W85 heavy machine gun
| W-85 |
QJC-88 vehicle mounted machine gun
|Type||Heavy machine gun|
|Place of origin||China|
|In service||Late 1980's|
|Used by||See Users|
|Wars||War in Darfur|
Northern Mali conflict
Syrian Civil War
Libyan Civil War
Iraqi Civil War
Yemeni Civil War
|Mass||18.5 kg (40.79 lb) (gun only) |
17.5 kg (38.58 lb) (tripod)
|Rate of fire||550-600 rounds/min|
|Muzzle velocity||850 m/s (2,788 ft/s)|
The W-85 heavy machine gun or QJC-88 vehicle mounted heavy machine gun is a gas-operated heavy machine gun designed in the People's Republic of China. It fires the Soviet-designed 12.7×108mm round. The W-85 was never accepted into the PLA service in its original configuration, only adopted as vehicle mounted machine gun as the QJC-88.
Another similar named Type 85 heavy machine gun, was adopted as the standard infantry heavy machine gun in the PLA.
The W85 was designed to be as light as possible for infantry use. Its small receiver is of generally rectangular cross-section and it has a thick gas tube below the barrel containing a conventional gas piston. In addition to iron sights it has rails for optics or anti-aircraft sights. It fires 12.7×108mm rounds from belts and is more accurate than the Type 54 heavy machine gun, but the thinner barrel overheats faster.
Although the W-85 in its tripod, original configuration was not accepted into Chinese service, years later a variant was adopted called the QJC-88. The QJC-88 was introduced as a pintle mounted machine gun for tanks and armored vehicles. It weighs the same, is solenoid fired, and is mounted on a special cradle allowing for elevation angles of -5 to +65°.
- Type 99 tank: as commander heavy machine gun.
- Type 96 tank: as commander heavy machine gun.
- Type 15 tank: as commander heavy machine gun on a remote weapon station.
- Type 05: on armored personal carrier variant.
- Type 08: on various comigrations, such as ZSL-10 APC, ZTL-11 assault vehicle, and Type 08 Artillery Reconnaissance Vehicle.
- PLL-05: as commander heavy machine gun.
- Type 89 AFV: on various comigrations as the self-defense weapon.
- Libya: Libyan National Army
- Rwanda: Used by Rwandan peacekeepers in Darfur.
- South Sudan: South Sudan Democratic Movement
- Sri Lanka
- Sudan: Manufactured locally as Khawad.
- Syria
- Iraq: Turning a blind eye: The arming of the Popular Mobilization Units (PDF) (Report). Amnesty International. 5 January 2017. p. 25. MDE 14/5386/2017.
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