Vysokopetrovsky Monastery

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Vysokopetrovsky Monastery
Vysokopetrovsky Monastery
Monastery information
OrderOrthodox
Established1317
Disestablished1918
DioceseMoscow
People
Founder(s)Saint Peter of Moscow
Architecture
StyleNaryshkin Baroque
Site
LocationMoscow, Russia
Coordinates55°46′02.0″N 37°36′54.0″E / 55.767222°N 37.615000°E / 55.767222; 37.615000Coordinates: 55°46′02.0″N 37°36′54.0″E / 55.767222°N 37.615000°E / 55.767222; 37.615000

Vysokopetrovsky Monastery (Russian: Высокопетровский монастырь, English: High Monastery of St Peter) is a Russian Orthodox monastery in the Bely Gorod area of Moscow, commanding a hill whence Petrovka Street descends towards the Kremlin.

The monastery is believed to have been founded around the 1320s by Saint Peter of Moscow, the first Russian metropolitan to have his see in Moscow.[1] The cloister gave its name to adjacent Petrovka Street, one of the streets radiating from Red Square.

The katholikon (main church) was one of the first rotundas in Russian architecture.

In the late 17th century, the Naryshkin boyars, maternal relatives of Peter the Great, turned the monastery into their family burial place. They had it reconstructed in the Naryshkin Baroque style of architecture associated with their name. In the mid-18th century, several subsidiary structures were added, possibly based on designs by Dmitry Ukhtomsky or Ivan Fyodorovich Michurin.

The katholikon, dedicated to St Peter of Moscow, was long regarded as a typical monument of the Naryshkin style and dated to 1692. In the 1970s, however, detailed studies of written sources and excavations of the site revealed that the katholikon actually had been built in 1514-1517 by Aloisio the New.[1]

After the monastery was closed down by the Soviet authorities in 1929, Archimandrite Bartholomew Remov arranged for the monks and nuns to continue their monastic life in secret at the Nativity Church at Putinki, where he was the Rector. The spiritual life of the monastery continued at Putinki until the NKVD was informed and arrested everyone involved in 1935.[2]

In 1992 several buildings of the monastery were returned to the Russian Orthodox Church.[1] As of 2005, the buildings are shared by the Russian Orthodox Church and the Moscow Literature Museum.

Structures[edit]

The monastery belltower and monastic cells, commissioned by the Naryshkins, were erected in the 1690s.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Vysokopetrovsky Monastery, Russian Orthodox Church's Department of religious education and catehization, in Russian
  2. ^ I.I. Osipova (2003), Hide Me Within Thy Wounds: The Persecution of the Catholic Church in the USSR from Material in Criminal Investigation and Labor Camp Files, Germans from Russia Heritage Collection. Fargo, North Dakota. Pages 43-45.

External links[edit]