William Greenough Thayer Shedd
In 1835, Shedd enrolled at the University of Vermont, and became a protégé of UVM president James Marsh. Under the influence of his mentor, Shedd was deeply affected by the thought of Samuel Taylor Coleridge and Transcendentalism. He graduated from UVM in 1839 and taught school for one year, during which time he began to attend the Presbyterian church. Being called to the ministry, Shedd entered Andover Theological Seminary in 1840 and studied under theologian Leonard Woods. He graduated in 1843.
After a short pastorate at Brandon, Vermont, he was successively professor of English literature at the University of Vermont (1845–1852), professor of sacred rhetoric in Auburn Theological Seminary (1852–1854), professor of church history in Andover Theological Seminary (1854–1862), and, after one year (1862–1863) as associate pastor of the Brick Church of New York City, of sacred literature (1863–1874) and of systematic theology (1874–1890) in Union Theological Seminary. He died in New York City on November 17, 1894.
Dr. Shedd was a high Calvinist and was one of the greatest systematic theologians of the American Presbyterian church. His great work was Dogmatic Theology (3 vols, 1888–1894). He served as editor of Coleridge's Complete Works (7 vols, New York, 1894), and he also wrote:
- Lectures on the Philosophy of History (1856), in which he applied to history the doctrine of organic evolution
- Discourses and Essays (1856)
- A Manual of Church History (2 vols, 1857), a translation of Guericke
- A History of Christian Doctrine (2 vols, 1863)
- Homiletics and Pastoral Theology (1867)
- Sermons to the Natural Man (1871)
- Theological Essays (1877)
- Literary Essays (1878)
- Commentary on the Epistle to the Romans (1879)
- Sermons to the Spiritual Man (1884)
- The Doctrine of Endless Punishment (1885)
- [Dogmatic Theology, ed. by Alan Gomes. Phillipsburg, NJ: P&R, 2003. p.16]
- [Gomes, 17-18]
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Shedd, William Greenough Thayer". Encyclopædia Britannica. 24 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 817.
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