Epoch J2000 Equinox J2000
|Right ascension||09h 20m 24.7144s|
|Declination||+33° 52′ 56.700″|
|Apparent magnitude (V)||10.42|
|Spectral type||G1 V|
|Radial velocity (Rv)||9.36 km/s|
|Proper motion (μ)|| RA: 2.155±0.079 mas/yr |
Dec.: −20.319±0.073 mas/yr
|Parallax (π)||4.3670 ± 0.0588 mas|
|Distance||750 ± 10 ly |
(229 ± 3 pc)
|Surface gravity (log g)||4.04 ± 0.2 cgs|
|Metallicity [Fe/H]||0 ± 0.2 dex|
|Rotational velocity (v sin i)||< 4.9 km/s|
WASP-13 is a star in the Lynx constellation. The star is similar, in terms of metallicity and mass, to the Sun, although it is hotter and most likely older. The star was first observed in 1997, according to the SIMBAD database, and was targeted by SuperWASP after the star was observed by one of the SuperWASP telescopes beginning in 2006. Follow-up observations on the star led to the discovery of planet WASP-13b in 2008; the discovery paper was published in 2009.
According to SIMBAD, WASP-13 was first observed in 1997, when it was catalogued by astronomers measuring the proper motion of stars in regions of the sky where galaxies are detected. Between November 27, 2006, and April 1, 2007, the SuperWASP-North telescope in the Canary Islands observed WASP-13; analysis of the data suggested that a planet could be in the orbit of the star.
Follow-up observations were conducted by a team of British, Spanish, French, Swiss and American astronomers using the photometer on the James Gregory Telescope in Scotland; using visual comparisons to the nearby bright star HD 80408, the star's light curve was better defined. In combination with measurements of WASP-13's spectrum measured using the SOPHIE échelle spectrograph at the Haute-Provence Observatory in France, the star's radial velocity was also discovered. The Fibre-Fed Echelle Spectrograph on the Nordic Optical Telescope gathered additional measurements of WASP-13's spectrum, allowing astronomers to determine WASP-13's characteristics. Use of SOPHIE's data led to the discovery of the planet WASP-13b in 2008; the planet was reported in 2009.
Based on SIMBAD's archive, WASP-13 was included in ten more papers between its discovery and 2010.
WASP-13 is a sunlike, G-type star that is situated approximately 230 parsecs (750 light years) in the Lynx constellation. With an apparent magnitude of 10.42, the star cannot be seen with the unaided eye from the perspective of someone on Earth. The star's effective temperature, at 5,911 K, is slightly hotter than that of the Sun, and the radius of 1.58 R☉ is also larger, leading to a bolometric luminosity of 2.731 L☉. However, its metallicity is similar; this can be seen in how the logarithm of the concentration of iron, or [Fe/H], is approximately 0. WASP-13 has a mass of 1.03 M☉ and the logarithm of its surface gravity is measured at 4.04 cgs, while the rate at which it rotates is at most 4.9 km/s.
The evolutionary status of WASP-13, as shown from its position in the Hertsprung-Russel diagram is near the main sequence turnoff, and it is considered very close to exhausting its core hydrogen and becoming a subgiant. Comparison with theoretical isochrones and stars with accurately-determined ages gives an age for WASP-13 of around 5.1 Gyr. Earlier estimates had given an older age, but with a very large uncertainty.
WASP-13b is a planet that orbits its host star at a distance of 0.0527 AU, or approximately 5.27% of the mean distance between the Earth and Sun. The planet completes an orbit every 4.35298 days, or approximately 4 days and 8.5 hours. WASP-13b's estimated mass is 0.46 times the mass of Jupiter, while its radius is about 1.21 times that of the planet.
(in order from star)
|4.353011 (± 1.3e-05)||(0)||—||—|
- Brown, A. G. A.; et al. (Gaia collaboration) (August 2018). "Gaia Data Release 2: Summary of the contents and survey properties". Astronomy & Astrophysics. 616. A1. arXiv:1804.09365. Bibcode:2018A&A...616A...1G. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201833051. Gaia DR2 record for this source at VizieR.
- Skillen, I.; et al. (2009). "The 0.5Mj transiting exoplanet WASP-13b". Astronomy and Astrophysics. 502 (1): 391–394. arXiv:0905.3115. Bibcode:2009A&A...502..391S. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/200912018.
- Ehrenreich, D.; Désert, J.-M. (2011). "Mass-loss rates for transiting exoplanets". Astronomy & Astrophysics. 529: A136. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201016356.
- Jean Schneider (2009). "Notes for star WASP-13". Extrasolar Planets Encyclopedia. Archived from the original on 5 May 2011. Retrieved 28 May 2011.
- Fossati, L.; et al. (2015). "Far-UV Spectroscopy of the Planet-hosting Star WASP-13: High-energy Irradiance, Distance, Age, Planetary Mass-loss Rate, and Circumstellar Environment". Astrophysical Journal. 815 (2). 118. arXiv:1512.00552. Bibcode:2015ApJ...815..118F. doi:10.1088/0004-637X/815/2/118.
- "SIMBAD query result". SIMBAD. Centre de données astronomiques de Strasbourg. 2010. Retrieved 6 June 2011.
- "WASP-13". 2019. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
- "NameExoWorlds". 2019. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
- "IAU UK Exoworld Naming Competition". 2019. Retrieved 6 September 2019.