W. D. Caroe

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W. D. Caroe
St David's Church, Exeter (1897 - 1900)

William Douglas Caroe (1857 – 1938) was a British architect, particularly of churches.

Early life[edit]

He was educated at Ruabon and Trinity College, Cambridge, graduating BA in 1879.[1] Caroe was articled to John Loughborough Pearson[2] who wrote the article on Pearson in the Encyclopædia Britannica, (11th ed., 1911).

His father, Anders Kruuse Caroe, was the Danish Consul in Liverpool. His sons, Alban and Olaf, were also architects.


Cardiff University main building
No. 1 Millbank, built for the Church Commissioners (1903)

He became known as "a consummate master of building according to medieval precedent". The firm he founded, Caroe & Partners, still flourishes, specialising in ecclesiastical architecture, especially the restoration of historic churches.

Although Caroe primarily made his name in church architecture, he was also the architect for the Main Building of Cardiff University, inspired by his alma mater Trinity College.[3]

His own country house, "Vann" in Hambledon, Surrey, was featured on the TV series The Curious House Guest in 2006. "Vann" is open on National Gardens Scheme days and by appointment.


  1. ^ "Caröe, William [Douglas] (CRW875WD)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  2. ^ "Caröe, William Douglas". Who's Who, 59: p. 296. 1907. 
  3. ^ "Main Building Centenary Profile: Grand Designs". Cardiff University. Retrieved 28 October 2014. 


External links[edit]