24-Hour News 8 (newscasts)
|Slogan||Today, Tomorrow, Always. (primary)
There Whenever You're Ready for News (news)
|Channels||Digital: 9 (VHF)
Virtual: 8 (PSIP)
|Subchannels||8.1 The CW
8.3 Justice Network
|Translators||WIIH-CD 17 (UHF) Indianapolis
WNDY-TV 23.3 (UHF) Marion
(sale to Nexstar Broadcasting Group pending)
(Indiana Broadcasting, LLC)
|First air date||July 1, 1954|
|Call letters' meaning||Pronounced as wish
(as in making a wish)
|Former channel number(s)||Analog:
8 (VHF, 1954–2009)
|Transmitter power||22.8 kW (main signal)
15 kW (fill-in translator)
|Height||284 m (main signal)
190.5 m (fill-in translator)
|Public license information:||Profile
WISH-TV, virtual channel 8 (VHF digital channel 9), is a CW-affiliated television station located in Indianapolis, Indiana, United States. The station is owned by Media General, as part of a duopoly with MyNetworkTV affiliate WNDY-TV (channel 23). The two stations share studio facilities located on North Meridian Street (at the north end of the Television Row section) on the near north side of Indianapolis; WISH-TV maintains transmitter facilities located on Walnut Drive in the Augusta section of the city's northwest side (near Meridian Hills).
WISH-TV's studios also serve as a master control hub and house some internal operations for Media General's fifteen other owned and/or operated television stations in the Midwestern U.S. (WANE-TV/Fort Wayne, WLFI-TV/Lafayette, WTHI-TV/Terre Haute, WOOD-TV-WOTV-WXSP-CD/Grand Rapids-Kalamazoo, WDTN-WBDT/Dayton, WKBN-TV-WYTV-WYFX-LD/Youngstown) and two former LIN stations now owned by Sinclair Broadcast Group in the process of being re-hubbed to SBG (WLUK-TV-WCWF/Green Bay), in addition to handling traffic, accounting services and some programming responsibilities for the Media General stations previously owned by WISH's longtime former owner LIN Media.
On cable, WISH-TV is available on Bright House Networks channel 3, Comcast Xfinity channel 7 and AT&T U-verse channel 8 in standard definition and Xfinity digital channel 708, and Bright House Networks and AT&T U-verse channel 1008 in high definition.
- 1 History
- 2 Digital television
- 3 Programming
- 4 News operation
- 5 References
- 6 External links
The station first signed on the air at 6:00 p.m. on July 1, 1954. Founded by C. Bruce McConnell – owner of radio station WISH/1310 (now WTLC) – it was the third television station to sign on in the Indianapolis market, after WFBM-TV (channel 6, now WRTV), which signed on in May 1949 and Bloomington-licensed WTTV (channel 10, now on channel 4), which signed on six months later in November 1949. WISH-TV originally operated as a primary ABC affiliate with a secondary affiliation with the DuMont Television Network. The station also carried several CBS and NBC programs that WFBM-TV and WTTV respectively declined to carry. WISH-TV originally transmitted its signal from a tower it shared with WISH radio; the following year, the station constructed a 1,000 feet (300 m) transmitter tower, which allowed the station to improve its signal coverage in the market.
As a CBS affiliate
In 1956, McConnell sold the station to the Indiana Broadcasting Company, the broadcasting subsidiary of J.H. Whitney & Company and owners of WANE-TV in Fort Wayne. The new owners persuaded CBS to move its programming to channel 8, taking that affiliation from WFBM. Conversely that same year, WISH-TV lost the ABC affiliation to WTTV; this resulted in WLBC-TV, channel 49 (whose allocation is now occupied by PBS member station WIPB in Muncie) serving as the de facto ABC affiliate for the northern part of the market as WTTV's signal did not extend very far north outside of Indianapolis's northern suburbs as its transmitter was located farther south than the market's other stations. Also in 1956, WISH became one of the first television stations in the United States to install a videotape machine.
Indiana Broadcasting became the Corinthian Broadcasting Corporation in 1957, with WISH-TV serving as the company's flagship station. Corinthian merged with Dun & Bradstreet in 1971. Dun & Bradstreet sold its entire broadcasting unit to the Belo Corporation in February 1984. However, the merger put Belo two stations over the television ownership limits that the Federal Communications Commission had in effect at the time. As a result, the company sold WISH-TV and WANE to LIN Broadcasting (the predecessor of LIN Media) the following month in March 1984. LIN was headquartered in Indianapolis for many years, with WISH-TV serving as that company's flagship television property; the company eventually moved its headquarters to Providence, Rhode Island in the late 1990s, resulting in WPRI-TV replacing WISH as LIN's flagship station. In 1995, the station relocated its transmitter to a new tower built in the Augusta section of Indianapolis.
In 2002, WISH-TV began handling the master control operations of WANE-TV and fellow sister station WLFI in Lafayette. The hub expanded to include the Buffalo duopoly of WIVB-TV and WNLO in October, with other LIN-owned stations gradually being added to the WISH hub by the summer of 2003.
LIN later acquired low-power independent station W11BV (channel 11, now WIIH-CD channel 17 and a fill-in translator for WISH-TV) in 1992. On February 10, 2005, the Paramount Stations Group subsidiary of Viacom sold UPN affiliate WNDY-TV (channel 23, now a MyNetworkTV affiliate) as well as its Columbus sister station WWHO to LIN TV for $85 million, creating a duopoly with WISH-TV when the sale was finalized that spring. On May 18, 2007, the LIN TV Corporation announced that it was exploring strategic alternatives that could have resulted in the sale of the company.
On September 15, 2008, LIN and Time Warner Cable entered into an impasse during negotiations to renew retransmission consent deals for some of the group's television stations. Bright House Networks, one of two major cable providers serving Indianapolis, negotiates retransmission consent contracts through Time Warner Cable. LIN TV requested compensation for carriage of its stations in a manner similar to the deals that cable networks have with pay television providers, as other broadcast station owners began to seek compensation from cable and satellite providers for their programming. The carriage agreement with Bright House expired on October 2. By 12:35 a.m. on October 3, LIN's television stations were replaced on Time Warner Cable systems in markets where the group owns stations and where either provider operates systems with programming from other cable channels. LIN's stations (with the exception of WIIH-CA) were restored 23 days later on October 26 through a new carriage agreement reached between Time Warner Cable and LIN TV.
Affiliation switch with WTTV
On August 11, 2014, Tribune Broadcasting announced that CW affiliate WTTV would become the market's CBS affiliate on January 1, 2015, as part of an agreement that also renewed the CBS affiliations on Tribune-owned stations in five other markets. The deal, which resulted in the end of WISH-TV's 58-year relationship with CBS, was reportedly struck as a result of WISH station management balking at the network's demands for sharing of retransmission consent revenue from its affiliates. This marked the second time in Indianapolis television history that WTTV took an affiliation from WISH, the first being ABC in 1956.
As the other major broadcast networks had existing affiliation deals with other area stations (WRTV's ABC affiliation was up for renewal around this time, though the E. W. Scripps Company reached a deal to allow WRTV and nine of the company's other stations to remain with ABC the day prior to the announcement), WISH announced on December 11, 2014 that it would become an independent station upon losing CBS, filling timeslots previously occupied by network shows with additional newscasts and an expanded inventory of syndicated talk shows, newsmagazines and sitcoms, including some shows relocated from sister station WNDY-TV to make up for the loss of CBS daytime and late-night programs on channel 8's schedule and a national news program from TouchVision (the latter of which was later replaced with an additional half-hour of the station's morning newscast, Daybreak, on July 13, 2015) to serve as a replacement for the CBS Morning News.
However, on December 22, Tribune announced that it would sell the market's CW affiliation to Media General – the deal occurred three days after the completion of the company's merger with LIN. As a result, WISH became a CW affiliate, in effect switching affiliations with WTTV and preventing a situation in which The CW, which WTTV originally planned on carrying over its second digital subchannel (which had previously been affiliated with This TV prior to December 2014), would be relegated to the lower digital subchannel tier on local cable systems and probable subjection to non-carriage by satellite providers for months until carriage agreements were struck. The loss of WISH's CBS affiliation also affected the Media General-LIN merger, with the purchase price being lowered by $110 million in stock, though no other factors were affected.
The station's programming model since joining The CW has evolved to resemble that of fellow CW affiliate WGN-TV in the nearby Chicago market (which is owned by and is the flagship station of WTTV parent Tribune Broadcasting, and had itself been stripped of its CBS affiliation when the network purchased WBBM-TV in 1953) – as it has incorporated local and regional sports events through various programming agreements to make up for the loss of CBS Sports content following CBS' move to WTTV, in addition to relying heavily on local newscasts to fill time periods not occupied by CW network and syndicated programming. As it had done throughout most of its tenure with CBS, the station has limited the incorporation of network branding as a CW affiliate – choosing to brand itself by its call letters (or alternately "WISH-TV, Channel 8"), rather than as "CW 8" under The CW's branding guidelines for its owned-and-operated stations and affiliates (which, like most of the other broadcast television networks that have launched starting with the debut of Fox in 1986, is usually stricter with station branding in comparison with CBS); however, WISH does utilize an alternate version of its existing logo (which has been used by the station since 1997) with the CW logomark augmented to its left for promotional purposes.
Sale to Nexstar
On September 8, 2015, Media General announced that it would acquire the Des Moines, Iowa-based Meredith Corporation for $2.4 billion with the intention to name the combined group Meredith Media General once the sale is finalized. However on September 28, Irving, Texas-based Nexstar Broadcasting Group made an unsolicited cash-and-stock merger offer for Media General, originally valued at $14.50 per share. On November 16, following opposition to the merger with Meredith by minority shareholders Oppenheimer Holdings and Starboard Capital (primarily because Meredith's magazine properties were included in the deal, which would have re-entered Media General into publishing after it sold its newspapers to BH Media in 2012 to reduce debt) and the rejection of Nexstar's initial offer by company management, Media General agreed to enter into negotiations with Nexstar on a suitable counter deal, while the Meredith merger proposal remained active; the two eventually concluded negotiations on January 6, 2016, reaching a merger agreement for valued at $17.14 per share (an evaluation of $4.6 billion, plus the assumption of $2.3 billion debt).
On January 27, Meredith formally broke off the proposed merger with Media General and accepted the termination fee of $60 million previously negotiated under the original merger proposal; Media General subsequently signed an agreement to be acquired by Nexstar (with the combined company to be known as Nexstar Media Group), in exchange for giving Meredith right of first refusal to acquire any broadcast or digital properties that may be divested. The deal will result in WISH gaining additional sister stations in nearby markets within Indiana – pending divestitures of those Nexstar already runs in markets around the state where Media General owns stations – including the Evansville virtual duopoly of ABC affiliate WEHT and fellow CW affiliate WTVW, the Terre Haute virtual duopoly of NBC affiliate WTWO and ABC affiliate WAWV-TV, and Fox affiliate WFFT in Fort Wayne).
The station's digital channel is multiplexed:
|Channel||Video||Aspect||PSIP Short Name||Programming|
|8.1||1080i||16:9||WISH-HD||Main WISH-TV programming / The CW|
In late March 2015, Media General added a 1080i HD simulcast feed of WISH's main signal on the 23.3 subchannel of WNDY-TV, mainly for the convenience of over-the-air viewers, especially those unable to receive WISH's VHF channel 9 signal due to signal limitations by way of their geographic location in proximity to the transmitter and or a lack of an antenna able to properly receive VHF signals.
In January 2016, WISH ditched the 24 Hour Radar subchannel on 8.3, and replaced it with the Justice Network. Meanwhile, WISH's 8.2 subchannel was changed to GetTV on February 1, 2016.
WISH-TV signed on its digital signal on VHF channel 9 on December 17, 1998; two days later on December 19, the station broadcast its first program in high definition when it broadcast an NFL game telecast in the format. The station shut down its analog signal, over VHF channel 8, on June 12, 2009, the official date in which full-power television in the United States transitioned from analog to digital broadcasts under federal mandate. The station's digital signal remained on its pre-transition VHF channel 9. Through the use of PSIP, digital television receivers display the station's virtual channel as its former VHF analog channel 8.
On January 29, 2010, LIN TV filed an application to the FCC to operate a digital fill-in translator on UHF channel 17, an allotment that was previously occupied by the analog signal of Class A sister station WIIH-CA; the FCC granted a construction permit to build the translator's transmitter facilities on June 16. The translator, which shares the same transmitter facility as WISH's main signal in the Augusta section of Indianapolis and began operating on January 13, 2011, serves parts of Indianapolis that lost signal coverage after the 2009 digital transition. The translator is mapped as virtual channel 8, which results in PSIP channel duplication while tuning sequentially on digital tuners in areas that are able to receive both signals, as the translator simulcasts WISH-TV's main channel and its two digital subchannels. As mentioned above, in late March 2015, a simulcast of WISH's main signal was added via WNDY-DT3.
WISH-TV airs the entire CW network schedule; however, the station carries The Bill Cunningham Show at 1:00 p.m. weekdays, two hours earlier than The CW's recommended timeslot of 3:00 p.m., which has been the common scheduling for the program among CW stations with syndicated talk shows that pull stronger ratings and/or have full-scale news operations. It also splits the network's educational programming block One Magnificent Morning over two days: the first two hours air on Saturdays on a four-hour delay (to 11:00 a.m.) due to the Saturday edition of its Daybreak newscast and paid programming, while the last two hours air on Sunday middays.
Syndicated programs broadcast by WISH-TV (as of September 2015[update]) include Steve Harvey, The Wendy Williams Show, Family Feud (also hosted by Steve Harvey), Inside Edition and Entertainment Tonight (the latter program's first-run carriage on the station is a rarity for a CW affiliate, as ET is usually only aired by most CW stations – generally those part of a duopoly with a major network affiliate – in the form of next-day second-run broadcasts). Atypical for a CW-affiliated station, the station does not currently air sitcoms within its weekday schedule – particularly during early evening and late-night timeslots not occupied by local newscasts (opting to fill those periods with talk shows and newsmagazines instead); however, WISH airs runs of syndicated comedies broadcast otherwise by sister station WNDY on Saturday late afternoons. The station also produces the hour-long talk and lifestyle program Indy Style, which airs weekday mornings at 9:00 a.m.
As a CBS affiliate, WISH-TV cleared the majority of the CBS network schedule in its later years, with exception of the Saturday edition of CBS This Morning, the weekend editions of the CBS Evening News and the second half-hour of Face the Nation, which aired instead on WNDY. WNDY also aired other CBS programs channel 8 was unable to air due to extended breaking news or severe weather coverage, or special programming; such an example occurred from 2009 to 2011, when WNDY aired the US Open while WISH-TV opted to carry its regular programming schedule before syndicators made a Tuesday start to the syndicated season near-universal starting in 2012 after years of the US Open men's final always being delayed to Monday due to weather. For many years, WISH-TV had carried Jeopardy! and Wheel of Fortune, acquiring the local rights to the programs from NBC affiliate WTHR in the fall of 1988; both game shows moved back to WTHR in 2002.
In its later years as a CBS affiliate, WISH-TV aired most Indianapolis Colts regular season games as well as any playoff games involving the team through CBS, via the network's broadcast rights to the NFL's American Football Conference. The move of Colts games to WISH-TV when CBS acquired the rights to the AFC in 1998 coincided with the debut of rookie quarterback Peyton Manning.
As a result of WISH swapping its CBS affiliation with CW affiliate WTTV in January 2015, the station's status as the unofficial "home" station of the Colts ended after the 2014 NFL regular season. Consequently, it will no longer air any Colts related programming after the 2014-15 season (except for Countdown to Kickoff and possibly Huddle Up Indy), nor will WISH and WNDY be affiliated with the Colts. Colts games began to air on WTTV on January 4, when the Colts defeated the Cincinnati Bengals in the first round of the NFL playoffs. The coach's show and Colts Up Close will move to WTTV and its sister Fox affiliate WXIN (channel 59), for the 2015 NFL season.
After losing CBS, WISH gradually cobbled together agreements to restore sports events onto the station's schedule in order to make up for both the loss of sports coverage provided by CBS as well as the absence of such content from The CW's schedule. First on February 17, 2015, WISH signed a two-year agreement with the Indy Eleven to carry home matches from the North American Soccer League team during the 2015 and 2016 seasons; WISH replaced sister station WNDY as the Eleven's local television broadcaster, as that station carried the team's games during its inaugural 2014 season. All game telecasts and a half-hour post-game show that follows each game are produced under an outsourcing agreement with Indianapolis-based video production firm WebStream Sports. The first Indy Eleven game to air on WISH was the April 11 home season opener with the New York Cosmos.
On March 20, 2015, Media General announced that WISH and WNDY would become part of the Chicago Cubs and White Sox broadcast television networks and carry many of the games the teams will broadcast locally in the Chicago market through ABC owned-and-operated station WLS-TV, fellow CW affiliate WGN-TV and MyNetworkTV owned-and-operated station WPWR-TV (excluding those broadcast by the cable/satellite-only Comcast SportsNet Chicago). WISH carries a Sunday-only schedule of games due to program preemption restrictions within its CW affiliation contract, with WNDY airing the remainder of the weekday game schedule and a few Sunday games. The deal for carriage of the games in Indianapolis was required after Tribune Broadcasting discontinued airing sports events involving Chicago-area teams over its WGN America cable channel at the end of 2014. Both of Chicago's Major League Baseball teams claim Indianapolis as part of their broadcasting territories, sharing the market with the Cincinnati Reds, which have games that originate on Fox Sports Ohio carried by sister network Fox Sports Indiana.
On June 30, 2015, WISH reached an agreement to carry Atlantic Coast Conference college football and basketball games produced by Raycom Sports (via the syndicator's ACC Network service) effective with the 2015–16 ACC football season, as Indianapolis is in the ACC market covered by the Notre Dame Fighting Irish. The first ACC game to air on the station through this deal will be the September 5 game between the Wofford Terriers and Clemson Tigers. On October 6, Media General announced that WISH would carry NHL games involving the Chicago Blackhawks produed by WGN-TV, with an initial slate of 19 Saturday and Sunday games during the 2015–16 season starting with the team's October 10 match against the New York Islanders. This marked the first time outside of Canadian cable distribution quirks involving WGN-TV that WGN's Blackhawks coverage aired outside the Chicago market (WGN America never carried Blackhawks telecasts).
WISH-TV presently broadcasts 54 hours of locally produced newscasts each week (with nine hours on weekdays and 4½ hours on Saturdays and Sundays); in addition, the station produces two half-hour sports highlight programs on Sunday evenings: The Sports Locker, which airs at 10:30 p.m. and Indy Sports Tonight, which airs at 11:30 p.m.
In 1963, WISH-TV became the first television station in the market to provide extensive live coverage of a major local news event, when it covered the deadly explosion at the Fairgrounds Coliseum. WISH-TV's newscasts were the highest-rated in the Indianapolis market from the mid-1980s until WTHR overtook it for the #1 position in 2002. The station's ratings success was largely attributed to the longevity of most of its news staff, some of whom have been at the station for over 20 years. Mike Ahern was the station's main weeknight news anchor as well as the de facto face of its newsroom for more than 30 years (the longest tenure of anyone in Indianapolis television history); he joined channel 8 as a reporter in 1967 and was promoted to lead anchor in 1974, where he remained until his retirement from the anchor chair on December 1, 2004 (Ahern later hosted sister station WNDY's now-cancelled interview program One on One). Debby Knox joined Ahern as co-anchor on the weeknight newscasts in 1980 and remained with the station until she retired on November 26, 2013. Stan Wood served as the station's main weather forecaster from the 1960s until 1991, while Patty Spitler served as anchor of the noon newscast and entertainment reporter from 1982 to 2004. Lee Giles, who left the station in 2004, was one of the longest-tenured news directors in local broadcasting.
For a time during the 1990s, WISH-TV advertised that "more people in Central Indiana get their local news from 24-Hour News 8 than from any other source" at the close of many of its newscasts and in promos for its newscasts. The station's local newscasts are currently at a distant second place behind WTHR in most timeslots, except during the 5:00 to 6:30 p.m. period on weeknights, when both stations maintain a much tighter viewership margin. However, due to the recent strength of CBS' primetime lineup (as well as the fact its late news serves the lead-in for Indianapolis native David Letterman's late night talk show on the network, the Late Show), WISH has recently regained the lead in the 11:00 p.m. slot. The station's "I-Team 8" investigative reports have earned the station numerous journalism awards, including Regional Emmy, Peabody and Edward R. Murrow Awards (the station was awarded the latter in 1998 and 2006). In 2008, the Indiana Associated Press Broadcast Association honored WISH-TV with the "Outstanding News Operation" and "Outstanding Weather Operation" designations.
In 1990, WISH-TV implemented the "24-Hour News Source" concept that was originally developed that year by WEWS-TV in Cleveland; the format, which began spreading to other television stations nationwide around that timeframe, involves the production of 30-second news updates that air at or near the top of every hour during local commercial break inserts – even during primetime network and overnight programming – in addition to the station's long-form newscasts in regularly scheduled timeslots. The station continues to utilize the format to this day (which is reinforced in the branding that the station has used for its news programming off-and-on since 1990, 24-Hour News 8, and all but one of the varying news slogans it had used from 1990 to 2014), even as stations elsewhere had discontinued the hourly update format by the early 2000s. As of June 2014, WISH-TV, Grand Rapids, Michigan sister station WOOD-TV (which also brands its newscasts as 24-Hour News 8) and KCRG-TV in Cedar Rapids, Iowa are the only remaining U.S. television stations that still utilize the "24-Hour News Source" concept in some form.
For many years, the news themes that WISH-TV had commissioned have incorporated components (including the eight-note musical signature) from the song Back Home Again in Indiana; these include two custom packages by Stephen Arnold Music – "Newsleader" (used from 1991 to 1997) and the "WISH-TV News Music Package," a customized version of Arnold's "Counterpoint" package (used from 1997 to 2004) – and an alteration of the V.3 package from 615 Music's "In-Sink" (used from 2004 to 2012). The 615-composed custom package "A New Wish," introduced on September 5, 2012, was the first theme used by the station in 21 years to omit compositional ties to "Back Home Again in Indiana". On February 28, 2005, shortly after LIN TV announced its purchase of channel 23, WISH-TV took over production of WNDY's 10:00 p.m. newscast from WTHR, which had produced the program from its inception on March 16, 1996; this partnership expanded to include an hour-long extension of WISH's weekday morning newscast at 7:00 a.m., which debuted on January 5, 2009.
On September 8, 2008, WISH-TV became the second television station in Indiana to begin broadcasting its local newscasts in high definition; the WNDY newscasts were included in the upgrade. On September 9, 2013, WISH-TV added a half-hour to its weekday morning newscast at 4:30 a.m., becoming the last English language news-producing station in the market to expand its morning newscast to a pre-5:00 a.m. timeslot (WTHR had an eight-year head start, expanding its morning newscast into the 4:30 slot in 2005; that station was later joined by WXIN in 2009 and WRTV in 2010).
When it became an affiliate of The CW on January 1, 2015, WISH-TV became one of three CW affiliates in the Eastern Time Zone (the others being WPIX in New York City and WCCB in Charlotte) with a functioning news department. It expanded its news programming by 20 hours (increasing its weekly total from 34 to 54 hours a week). Most existing newscasts were retained, though the 7:00 a.m. and 10:00 p.m. newscasts it produced for WNDY moved to channel 8 (the former of which is part of an expansion of Daybreak that extended the weekday edition of the program by two hours and the weekend editions by one), while the noon newscast expanded to one hour and a 6:30 p.m. newscast on weeknights was added. The weekend 6:00 and 10:00 p.m. newscasts were also shortened to a half-hour, with the Sports Locker being moved to bookending the latter and the 11:00 p.m. news on Sunday nights, and a new sports program (Indy Sports Tonight) replacing it in its former slot.
Notable current on-air staff
- Eboni Deon - weekend meteorologist
Notable former on-air staff
- Mike Ahern - anchor/reporter (1967–2004; later at sister station WNDY-TV as host of One on One with Mike Ahern)
- Chet Coppock - sportscaster (1970s; now at WMVP-AM in Chicago)
- Ed Harding - sports director (1981–1988; now at WCVB-TV in Boston)
- Debby Knox - anchor (1980–2013; retired November 26, 2013; came out of retirement as anchor for WTTV on 1/1/15)
- Nicole Manske - sports anchor/reporter (2004–2006; now at ESPN)
- Mark Patrick - sports director (1990–1999)
- Jane Pauley - weekend anchor (1972–1975)
- Rolland Smith - anchor (1967–1969)
- Sage Steele - sports reporter (1997–1998; now at ESPN)
- John Stehr - anchor (now at WTHR)
- Anne Marie Tiernon - anchor/reporter (1991–2000; now at WTHR)
- Vince Welch - sports anchor (1990–1995; later with ESPN, now with Fox Sports)
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- CDBS Print
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- 66th Annual Peabody Awards, May 2007.
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- "About Mike Ahern". 16 May 2011. Retrieved 12 March 2013.
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