevation 254 m (833 ft)
Coordinates 49°16′N 16°59′E / 49.267°N 16.983°E / 49.267; 16.983Coordinates: 49°16′N 16°59′E / 49.267°N 16.983°E / 49.267; 16.983
Area 50.40 km2 (19.46 sq mi)
Population 21,312 (1.1.2015)
Density 423/km2 (1,096/sq mi)
First mentioned 1141
Mayor Petr Hájek
Timezone CET (UTC+1)
 - summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 682 01
Location in the Czech Republic
Location in the Czech Republic
Wikimedia Commons: Vyškov
Statistics: statnisprava.cz
Website: www.vyskov-mesto.cz

Vyškov (Czech pronunciation: [ˈvɪʃkof]; German: Wischau) is a town in the South Moravian Region of the Czech Republic, with a population of around 22,300 inhabitants.

German-speaking Wischau[edit]

By the middle of the 14th century, pest epidemics and starvation had virtually depopulated the entire area. The Catholic Church, the owners of the lands, administrated their properties via its cloisters in Bamberg, Augsburg and Brixen. These cloisters called upon German farmers to resettle the area. At that time the German-speaking area comprised about 60 villages, only eight of which, with a population of around 3500, still existed by the time of the expulsion of the Germans after World War II.

The inhabitants were mostly farmers. Their lives consisted mainly of hard work. The population was Roman Catholic, and the rhythm of life was therefore mainly governed by the church and its festivities. An education in a German school was considered to be of great importance; six villages had their own German elementary school and the town of Lissowitz had a grammar school. As a result of the geographic separation from other German settlements, the language of these German-speaking inhabitants retained its original form to a great extent, and the area became a language island. It is a variety of a Southern German dialect. One peculiarity is that a "w" was pronounced very much like a "b."

After their expulsion, the former inhabitants of the area went to Germany, Austria and other countries. In 1949 an association, "Language Island of Wischau", was formed in the German town of Aalen to help the scattered families move together again.

Modern Vyškov[edit]

The Vyškov Zoo opened in 1965. In 2006, a new Dinopark was opened, located about 2.5 kilometres (1.6 miles) outside the city in the former "Marchanice" park. There are currently around 30 life-size dinosaur models in the park, and it is one of the most visited attractions in the area.[citation needed]

Vyškov has a top-level rugby team, RC Vyškov, who play in the KB Extraliga and have been national champions 11 times.

Famous people from Vyškov[edit]

Wischau in literature[edit]

The town is mentioned in War and Peace, by Leo Tolstoy, in Book 3 Chapters 10 and 11.[citation needed]

Krambambuli, by Marie von Ebner-Eschenbach, a short story part of Dorf- und Schloßgeschichten (Village and castle stories), is also set in the town.

Twin towns[edit]

Vyškov is twinned with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Jarosław Official Website - Partner Cities". Flag of Poland.svg(in Polish) © 2008 Urząd Miasta Jarosław. Ul. Rynek 1, 37-500 Jarosław. Retrieved 2008-10-23. 

External links[edit]