WCKL-FM

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WCKL-FM
CityChicago, Illinois
Broadcast areaChicago metropolitan area
Branding97.9 K-Love
SloganPositive and Encouraging
Frequency97.9 MHz
First air date1942 (as W83C)[1]
FormatChristian Contemporary
ERP4,000 watts
HAAT425 meters (1,394 ft)
ClassB
Facility ID73233
Transmitter coordinates41°53′56.00″N 87°37′23.00″W / 41.8988889°N 87.6230556°W / 41.8988889; -87.6230556 (NAD27)
Callsign meaningChicago's K-Love
Former callsigns
  • W83C (1942–1943)
  • WEHS (1943–1963)
  • WHFC (1963–1965)
  • WSDM (1965–1977)
  • WLUP (1977–1987)
  • WLUP-FM (1987–2018)
Former frequencies
  • 48.3 MHz (1942–1946)
  • 100.1 MHz (1946–1947)
AffiliationsK-Love
OwnerEducational Media Foundation
Sister stations
WAIW, WAWE, WOKL, WSRI, WZKL
WebcastListen Live
WebsiteKLove.com

WCKL-FM (97.9 FM, "K-Love") is a non-commercial FM radio station licensed to serve Chicago, Illinois. The station is owned & operated by Educational Media Foundation and carries network programming from K-LOVE, EMF's main contemporary Christian music network. The station's broadcast tower is located atop the John Hancock Center.

History[edit]

Early years as W83C/WEHS/WHFC[edit]

The station was first granted a construction permit on April 7, 1942 with the W83C call sign, licensed to broadcast at 48.3 MHz[2] on the original 42-50 MHz FM broadcast band. The station was owned by Richard W. Hoffman, who also owned WHFC.[3][4][5] Its studios and transmitter were initially located at the Medinah Athletic Club building at 505 N. Michigan Avenue, but were moved to the Bankers Building at 105 West Adams by 1945.[2][6]

On November 1, 1943, the station was assigned the WEHS call sign, and it was granted its first license on October 8, 1945.[2] The callsign stood for "Elizabeth Hoffman's Station", named for owner Richard Hoffman's mother.[5] In January 1946, the station received permission from the FCC to go silent to convert to operation on the new 88-108 MHz FM broadcast band, which the FCC had created on June 27, 1945.[7] On July 31, 1946, the station was reassigned to 100.1 MHz, and then granted a move to 97.9 MHz on September 23, 1947.[2] WEHS was the first commercial radio station to air "storecasts".[3] It broadcast background music for National Tea grocery stores in the Chicago area.[8] When the contract with National ran out in the mid-1950s, WEHS simulcast the foreign language and black programming of co-owned WHFC for six hours a day, the minimum broadcast time to keep the license. In 1952, WEHS's studios and transmitter were moved to WHFC's studio and transmitter site at 3350 S. Kedzie.[2]

L & P Broadcasting Corporation purchased WEHS in February 1963, along with WHFC, for $1 million.[2][9] The Chess family of Chess, Checker and Cadet Records fame owned L & P Broadcasting (the "L" stood for Leonard Chess while the "P" stood for brother Phil Chess).[9][10] Leonard primarily ran the record labels and recording studio while brother Phil was president of the radio company. The WHFC call sign was moved to WEHS on March 3, 1963,[2] while WHFC was assigned the WVON ("The Voice of the Negro") call sign. WHFC then simulcast WVON 24 hours a day.[11]

WSDM[edit]

On March 8, 1965, WHFC's call sign was changed to WSDM,[2] which stood for "Smack Dab in the Middle", in reference to the station's position at the middle of the FM dial.[12] The station was also known as "the station with the girls and all that jazz", as it featured all female DJs known as "Den Pals",[13] which included Yvonne Daniels, Cody Sweet, Penny Lane, Nancy Plum,[14] Connie Szerszen, known on the air as "Dawn", and Linda Ellerbee, known on the air as "Hush Puppy".[12][15][16][17][18] WSDM played "pop-oriented jazz and jazz oriented pop".[17][19] Program director was Mickey Shorr and later Burt Burdeen.[16][20]

In 1968, the station began airing a nighttime progressive rock program called Underground Den on weekends.[21][22] In early 1971, WSDM began to mix rock music with its light jazz.[23] The station positioned itself as "jazzed up rock".[24] Ownership of the station was transferred to Phil Chess effective October 22, 1971.[2] Phil Chess' son, Terry Chess, was general manager.[25] In 1972, WSDM's transmitter was moved to the John Hancock Center.[2] Cindy Morgan was a DJ on the station in the 1970s.[26]

WLUP[edit]

The Loop's logo during most of its 40 years as a rock station. Without the frequency, it remains the logo for WKQX-HD2's iteration of The Loop.

The call sign was changed to WLUP on March 14, 1977.[2] The station adopted an AOR format and was rebranded as "The Loop", referring to the nickname of Chicago's central business district.[27][28] J. Blackburn was Program Director and Tom O'Toole served as the station's first morning host and was the first Loop DJ to sign on the air.[29][30][31] The first song O'Toole played on "The Loop" was "Morning Has Broken" by Cat Stevens.[29][31] The original Loop air staff included O'Toole in mornings, Captain Billy Martin in middays, Les Tracy in afternoon drive, and Bob Shannon evenings.[31] Other early Loop DJs included Greg Budell, Ford Colley, Don Davis, and Glory-June Greaif.[31]

Heftel Broadcasting Corporation, owned by Hawaiian Congressman Cecil Heftel, purchased the station effective March 5, 1979, for $3 million.[2][32] Lee Abrams was hired as consultant.[31] The rock format was kept in place, but emphasis was put on harder-edged rock.[31] Jesse Bullit was the program director.[31] Steve Dahl, who had been unemployed since WDAI (94.7) went to a disco format in December 1978 – and who would stage one of the most famous promotions in sports history, Disco Demolition Night – was hired for mornings in spring of 1979.[31][33] Garry Meier, known over the air at the time as "Matthew Meier", was an overnight DJ, and was later teamed with Dahl as the morning newsman.[34] Soon thereafter, Meier became Steve's full-time sidekick, and used his real name, Garry Meier.[34][35][36]

In 1979, Jeff Schwartz became head of sales and Mitch Michaels was hired as afternoon DJ.[31][37] Michaels became program director shortly thereafter.[38] Sky Daniels was also hired in 1979, and served as disc jockey and music director.[31][35] Chuck Swirsky provided sports reports for a period in the early 1980s.[39] Buzz Killman was newsman.[40] Steve and Garry were fired in 1981 for "violating community standards".[34][36] A series of morning men including Matt Bisbee, Mark McEwen, and the team of R.J. Harris and Pat Still tried their hand until Jonathon Brandmeier was hired in late 1982.[40][41][42] Kilman remained as newsman, and Bruce Wolf joined the station as a sports reporter in 1982.[40][43] Greg Solk became program director in 1983.[44] Dr. Demento was carried on WLUP from 1985 through 2010, just prior to when Dr. Demento ceased over-the-air broadcasting.[45][46] Steve and Garry returned in 1986 to host afternoons.[47]

In late December 1986, Heftel Broadcasting merged with Statewide Broadcasting, owner of AM 1000 WCFL.[48] In April 1987, WCFL became WLUP, and the FM station was assigned the WLUP-FM call sign.[49][50] AM 1000 WLUP became a partial simulcast of WLUP-FM, and Steve and Garry moved to AM 1000.[50] In 1988, WLUP-FM and WLUP AM 1000 were sold to the newly formed Evergreen Media.[51][52] By 1989, the AM station would evolve to mostly talk with a few rock songs mixed in per hour.[53][54]

In the early 1990s, WLUP aired a popular television commercial featuring a fat man dubbed "Joey Bag O' Donuts" dancing.[55][56] In the time span since the original commercial was aired, the footage of the dancing fat man in the commercial has been used by numerous other radio stations across the country and abroad.[55]

In September 1992, Steve and Garry returned to mornings on WLUP-FM.[57][36] In September 1993, the pairing of Steve Dahl and Garry Meier broke up.[36] Shortly thereafter, Dahl moved to AM 1000, which had recently added ESPN sports programming and changed call letters to WMVP.[58]

On September 27, 1993, the station's lineup was overhauled, and it shifted towards a hot talk format.[59] Garry Meier moved to middays on WLUP-FM, Brandmeier would move to afternoons, and Kevin Matthews moved to mornings for a time (though Brandmeier would later move back to mornings, and Matthews would move to middays).[60][61][62] Danny Bonaduce hosted evenings, Ed Schwartz hosted overnights, and Seka hosted a program Saturday evenings.[61][63][62] Liz Wilde was hired to host evenings in March 1995, but her show was cancelled by November of the same year.[64] In February 1996, sister station WYNY in New York simulcasted WLUP for a day as part of a week-long stunt of simulcasting sister stations nationwide before flipping formats to rhythmic adult contemporary as WKTU.[65] In June 1996, AM 1000 WMVP dropped their sports format and returned to simulcasting WLUP.[66]

WLUP switched to a format featuring a "blend of pop rock, pop alternative, and adult alternative" music on September 30, 1996.[67][68][69] In 1997, Evergreen and Chancellor Media merged.[70] In order to stay under federally mandated ownership limits, Evergreen opted to sell WLUP to Bonneville in July.[71][72] On July 21 at 5 AM, after stunting with all-Who songs as part of a Who concert that previous weekend, WLUP switched back to a rock format.[73][74] The first song under the relaunched "Loop" was "Rock and Roll" by Led Zeppelin.[73] Also that month, Jonathon Brandmeier would be released from the station due to the ownership change.[75] In June 1998, WLUP shifted to classic rock and adopted the slogan, "Classic Rock That Really Rocks".[76] During this period, full-time on air personalities included Byrd, Steve Downes, Eddie Webb, Pete McMurray, Seaver, Cara Carriveau, Sari, and Mark Zander.[77][78][79][80][81][82]

In October 2004, Emmis Communications traded three of their stations in Phoenix to Bonneville for WLUP-FM and $70 million; the swap was completed in December of that year.[83][84][85] While under Emmis ownership, WLUP evolved into a mainstream rock format, but in 2011 it returned to a classic rock format.[86][87]

In 2005, Emmis brought back Jonathon Brandmeier to do mornings on The Loop and hired Zakk Tyler to host afternoon drive.[88][89] Erin Carmen began hosting middays in 2006, remaining with the station until 2009.[90][91] Brandmeier also exited WLUP in 2009.[88]

On January 15, 2007, Chicago's NBC owned and operated station, WMAQ-TV channel 5, began a new weekday morning show called Barely Today which aired from 4:30–5 a.m.[92][93] The new morning show was simulcast on WLUP-FM and hosted by Bruce Wolf, who was the former weekday morning traffic/sports anchor for WMAQ.[92][93] The show would be cancelled five months later due to poor ratings.[94]

On June 21, 2011, Emmis announced that it would sell WKQX, sister station WLUP-FM, and New York's WRXP to Merlin Media, a group headed by former Tribune Company executive Randy Michaels.[95] Emmis, who would retain a minority stake in Merlin Media, would grant Merlin a local marketing agreement to operate WKQX and WLUP-FM from July 15 until the sale to Merlin officially closed on September 1.[96]

On May 3, 2012, Merlin added a satellite-fed version of the smooth jazz format on WLUP's HD3 subchannel (97.9-HD3).[97]

Radio personality and WEBN alum Maxwell Slater "Max" Logan (Benjamin Bornstein), best known for his years as host of The Maxwell Show at WMMS and WNCX in Cleveland, took over as the WLUP-FM morning host on July 30, 2012. Former personality Zakk Tyler (Dominic Zaccagnini) also returned.[89]

On January 3, 2014, Merlin Media announced a local marketing agreement (LMA) with Cumulus Media that would see Cumulus take over operations of WLUP-FM and sister station WIQI as well as inherit Merlin's LMA for WKQX-LP.[98][99] The deal included an option for Cumulus to purchase the stations from Merlin.[99] The deal saw Merlin relinquish operations of its last remaining radio stations.[98] The deal also sees an expansion of Cumulus' Chicago reach; the company already owns and operates news/talk station WLS (890 AM) and classic hits station WLS-FM (94.7).[98][99]

On September 12, 2014, WLUP released morning hosts Maxwell (Benjamin Bornstein) and John Czahor and afternoon host Patrick Capone.[100][101] On September 15, 2014, a new weekday lineup was announced, with Lyndsey Marie hosting middays, Tim Virgin hosting afternoons, and Pyke hosting evenings.[102] Virgin previously worked at The Loop in the mid-'90s.[102] Mornings remained open.[102] On March 30, 2015, Mancow Muller joined WLUP as its new morning show host.[103]

WLUP's first ever Rock Girl, Lorelei Shark, was the official spokesperson and the face of The Loop in the late 1970s and 1980s.[31][104][105] In 2005, the Loop Rock Girl was reintroduced, with Erica Gustafson being the new holder of the title.[105][106] The current Loop Rock Girl is April Rose Haydock, who was also the Loop Rock Girl in 2007.[107]

Sale to EMF[edit]

In January 2018, as part of Cumulus Media's bankruptcy proceedings, the company requested that a U.S. Bankruptcy Court release the company from several "extremely unprofitable" contracts, including its LMAs with WLUP-FM and WKQX. Cumulus stated that under the agreement, which carries a monthly fee of $600,000, the company had lost $8.4 million on the two Merlin stations.[108]

On March 5, 2018, Merlin Media sold WLUP-FM to Educational Media Foundation for $21.5 million, who would convert the station to non-commercial status. The sale was prompted by Cumulus Media's Chapter 11 bankruptcy filing, in which it was determined that Cumulus would not proceed with the existing LMA or a sale of WLUP-FM from Merlin to Cumulus. The move gives EMF its second full-power outlet in Chicago; the organization also owns translators and lower-power stations in the market.[109] On March 6, Cumulus ended manned operations on WLUP-FM and the entire air staff was dismissed; however, the Mancow show continued via its independent online streaming platform. An automated playlist of music continued until March 10 at midnight, when EMF took control of the frequency from Merlin under a new LMA and assumed the K-Love schedule carried by future sister station WJKL (94.3). EMF also retained the WLUP-FM call sign, warehousing it on an existing station in Starke, Florida (near Gainesville) which held the WCKL-FM call sign; that call sign was in turn transferred to the Chicago station on March 12, 2018, to stand for Chicago's K-Love. Merlin retained the "Loop" intellectual property and related properties, and transitioned that branding to WKQX-HD2 in a fully automated form.[110][111]

The sale of WLUP-FM also ended the annual "Loopfest", a sponsored event that was planned for August 3, 2018 at Hollywood Casino Amphitheatre, with Lynyrd Skynyrd to support their final tour with .38 Special and the Marshall Tucker Band. WLUP-FM informed listeners who bought tickets that the event was canceled immediately after the station announced it the previous February, despite leaving event details on its website while not indicating who may take over the sponsorship.[112]

Upon hearing the news of the sale, Steve Dahl pointed to WLUP-FM's legacy and heritage, saying:

As I look back on my 40 years on the radio in this market, I am reminded almost daily of The Loop's impact not only my career, but also rock and roll history in Chicago, and around the world. They just don't make brave risk-taking local radio stations like that anymore, and that's everybody's loss. I hope the last song they play there is AC/DC's 'Highway to Hell'![113]

On March 9, 2018, Dahl gave listeners a chance to say goodbye to WLUP-FM via a simulcast of his afternoon program on WLS.[114] Dahl also brought back alumni Sky Daniels and Kevin Matthews to help give WLUP-FM a proper send off, while WDRV paid homage to the station with a day long tribute led by Bob Stroud, another WLUP-FM veteran, with guests and surprises. WGN's 'Dave Plier Show' also aired a reunion of ex-WLUP-FM DJs, including Kevin Matthews, current WGN hosts Wendy Snyder and Bill Leff, and broadcast executive Larry Wert, paying tribute to its legacy.[115]

The LMA with EMF took effect March 10, 2018 at midnight, at which point The Loop switched to K-Love. In a last jab at the impending transition to Christian music, WLUP-FM closed by playing "Shout at the Devil" by Mötley Crüe, "The Number of the Beast" by Iron Maiden, and (as Dahl suggested) "Highway to Hell". The first song played on WLUP-FM as K-Love was "Whom Shall I Fear" by Chris Tomlin.[116] The move also removed WLUP-FM's HD Radio subchannels — not only the digital simulcast of the analog FM signal, but also a second channel carrying automated stand-up comedy and a third with smooth jazz/soft adult contemporary music, effectively leaving that struggling format's only presence in the Chicago market over-the-air on WKSC-HD2 and WTMX-HD2.

References[edit]

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External links[edit]


Coordinates: 41°53′56″N 87°37′23″W / 41.899°N 87.623°W / 41.899; -87.623