|Broadcast area||Greater Cleveland
Cleveland's Christmas Station (late Nov.-Dec.)
|Frequency||102.1 MHz (also on HD Radio)|
|First air date||October 4, 1954|
Christmas music (late Nov.-Dec.)
|Former callsigns||WDOK-FM (1954–1965)|
(sale to Entercom pending)
(CBS Radio Stations Inc.)
|Sister stations||WKRK-FM, WNCX, WQAL|
WDOK (102.1 FM) – branded as Star 102 – is a commercial adult contemporary radio station licensed to Cleveland, Ohio. Owned by CBS Radio, the station serves Greater Cleveland and much of surrounding Northeast Ohio. The WDOK studios are located at the Halle Building in Downtown Cleveland, while the station transmitter resides in the Cleveland suburb of Parma. Besides a standard analog transmission, WDOK broadcasts over two HD Radio channels, and is available online.
The station began as WDOK-FM on October 4, 1954 by simulcasting its sister station, WDOK. Eventually, WDOK-FM originated its own programming and featured a beautiful music format. On December 12, 1965, WDOK (AM) changed its callsign to WIXY and adopted a Top 40 format; WDOK-FM itself changed its call sign to WDOK. The station was branded Stereo Cleveland, with the slogan "Beautiful Music for the Lands of the Western Reserve." Station personalities and voice overs included Wayne Mack, the founder of WDOK's beautiful music format and producer of the many memorable monthly odes and station breaks that he composed and set to music, Ken Nordine (the famous voice of Word Jazz who is still alive in his 90's), Tom Armstrong, previously the morning host at WGAR AM in the 1940s and 50s; and David Mark, who also worked for Cleveland market "beautiful music" stations WQAL, WKSW, WJW (AM), and WDBN. The station was programmed by Peter Irmiter and Neil Hershberger after they went live. Prior to that Wayne Mack personally selected and blended all the gorgeous, beautiful music that they aired, featuring Clebanoff, Mantovani, Roger Williams, Jerry Vale and hundreds more. Interestingly, one of the owners in that period decided (after some absurd study) that female vocals were taboo. That was unfortunate as previously, Wayne had incorporated the most gorgeous Ella Fitzgerald recordings from Like Someone in Love, Hello Love and Hello Dolly... all arranged by Frank Devol, as well as selections by Gogi Grant, Connie Francis and Sarah Vaughan.
By the 1980s, WDOK had come under common ownership with WWWE; both stations were sold on November 30, 1987 by Lake Erie Radio Company, owned by Art Modell and Al Lerner, to the Independent Group Limited partnership, owned by Tom Embrescia, Larry Pollock, and Tom Wilson.
Soft Rock 102.1
By the mid-1980s, WDOK's beautiful music format had brightened to a more contemporary flavor, with more vocals being played and the vocals being by "soft rock" artists such as James Taylor and Elton John. Ratings remained high, but the format attracted mostly older listeners in advertiser-unfriendly demographics and not the younger audiences courted by advertisers, and so WDOK made the final and complete switch to an adult contemporary format in 1987 with Sue Wilson as program director. The station promoted its new AC format with TV commercials announcing that it was "coming out of the elevator" (as in "elevator music"). WDOK initially positioned itself as a soft AC, midway between beautiful music (which continued for a few more years on WQAL) and the mainstream AC format played on WLTF and WMJI, but eventually the format evolved into the "soft rock" approach.
New 102/Star 102
On January 9, 2012, WDOK debuted a new and more up tempo playlist (going from soft AC to more mainstream AC), re-branding themselves as The New 102 complete with new logo and imaging. On November 13, 2012, WDOK moved from its longtime studio home at One Radio Lane, off East Saint Clair Avenue in Downtown Cleveland, to the Halle Building on Euclid Avenue, also Downtown. Sister station WQAL joined WDOK in the move; as a result, all four Cleveland CBS Radio stations are now located in the same building.
On December 19, 2012, longtime WDOK morning host "Trapper" Jack Elliot announced that the station had opted not to renew the contracts of both he and cohost Jim McIntyre, much to the dismay of many listeners.
On April 3, 2015, WDOK rebranded as Star 102.
- WebMasters, Mike Olszewski (2002-03-04). "Cleveland, Ohio Broadcast Radio Archives Project". Cleve-radio.com. Retrieved 2013-04-10.
- http://hdradio.com/station_guides/widget.php?id=70 HD Guide for Cleveland
- "Cleveland's New 102". New102.cbslocal.com. 2013-04-06. Retrieved 2013-04-10.
- "New 102 Is Moving Tomorrow, Kory Remembers One Radio Lane « Cleveland's New 102". New102.cbslocal.com. 2012-11-12. Retrieved 2013-04-10.
- "Trapper Jack Elliott, Jim McIntyre cut from WDOK". WKYC-TV. 2012-12-19. Retrieved 2013-07-24.
- "Cleveland's New 102 Becomes Christmas 102". AllAccess.com. All Access Media Group. November 14, 2014. Retrieved December 8, 2014.
- "WDOK Flips To All Christmas Music". AllAccess.com. All Access Media Group. November 21, 2013. Retrieved December 8, 2014.
- "WDOK Brings The Holidays To Cleveberg". AllAccess.com. All Access Media Group. November 17, 2011. Retrieved December 8, 2014.
- "WDOK Flips To Christmas Music". AllAccess.com. All Access Media Group. November 22, 2010. Retrieved December 8, 2014.
- Venta, Lance (April 3, 2015). "WDOK Cleveland Rebrands As Star 102". RadioInsight.com. Radio BB Networks. Retrieved April 3, 2015.
- "Jeremiah :: Afternoons 3:00 PM – 7:00 PM « Cleveland's New 102". New102.cbslocal.com. Retrieved 2014-08-18.
- "Jen Toohey & Tim Richards Reunite As 'Jen And Tim In The Morning' « Cleveland's New 102". New102.cbslocal.com. 2013-02-14. Retrieved 2013-04-10.
- "Stations | More Music. More Stations. More Features. Digital Sound. No Subscription". HD Radio. Retrieved 2013-04-10.