|City of license||Clermont, Florida|
|Branding||CW 18 (general)
WESH 2 News on CW 18 (newscasts)
This TV Orlando
Estrella TV Orlando
CW Station &
|Channels||Digital: 17 (UHF)
Virtual: 18 (PSIP)
|Subchannels||18.1 The CW
18.2 This TV
18.3 Estrella TV
(Orlando Hearst Television, Inc.)
|First air date||July 1982|
|Call letters' meaning||Knights of
|Former callsigns||WMOD (1982–1988)|
|Former channel number(s)||Analog:
43 (UHF, 1982–1988)
68 (UHF, 1988–1992)
18 (UHF, 1992–2009)
|Former affiliations||Independent (1982–1995)
The WB (1995–2006)
|Transmitter power||1,000 kW|
WKCF, virtual channel 18 (UHF digital channel 17), is a CW-affiliated television station serving Orlando, Florida, United States that is licensed to Clermont. The station is owned by the Hearst Television division of the Hearst Corporation, and is part of a duopoly with NBC affiliate WESH (channel 2). The two stations share studios on North Wymore Road (along I-4) in Eatonville (with a Winter Park address) and its transmitter is located in unincorporated Bithlo.
|Channel||Video||Aspect||PSIP Short Name||Programming|
|18.1||1080i||16:9||WKCF-DT||Main WKCF programming / The CW|
During the George Zimmerman trial in 2013, WKCF's second digital subchannel, in addition to This TV, was used to carry NBC Daytime and WESH's daytime syndicated programming to accommodate trial coverage on WESH.
WKCF terminated its analog signal, on UHF channel 18, on June 12, 2009, as part of the federally mandated transition from analog to digital television. The station's digital signal remained on its pre-transition UHF channel 17. Through the use of PSIP, digital television receivers display WKCF's virtual channel as 18. WKCF was one of three stations in the Orlando area (along with WKMG-TV and WOFL) to participate in the "Analog Nightlight" program, which lasted until WKCF's analog transmitter was shut down permanently on July 12, 2009.
WKCF's intellectual unit began operation in July 1982 on UHF channel 43 as WMOD and was licensed to Melbourne. It was owned by Press Broadcasting and carried a general entertainment format with an emphasis on movies and drama, along with some game shows. In 1984, it became a more traditional independent station. Being licensed to Melbourne placed WMOD at a disadvantage. Its transmitter was located 33 miles (50 km) southeast of Orlando, as Federal Communications Commission (FCC) rules at the time that required a station's transmitter to be located within 15 miles (24 km) of its city of license. It only reached the city itself with a Grade B signal and did not reach Daytona Beach at all. As a result, the station received low ratings despite a decent programming inventory.
In late 1984, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) allocated a commercial license to Clermont (a western suburb of Orlando) on UHF channel 68. Press applied for the license in 1985 and received it in March 1986. The company planned to sell WMOD to the Home Shopping Network at the same time that the new channel 68 went on the air. In the meantime, the station agreed to affiliate with the Home Shopping Network on a part-time basis starting with several hours in the overnights in the fall of 1986. Press sold more and more of the station's broadcast day to HSN in order to raise money to move forward with building channel 68. HSN programming occupied eighteen hours a day of WMOD's schedule by the summer of 1987. General entertainment programs continued to run on the station from 5 to 11 p.m. The station still was unable to move its programming unit of general entertainment shows to channel 68 by the fall due to technical and financial constraints.
In January 1988 to finish building the new station, Press sold WMOD was sold to Blackstar Broadcasting (an HSN sister company). That February, the station began to run HSN programming full-time (except for a few hours of religious and public affairs shows on Sunday mornings) and its call letters were changed to WBSF. Its barter cartoons and other barter shows moved to WAYK (channel 56, now WOPX-TV). Finally, UHF channel 68 went on the air as WKCF in November 1988. It originally aired an analog signal from studios at a strip mall in Winter Park. The channel's early programming lineup consisted mostly of shows that had previously been seen on WMOD until January. The shows were originally a blend of cartoons, classic sitcoms, recent sitcoms, older movies, and drama series. The station provided a city-grade signal to Orlando and a Grade B signal to Daytona Beach and Melbourne. WKCF was branded on-air as "TV 68".
The station eventually moved from the strip mall to facilities in a multi-floor office building that was also located in Winter Park. Press Broadcasting wanted to move WKCF's transmitter to the Christmas/Bithlo tower farm in order to improve its signal in the other two major cities in the market, Daytona Beach and Melbourne. However the company soon discovered that as long as WKCF transmitted on channel 68, it could not move its transmitter to Bithlo and still reach Clermont with a city-grade signal. In 1991, Press Broadcasting approached Brevard Community College about swapping channels with its educational station, WRES. Under this plan, both stations would move their transmitters to Bithlo. At the time, WRES was a relatively low-powered station serving the immediate Brevard County area on UHF channel 18. However, if that station moved to Bithlo, it would be able to boost its power to the maximum five million watts. The college agreed and the FCC approved the swap. As a result, in 1992, WKCF moved to channel 18 which was reclassified as a commercial license and WRES moved to channel 68 as well as adopting the call sign WBCC. After the switch, WKCF re-branded itself as "TV 18".
Soon after moving to channel 18, WKCF started producing a kids club program called The Buckaroo Club, hosted by Ranger Bob, aka, Tim Kincaid a talented character actor, whose popularity as Ranger Bob, made him a local legend in Rochester, NY where he hosted the first version of the kid's program, The Circle B Club, produced by Jan Shaw. The Buckaroo Club was very popular and garnered high ratings, pulling a 35 share, surpassing shows like Oprah in the same time slot. It seemed most people in Central Florida knew who Ranger Bob was; due to many live appearances throughout Central Florida. The Buckaroo Club was as popular with college aged and young adults as it was with kids and families. The show was on the air from 1992 to 1994, a reunion program aired on WKCF in 2004. Tim Kincaid also created another popular late night monster movie series called, "Friday Night with the Grave Master", the tongue-in-cheek series features classic monster movies hosted by the Grave Master. This tremendously funny series was hugely popular with college aged fans across Central Florida. Jim King was the Production Designer of the series, and helped create the shows content. Jim King was also the designer of the prized Friday Night with the Grave Master T-shirt which could only be won by viewers of the series. Another move that put increased the station's profile in the market was a partnership with the Orlando Magic to broadcast many of the NBA team's road games; it gradually added some home games as well, this was right around the time Shaquille O'Neal put the Magic on the map. In 1994, the station was rebranded as "18 WKCF". The station joined The WB on January 11, 1995 as a charter affiliate. A year after it affiliated with the network, the station rebranded itself as "WB 18". For most of The WB's eleven-year run, WKCF was consistently the network's top affiliate. At one point, it was even the fourth-highest rated station in Central Florida.
In 1998, the studios of WKCF were moved to Lake Mary into a building that Press Broadcasting had built on an empty lot right next to the main competition, WOFL (channel 35). The station was sold to Emmis Communications in 1998 for $200 million. As the station focused more on its network commitments, it chose not to renew its contract with the Orlando Magic in 1999; the games then went to WRBW (channel 65). From 2001 to 2005, the WKCF studios in Lake Mary served as a centralcasting hub for Emmis' television stations. Using Florical Automation, the company was responsible for master control operations for several Emmis owned Fox and WB affiliates in the Southeastern United States including WVUE in New Orleans, Louisiana, WALA-TV and WBPG (now WFNA) in Mobile, Alabama, and WFTX in Fort Myers. From WKCF's facilities, Emmis maintained broadcast capabilities during several major hurricane impacts on several of its stations including Katrina (affecting WVUE), Ivan (affecting WALA), and Charley (affecting WFTX and WKCF). The Emmis model was later discontinued as the company sold off the stations.
On January 24, 2006, CBS Corporation and the Warner Bros. unit of Time Warner announced that UPN and The WB would cease broadcasting, to be replaced by a new network that would feature some of the higher-rated programs from both networks called The CW Television Network. On March 1, Emmis officials confirmed that WKCF would become the Orlando affiliate of The CW. The station had been the obvious choice as the market's CW affiliate in any case, as network officials were on record as preferring the "strongest" stations among The WB and UPN's affiliates, and WKCF had been The WB's strongest affiliate for virtually all of the network's run. On May 8, Emmis announced the sale of WKCF to what was then known as Hearst-Argyle Television for $217.5 million. The sale was finalized on August 31. This created the third duopoly in the Orlando market joining the Cox-owned duopoly of WFTV and WRDQ, and the Fox Television Stations-owned duopoly of WOFL and WRBW. As part of the move, WKCF moved its operations to the WESH facilities in Winter Park. It may now take on the responsibility of airing NBC programs when WESH is not able to so such as in the event of extended breaking news coverage.
Until October 2008, WKCF was the only Hearst-owned station whose website was not powered by Internet Broadcasting. That changed when Hearst and Internet Broadcasting created a separate page for the station within WESH's web address. On January 22, 2009, a tube in WKCF's analog transmitter failed forcing the station to transmit its analog signal at a reduced three megawatts power (which was sixty percent of its authorized five megawatt ERP) under special temporary authority from the FCC. The station had applied to cease analog transmissions on the original February 17, 2009 date of the digital transition, but its application was rejected by the FCC.
On July 9, 2012, Hearst Television entered into a dispute with Time Warner Cable and Bright House Networks, leading to WKCF being pulled from Bright House and being temporarily replaced with the TV Guide Network; WKCF's subchannels were also similarly pulled and replaced with alternate programming. The substitution of TV Guide Network in place of WKCF lasted until July 19, 2012, when a new carriage deal was reached between Hearst and Time Warner.
Although not in a traditional big three network affiliate time period, Orlando has been very competitive in the 10 p.m. primetime slot over the years. WKCF was the first television station in the area to launch a primetime newscast. This effort was established in 1991 through a news share agreement with WKMG. Eventually, future sister station WESH would take over production duties of WKCF's broadcast. Meanwhile, in 1995, WFTV entered into the 10 p.m. news race with its own program on WRBW, which in 2000 moved to sister station WRDQ, where it remains today. Then in 1998, WOFL premiered the first half-hour independently-produced newscast outside of Orlando's big three network outlets; this program would be expanded to an hour on weeknights in the fall of 1999.
The first WESH-produced newscast for WKCF was cancelled in September 2002, due to increased competition from WOFL and WRDQ. From August 2004 to 2007, WKCF's studios were home to the nationally syndicated morning show The Daily Buzz, which could be seen on the station each weekday from 6-9 a.m. After Hearst bought the station in 2007, the show moved its production to the Disney's Hollywood Studios, while the program moved locally to WRDQ.
When WESH became a sister station to WKCF, it led to speculation channel 2 would bring back a 10 p.m. newscast to the station at some point. In January 2007, WESH began producing a two-hour extension of its weekday morning newscast on WKCF. This joined two other morning news broadcasts airing at the same time on WOFL (established in September 2000) and WRDQ (launched at the same time as WKCF's morning show). A simulcast of the 6 a.m. hour of WESH's weekday morning newscast would subsequently be added to the station. On November 1, 2007, WESH began broadcasting its local newscasts in high definition, with the WKCF newscasts included in the upgrade. After a seven-year hiatus, WKCF resumed a nightly 10 p.m. newscast produced by WESH on August 31, 2009. As of January 2015, the 5 a.m. hour of WESH's weekday morning newscast is now simulcast on WKCF.
- RabbitEars TV Query for WKCF
- Boedeker, Hal (June 21, 2013). "George Zimmerman trial to rearrange daytime lineup". The Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved June 26, 2013.
- List of Digital Full-Power Stations
- 'Gilmore Girls' meet 'Smackdown'; CW Network to combine WB, UPN in CBS-Warner venture beginning in September, CNNMoney.com, January 24, 2006.
- UPN and WB to Combine, Forming New TV Network, The New York Times, January 24, 2006.
- Orlando Sentinel: "WESH off Bright House; Pennsylvania station is substitute", July 10, 2012.
- Tampa Bay Times: "Hearst dispute with Bright House pulls WMOR-Ch. 32 and digital THIS TV off Tampa Bay cable system", July 10, 2012.
- Broadcasting & Cable: "Hearst TV, Time Warner Cable End Viewer Blackout", July 19, 2012.
- Martha Sugalski, Jim Payne to anchor 10 p.m. news on Channel 18
- CW18TV.com - Official WKCF-TV website
- Orlando.ThisTV.com - Official This TV Orlando website
- EstrellaTVOrlando.com - Official Estrella TV Orlando website
- WESH.com - Official WESH-TV website
- Query the FCC's TV station database for WKCF