W. & L. E. Gurley Building
W. & L. E. Gurley Building
View from southwest, 2008
|Architectural style||Classical Revival|
|NRHP Reference #||70000432|
|Added to NRHP||March 5, 1970|
|Designated NHL||May 4, 1983|
The W. & L. E. Gurley Building, in Troy, New York, United States, is a classical revival structure that housed the W. & L. E. Gurley Company, a maker of precision measuring instruments, from its construction in 1862.
The Julius Hanks foundry was purchased by the W. & L. E. Gurley Company in 1852, and was destroyed in the Great Troy Fire of 1862. The W. & L. E. Gurley Building was built in "an amazing feat of construction" in just 8 months to replace the previous building. Originally, the first floor space was used for retail with the third and fourth floors leased to other manufacturers. Gradually, Gurley expanded to use the entire buildings.
The company, run by William Gurley and his brother, Lewis Ephraim, were leaders in the field and published a regularly updated manual of instruments and their operations and were engaged in producing military products for the American Civil War, which included "brass fuse-plugs for naval projectiles and an improved type of brass trimming for saddle trees." In the 1960s, the company was acquired by Teledyne Company, and was sold again in 1993 and continues as Gurley Precision Instruments today.
The building was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1983. The building is currently rented by Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, and houses its Lighting Research Center, which moved there in 2000, and a few acoustics labs associated with the school of architecture. Gurley Precision Instruments still occupies the first floor of the building and the entire building directly across the street.
It is located on Fulton Street between 5th and Union Streets in Troy.
The building is a four-story red brick building, U-shaped around a small courtyard. A foundry was at ground level on the north side of the courtyard. The building’s foundation is made of stone with brick bearing walls and cast-iron interior columns. The building’s classical revival exterior includes arched doors and windows with semicircular brick arches and hoodmoulds. Entrances are asymmetrical with the main entrance located on Fulton Street.
Originally, the first floor space was used for retail with the third and fourth floors leased to other manufacturers. Gradually, Gurley expanded to use the entire buildings.
- Staff (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "W. & L.E. Gurley Building". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. 2007-09-23.
- George R. Adams (November 1977). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: W. & L.E. Gurley Building" (pdf). National Park Service. and PDF (1.53 MB)
- "National Register of Historic Places Inventory - Nomination Form" (PDF). United States Department of the Interior: National Park Service. 1970. Retrieved 3 February 2016.
- "W. & L.E. Gurley Building HAER No. NY-13". Historic American Engineering Record. 1969. Retrieved 2008-01-16.
- "Lighting Research Center: New Light For Historic Gurley Building". Rensselaer Magazine. 2000. Retrieved 2008-02-04.
- Gurley Precision, at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
- Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) No. NY-13, "W. & L. E. Gurley Building", 6 photos, 11 data pages