W. Ann Reynolds
Wynetka Ann Reynolds (born 1938) is a zoologist and university administrator who has served as provost of the Ohio State University (1979–1982), chancellor of the California State University (CSU) system (1982–1990), chancellor of the City University of New York (CUNY) (1990–1997), and president of the University of Alabama at Birmingham (1997–2002). She is the only person to have headed two (CSU and CUNY) of the three largest systems of higher education in the United States. The universities she has led account for 6 of the top 10 U.S. schools in upward mobility for their students.
Early life and education
Wynetka Ann King was born in 1938 in Coffeyville, Kansas. Her father, John E. King, was a Presbyterian missionary, and she spent her early years on Indian reservations in Oklahoma and Arizona. She earned a B.S. degree at Emporia State University in 1958, and M.A. (1960) and Ph.D. (1962) degrees in zoology from the University of Iowa.
Reynolds began teaching in the College of Medicine at the University of Illinois in 1965, where she also conducted research on embryonic and fetal development, child nutrition, and pancreatic disease. She was named Dean of the Graduate College at the University of Illinois Medical Center in 1972 and served until 1979. She was named provost at Ohio State University in 1979 and stayed for three years.
California State University (1982–1990)
In 1982 Reynolds was designated chancellor of the California State University system, replacing Glenn S. Dumke, who had held the job for twenty years, most of the life of the CSU system. Although her term was generally successful, she was forced to resign in 1990 when the system trustees questioned the substantial pay raises she had given herself, other top executives, and campus presidents. In addition, several trustees were displeased with a rule that she had put in place shortly before being forced to resign that required campus presidents who were 65 years of age or older to retire.
Among those campus presidents forced to retire before this rule was rescinded were Jewel Plummer Cobb at California State University, Fullerton and Ellis E. McCune at Cal State Hayward (now California State University, East Bay). Ironically, the CSU Board of Trustees appointed McCune interim Chancellor while a search for Reynold's replacement was conducted.
City University of New York (1990–1997)
When Reynolds became the chancellor of the City University of New York (CUNY) in 1990, the system's open enrollment policy had been the subject of debate for two decades. Reynolds defended open enrollment, and also worked to develop stronger college preparatory courses before students entered CUNY – which resulted in applicants with stronger academic records. Reynold's effort to introduce academic coordination among campuses and reduce duplicated programs was less successful, and provoked resistance from faculty and administrators. She angered mayor Rudolph W. Giuliani by attempting to relieve students on welfare from workfare requirements. She removed Leonard Jeffries as chairman of the black studies department at City College after he made anti-Semitic comments.
In 1994 critics charged she spent too much time serving on the boards of five companies; Reynolds replied corporate contacts strengthened CUNY. According to The New York Times, when she left CUNY in 1997, she had a reputation as a "hard-charging, sometimes tyrannical administrator who can be utterly charming but also short-tempered and brusque."
University of Alabama at Birmingham (1997–2003)
In 1997 Reynolds was named president of the University of Alabama at Birmingham, where she established successful capital campaigns and new programs in arts, math and science to develop local teens into college-bound students. Despite having one of the highest salaries as president in the country, she continued to serve on several corporate boards, resulting in frequent absences from the university, a practice different from her predecessors and successors.
In 2003, Reynolds claimed she was forced out of the presidency because of gender and age, and filed a federal discrimination complaint. She charged that system chancellor Thomas C. Meredith treated her "in a demeaning and sexist manner," including having her stand in line in the rain to buy theater tickets for him, restricting her contact with board members, and after firing her in 2002, offering her a retirement package less than those offered to other outgoing presidents. She accepted a one-year position as director of the university's Center for Community Outreach and Development from 2002 to 2003.
Books by W. Ann Reynolds
- with Gary Parker and Rex Reynolds, DNA: The Key to Life (1966; Longman, 1975)
- with Gary Parker, Mitosis and Meiosis (1966; Dearborn Trade Publishing, 1979)
- Beauty in the Bureaucracy, the David Dodds Henry lecture (Springfield: University of Illinois, 1998), 30 pp.
- Aisch, Gregor. "Some Colleges Have More Students From the Top 1 Percent Than the Bottom 60. Find Yours". New York Times. Retrieved January 19, 2017.
- Michael Lev (June 2, 1990). "Chancellor Faces Test: Wynetka Ann Reynolds". The New York Times. Retrieved November 17, 2008.
- "W. Ann Reynolds". Forbes.com. 2008. Retrieved November 17, 2008.
- AP (April 21, 1990). "Cal State Chancellor Quits in Dispute over Raises". The New York Times. Retrieved November 18, 2008.
- "Events in the news this week". Los Angeles Times. July 29, 1990.
- Lindgren, Kristina (July 28, 1990). "Cobb's Cal State Legacy: Minority, Campus Growth". Los Angeles Times.
- Trombley, William (July 21, 1991). "A Troubled Cal State Called, and He Answered : Education: The 20-campus system's relations with unions and legislators were turbulent when Ellis E. McCune was picked to restore calm. The acting chancellor steps down this month". Los Angeles Times.
- Karen W. Arenson (Sep 15, 1997). "After 7 Turbulent Years at City University, Chancellor Leaves Today". The New York Times. Retrieved November 17, 2008. Unknown parameter
- "W. Ann Reynolds sues Alabama for ouster," Women in Higher Education, July 1, 2003.
Glenn S. Dumke
| 3rd Chancellor of the
California State University System