In the education system of New Zealand, a wānanga is a publicly owned tertiary institution that provides education in a Māori cultural context. Section 162 of the New Zealand Education Act of 1989 specifies that wānanga resemble mainstream universities in many ways but expects them to be:
- "... characterised by teaching and research that maintains, advances, and disseminates knowledge and develops intellectual independence, and assists the application of knowledge regarding ahuatanga Maori (Maori tradition) according to tikanga Maori (Maori custom)."
Wānanga educational programmes, accredited through the New Zealand Qualifications Authority (NZQA) and through the Ministry of Education, are partly governed by New Zealand's Tertiary Education Commission (TEC). Wānanga offer certificates, diplomas, and bachelor-level degrees, with some wānanga providing programmes in specialized areas up to doctorate level.
Outside today's formal education system, the word wānanga in the Māori language traditionally conveys meanings related to highly-evolved knowledge, lore, occult arts, and also "forum" - in the sense of a discussion to arrive at deeper understanding.
- Te Wānanga o Aotearoa, founded in the 1980s, operating nationwide and headquartered in Te Awamutu
- Te Wānanga o Raukawa, founded in the 1980s and based in Otaki
- Te Whare Wānanga o Awanuiārangi, founded in 1991 and based in Whakatane
- Tribal colleges and universities – United States
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