Władysław Strzemiński

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Władysław Strzemiński (Belarusian: Уладыслаў Страмінскі; 21 November 1893, Minsk – 26 December 1952, Łódź) was a Polish avant-garde painter of international renown.

In 1920 he married Katarzyna Kobro.[1]

In 1922 he moved to Wilno (now Vilnius), and in the following year supported Vytautas Kairiūkštis in creating the first avant-garde art exhibition in what is now the territory of Lithuania (then under Polish rule).[2]

In November 1923 he moved to Warsaw, where with Henryk Berlewi he founded the constructivist group Blok.

During the 1920s he formulated his theory of Unism (Unizm in Polish). His Unistic paintings inspired the unistic musical compositions of the Polish composer Zygmunt Krauze. He is an author of a revolutionary book titled "The theory of vision." He was co creator of unique avant-garde art collection in Łódź gathered thanks to the enthusiasm of members of the “a.r.” group as Katarzyna Kobro, Henryk Stażewski (the artists) and Julian Przyboś and Jan Brzękowski (the poets).[3]

Neoplastic Room as reconstructed in 1960 by Bolesław Utkin, one of Strzemiński's students.

In postwar Łódź he was an instructor at the Higher School of Plastic Arts and Design .Neoplastic Room in Muzeum Sztuki in Łódź. where one of his students was Halina Ołomucki, survivor of the Nazi concentration camps.[4] His Neoplastic Room was installed in the Muzeum Sztuki in Łódź in 1948 but was removed in 1950 as it failed to fit in with the socialist realism aesthetic imposed by Włodzimierz Sokorski, the minister of culture of the Polish United Workers' Party.

His works have been exhibited in such museums around the world as Centre Pompidou[5], Museo Reina Sofia[6], Moderna Museet Malmö[7] and Whitechapel Gallery[8].

He is the subject of Afterimage (2016), the final film by Andrzej Wajda.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ładnowska, Janina (2001). "Katarzyna Kobro: A Sculptor of Space". Artibus et Historiae. 22 (43): 161, 167, 173.
  2. ^ Liutkus, Viktoras (2008). "Lithuanian Art and the Avant-Garde of the 1920s Vytautas Kairiūkštis and the New Art Exhibition in Vilnius". Lituanus. 54 (2). Retrieved 5 October 2015.
  3. ^ "Afterimages of life. Wladyslaw Strzeminski and rights for art", red: Jaroslaw Lubiak, Paulina Kur-Maj, 2011, Lodz
  4. ^ Halina Olomucki, website of the Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum. Retrieved 3 May 2012
  5. ^ "UNE AVANT-GARDE POLONAISE - KATARZYNA KOBRO ET WŁADYSŁAW STRZEMIŃSKI". Retrieved 2018-10-26.
  6. ^ "Kobro and Strzemiński. Avant-Garde Prototypes". Retrieved 2018-10-26.
  7. ^ "KOBRO & STRZEMIŃSKI NEW ART IN TURBULENT TIMES". Retrieved 2018-10-26.
  8. ^ "Adventures of the Black Square: Abstract Art and Society 1915 – 2015". Retrieved 2018-10-26.

Bibliography[edit]

  1. Władysław Strzemiński. Readability of Images. Proceedings of the international conference devoted to the work of Władysław Strzemiński, 13–14 October 2011, Muzeum Sztuki, Łódź 2015.
  2. Władysław Strzemiński 1893–1952. On the 100th Anniversary of His Birth, Muzeum Sztuki w Łodzi, Łódź 1993.

See also[edit]