Vysokopetrovsky Monastery

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Vysokopetrovsky Monastery
Vysokopetrovsky Monastery
Monastery information
OrderOrthodox
Established1317
Disestablished1918
DioceseMoscow
People
Founder(s)Saint Peter of Moscow
Architecture
StyleNaryshkin Baroque
Site
LocationMoscow, Russia
Coordinates55°46′02.0″N 37°36′54.0″E / 55.767222°N 37.615000°E / 55.767222; 37.615000Coordinates: 55°46′02.0″N 37°36′54.0″E / 55.767222°N 37.615000°E / 55.767222; 37.615000

Vysokopetrovsky Monastery (Russian: Высокопетровский монастырь, English: High Monastery of St Peter) is a Russian Orthodox monastery in the Bely Gorod of Moscow commanding a hill whence Petrovka Street descends towards the Kremlin.

The monastery is believed to have been founded around the 1320s by Saint Peter of Moscow, the first Russian metropolitan to move his see in Moscow.[1] The cloister gave its name to adjacent Petrovka Street, one of the streets radiating from Red Square.

The katholikon (main church) was one of the first rotundas in Russian architecture.

In the late 17th century, the Naryshkin boyars, maternal relatives of Peter the Great, turned the monastery into their family burial place. They had it reconstructed in the Naryshkin Baroque style of architecture associated with their name. In the mid-18th century, several subsidiary structures were added, conceivably to designs by Dmitry Ukhtomsky or Ivan Fyodorovich Michurin.

The katholikon, dedicated to St Peter of Moscow, was long regarded as a typical monument of the Naryshkin style and dated to 1692. In the 1970s the detailed studies of sources and excavations of the site revealed that the katholikon had been actually built in 1514-1517 by Aloisio the New.[1]

In 1926 the monastery was closed. In 1992 several buildings of the monastery were returned to Russian Orthodox Church.[1] As of 2005, the buildings are shared by the Russian Orthodox Church and the Moscow Literature Museum.

Structures[edit]

The monastery belltower and monastic cells, commissioned by the Naryshkins, were erected in the 1690s.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Vysokopetrovsky Monastery, Russian Orthodox Church's Department of religious education and catehization, in Russian

External links[edit]