W. W. Hansen
|William Webster Hansen|
|Born||May 27, 1909|
|Died||May 23, 1949 (aged 39)|
Palo Alto, California
|Alma mater||Stanford University|
|Known for||microwave electronics|
Hansen's father who was an immigrant from Denmark, was a hardware store owner in Fresno, California. He encouraged his son's early talent in mathematics and enthusiasm for electronics. He entered Stanford University at the age of 16, earning his B.A. in 1929 and his Ph.D. in 1933.
Hansen went on to become interested in the problem of accelerating electrons for X-ray experiments, using oscillating fields, rather than large static voltages. At the University of California, Berkeley, Ernest Lawrence and his assistant David H. Sloan, had worked on an accelerator driven by a resonant coil. Hansen proposed replacing the coil with a cavity resonator. In 1937, brothers Russel H. Varian and Sigurd F. Varian came to Stanford to work on the foundations of what was to become radar. Hansen exploited some of the Varian's work to develop the klystron and during the years 1937 to 1940, along with collaborators such as John R. Woodyard, founded the field of microwave electronics. In 1941, he moved his team to the Sperry Gyroscope Company where they spent the war years employing their expertise in radar applications and in other problems.  
Returning to Stanford in 1945 as a full professor, he embarked on the construction of a series of linear accelerators based on klystron technology and of GeV performance. Along with the Varian brothers and Edward Ginzton, he co-founded Varian Associates in 1948. Sadly, he was never to see the completion of the klystron project. He died at age 39 in Palo Alto, California of berylliosis and fibrosis of the lungs, caused by inhaling the beryllium used in his research. In 1947, the Hansen Experimental Physics Laboratory (HEPL) was founded as a facility at Stanford University. The facility is designed to promote interdisciplinary enterprises across different branches of science and was named in his honor. 
In October 1938, William Webster Hansen married Betsy Ross, who was the younger daughter of Perley Ason Ross, professor of physics at Stanford. Shortly after his death Betsy committed suicide. Their only child died six months after his birth during the fall of 1947. 
- IEEE Morris N. Liebmann Memorial Award of the Institute of Radio Engineers (1944)
- President's Certificate of Merit (1948)
- Member of the National Academy of Sciences (1949)
- "William Hansen". Array of Contemporary American Physicists. Retrieved December 20, 2015.
- 1920 Census. Fresno, CA
- Süsskind (1981)
- "Klystron tube". Stanford University. Retrieved December 20, 2015.
- Felix Bloch (1952). "William Hansen, Biographical Memoir". National Academy of Sciences. Retrieved December 20, 2015.
- Varian, D. (1983) The Inventor and the Pilot (Palo Alto: Pacific Books pp 255-256)
- "Century at Stanford: 50 years ago". Stanford Magazine. July–August 2003. Retrieved 2007-08-12.
- "Edward L. Ginzton, Biography". Engineering and Technology History Wiki. 22 July 2014. Retrieved December 20, 2015.
- "A Brief History of HEPL". Stanford University. Retrieved December 20, 2015.
- "William Webster Hansen: Co-Inventor of the Klystron Tube". Electro.Patent-Invent.com. 2006. Retrieved 2007-08-12.
- New York Times, 24 May 1949
- Proceedings of the Institute of Radio Engineers, 37 (1949), 910
- Bloch, Felix (1952). "William Webster Hansen, 1909-1949". Biographical Memoirs of the National Academy of Sciences. 27: 121–137.
- Süsskind, C. "Hansen, William Webster" in Gillespie, C.C. (ed.) (1981). Dictionary of Scientific Biography. New York: Charles Screibner's Sons. pp. 495–496. ISBN 0-684-16970-3.
- Varian, Dorothy (1983). The Inventor and the Pilot: Russell and Sigurd Varian. Palo Alto: Pacific Books. ISBN 978-0870152375.
- Wilson, R. R.; Littauer, R. (1960). Accelerators: Machines of Nuclear Physics. New York City: Doubleday & Company.
- Ginzton, Edward L. (1975). "The $100 idea". IEEE Spectrum: Feb. 30–39.
- Bloch, F.; Hansen, W. W.; Packard, Martin (1 February 1946). "Nuclear Induction". Physical Review. 69: 127. Bibcode:1946PhRv...69..127B. doi:10.1103/PhysRev.69.127.
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: W. W. Hansen|
- "Klystron Tube". An Instroduction to Stanford. 2006. Archived from the original on 2007-06-07. Retrieved 2007-08-12.
- "John R. Woodyard and William W. Hansen talking, equipment". Emilio Segrè Visual Archives. Archived from the original on 2007-12-22. Retrieved 2007-08-12.
- Memorial Resolution-William Webster Hansen
- William Webster Hansen Papers
- W. W. Hansen Experimental Physics Laboratory (HEPL)