WMAR-TV

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WMAR-TV
WMAR 2018 logo.png
WUTB-DT2 Bounce Baltimore.png
Baltimore, Maryland
United States
BrandingWMAR 2 (general)
WMAR 2 News (newscasts)
SloganWorking for You
ChannelsDigital: 38 (UHF)
(to move to 27 (UHF))
Virtual: 2 (PSIP)
Subchannels2.1 ABC
2.2 Laff
2.3 Bounce TV
2.4 Escape
AffiliationsABC
OwnerE. W. Scripps Company
(Scripps Broadcasting Holdings LLC)
FoundedMay 1946[1]
First air dateOctober 27, 1947 (71 years ago) (1947-10-27)
Call letters' meaningMARyland
Former channel number(s)Analog:
2 (VHF, 1947–2009)
Digital:
52 (UHF, 1995–2009)
Former affiliationsAnalog/DT1:
Independent (1947–1948)
CBS (1948–1981)
NBC (1981–1995)
DT2:
LWN (2011–2015)
Transmitter power1000 kW
830 kW (CP)
Height312 m (1,024 ft)
307 m (1,007 ft) (CP)
Facility ID59442
Transmitter coordinates39°20′5″N 76°39′3″W / 39.33472°N 76.65083°W / 39.33472; -76.65083
Licensing authorityFCC
Public license information:Profile
CDBS
Websitewww.wmar2news.com

WMAR-TV, virtual channel 2 (UHF digital channel 38), is an ABC-affiliated television station licensed to Baltimore, Maryland, United States. The station is owned by the E. W. Scripps Company. WMAR-TV's studios and offices are located on York Road (Maryland Route 45) in Towson (though with a Baltimore City mailing address), north of the Baltimore City–Baltimore County border. Its transmitter and antenna, which is on the landmark three-pronged candelabra broadcast tower, is located on Television Hill in the Woodberry neighborhood of Baltimore.

On cable, the station is carried on channel 12 on most Baltimore area cable systems, including Verizon FiOS. In most outlying areas of the market, the station is carried on channel 2.

History[edit]

Early years[edit]

WMAR first began broadcasting on October 27, 1947.[2] It was the first television station in Maryland, and was the fourteenth television station in the United States to begin commercial operations.[citation needed] WMAR was founded by the A. S. Abell Company, publisher of the Sunpapers (The Baltimore Sun and its evening counterpart, The Evening Sun) and was the first completed phase of the Sunpapers ' expansion into broadcasting; the newspapers also held construction permits for WMAR-FM, which signed-on at 97.9 MHz (frequency now occupied by WIYY) in January 1948[3] and a proposed WMAR (AM), which never made it to air.[4] Channel 2's first broadcast was a pair of horse races eminating from Pimlico Race Course.

WMAR-TV's studios, offices, transmitter and tower were initially located at the present-day Bank of America Building in downtown Baltimore; the studios were later shifted into a larger space adjacent to the building. WMAR-TV moved into its present facility, known originally as "Television Park" on York Road, in May 1963.[5][6]

Channel 2 was an independent station at its launch, largely because at the time it was not clear whether Baltimore would be part of the Washington, D.C. market (Baltimore is 45 minutes northeast of Washington, and most of the Washington stations decently cover the Baltimore area for major news stories and weather reports). In 1948, however, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) made Baltimore a separate media market. On March 29, 1948, WMAR-TV was announced as CBS's third full-time television affiliate, after WCBS-TV in New York City and WCAU-TV in Philadelphia.[7][8]

One of WMAR's early local personalities was Jim McKay, who later moved over to CBS briefly before achieving greater fame on ABC as host of Wide World of Sports and Olympic coverage. Another was Helen Delich Bentley, a maritime editor for the Baltimore Sun who hosted The Port That Built a City, a weekly review presenting maritime, shipping and transportation-related news. (Bentley later ran several times and was finally elected as the U.S. Representative from Maryland, serving several terms. By the 2010s, the Port of Baltimore was renamed symbolically for her.)[9]

In 1959, WMAR-TV teamed up with WBAL-TV (channel 11) and WJZ-TV (channel 13) to build the world's first three-antenna candelabra tower. The new 730-foot (223 m) tower was built on the newly named "Television Hill" (formerly known as "Malden Hill") in the Woodberry neighborhood of Baltimore, which significantly improved the station's signal coverage well beyond Central Maryland.[10] During the 1970s, the FCC tightened its cross-ownership rules, eventually barring common ownership between a newspaper and a television or radio station in the same city without a waiver. However, the combination of the Sunpapers and WMAR-TV was one of several combinations that were "grandfathered" under these rules.

Switch to NBC[edit]

In March 1981, CBS announced that it would be moving its affiliation to WBAL-TV, Baltimore's NBC station. Among its reasons for making the switch, CBS cited WMAR-TV's weak newscast ratings and heavy preemptions of network programs for its widely popular locally oriented occasional programs.[11][12] After briefly considering becoming an independent once again, channel 2 quickly cut a deal with NBC [13] and Baltimore's first affiliation switch took place on August 30, 1981.

Strike[edit]

AFTRA member Andy Barth of WMAR-TV, Channel 2 on picket line, March 1982.

On March 1, 1982, after negotiations between WMAR-TV management and the American Federation of Television and Radio Artists (AFTRA) failed, all of the station's on-air talent, except one, went on strike.[14] AFTRA members, joined by the Teamsters, the Communication Workers of America and other local unions, picketed the station's offices on York Road and Abell's offices at North Calvert and East Centre Streets. When color announcer (and long-time popular Baltimore Orioles third baseman) Brooks Robinson refused to cross the picket line at the start of the baseball season, the strike ended.[15] The following day, both news anchors, Tom Sweeney and Curt Anderson, were fired.

Ownership changes[edit]

On May 28, 1986, the A.S. Abell Company was purchased by the Los Angeles-based Times-Mirror Company, the then-publisher of the Los Angeles Times.[16][17] With the loss of the grandfathered protection between the former Abell media properties, Times-Mirror opted to keep The Sunpapers and sold WMAR-TV (and WRLH-TV in Richmond) to Gillett Communications in July 1986.[16] After filing for bankruptcy some time later, Gillett restructured its television holdings into SCI Television, and in the early 1990s, SCI put WMAR-TV on the market.

The Cincinnati-based E. W. Scripps Company announced its purchase of the station in the summer of 1990, but in February 1991 the transfer was canceled after Scripps accused Gillett of misreporting WMAR's financial statements. Gillett then took legal action against Scripps,[16] but both sides settled and the sale went forward. Scripps took control of the station in the spring of 1991.[18] As this scenario was playing out, the Sinclair Broadcast Group, parent company of WBFF, applied with the FCC for a new station on WMAR-TV's channel 2 allocation under a subsidiary called "Four Jacks Broadcasting."[19] If it were granted, it would have resulted in the entire WBFF intellectual unit (including its Fox network affiliation) moving from channel 45 to channel 2, with WBFF's existing channel 45 allocation sold.[20] In the end, however, Scripps' license to operate WMAR-TV on channel 2 was reaffirmed by the FCC, and WBFF permanently remained on channel 45.

ABC affiliation[edit]

In 1994, Scripps and ABC announced a long-term affiliation deal, which resulted in four Scripps-owned stations switching to ABC. WMAR-TV was included in the deal, and Channel 2 would displace Baltimore's longtime ABC affiliate, Westinghouse Broadcasting-owned WJZ-TV.[21] ABC agreed to the deal as a condition of keeping its affiliation on Scripps' two biggest stations, WXYZ-TV in Detroit and WEWS in Cleveland; both of those outlets had been heavily wooed by CBS, which was about to lose its longtime Detroit and Cleveland affiliates to Fox.[22] Locally, it triggered Baltimore's second network affiliation swap, which saw WMAR-TV switch to ABC, WBAL-TV reuniting with NBC and CBS moving to WJZ-TV. The second switch occurred on January 2, 1995.[23] As a result, channel 2 became one of the few stations in the country to have been a primary affiliate with each of the "Big Three" networks.

ABC had been reluctant to drop its affiliation with WJZ-TV, which had been the highest-rated station in Baltimore for over a quarter-century and was one of the strongest ABC affiliates in the nation. In contrast, WMAR-TV had been a ratings also-ran for three decades. Indeed, ABC's ratings in Baltimore went into a steep decline after the switch, with a number of programs falling from first to third in the Baltimore ratings in one stroke.

In 1996, a year after the affiliation change, station management opted not to renew channel 2's carriage of The Oprah Winfrey Show, deciding instead to take a chance on the new The Rosie O'Donnell Show. The move proved costly in the long term, as market leader WBAL-TV picked up Oprah, and Rosie lasted only seven years. Since the switch, WMAR-TV has seen a drastic drop in viewership for its 5:00–6:30 p.m. news block, while WBAL-TV has thrived in that time slot.

On May 13, 2014, after a station security guard denied him entry into WMAR-TV's studio/offices, 28-year-old Vladimir Baptiste crashed a pickup truck into the building lobby–which was stolen around 12:00 p.m. from a Maryland State Highway Administration subcontractor.[24] All of the station's approximately 120 employees were evacuated and the building was placed on lockdown as Baltimore County Police officers searched for the suspect. Channel 2 ran an automated feed of ABC programming for four hours, before going dark for about 80 minutes; a satellite relay with Phoenix sister station KNXV-TV was then established late that afternoon until WMAR master control operators were able to resume broadcasting from the studio.[25][26][27] Police captured the man just after 4:30 p.m. that afternoon, as he was watching news coverage of the incident in one of the facility's offices. Officers found weapons in the truck, but there were no reports of gunshots being fired. No staffers inside the building were injured.[28][29] Baptiste was taken to a hospital for a mental evaluation, and was later charged with three counts of attempted second degree murder.[30]

On April 16, 2018, WMAR unveiled a new logo, and reverted to branding under its call letters rather than "ABC 2". The new branding was designed to reflect on WMAR's heritage, incorporating a modernized version of a previous stylized "2" logo.[31]

Digital television[edit]

Digital channels[edit]

The station's digital channel is multiplexed:

Channel Video Aspect PSIP Short Name Programming[32]
2.1 720p 16:9 WMAR-HD Main WMAR-TV programming / ABC
2.2 480i 4:3 WMARDT1 Laff
2.3 BOUNCE Bounce TV
2.4 ESCAPE Escape

Analog-to-digital conversion[edit]

WMAR-TV shut down its analog signal, over VHF channel 2, on June 12, 2009, the official date in which full-power television stations in the United States transitioned from analog to digital broadcasts under federal mandate. The station's digital signal relocated from its pre-transition UHF channel 52, which was among the high band UHF channels (52–69) that were removed from broadcasting use as a result of the transition, to UHF channel 38,[33] using PSIP to display the station's virtual channel as its former VHF analog channel 2.

As a part of the repacking process following the 2016-2017 FCC incentive auction, WMAR-TV will relocate to UHF channel 27 by 2020, using PSIP to display its virtual channel number as 2.[34]

Programming[edit]

Syndicated programs seen on WMAR-TV include Who Wants to Be a Millionaire, Rachael Ray, Right This Minute, and The Doctors. The latter two are co-produced by WMAR's owner, Scripps. As an ABC affiliate, WMAR-TV now usually runs the network's entire lineup. The station was Baltimore's home to The Jerry Lewis MDA Labor Day Telethon for nearly three decades until it moved to WNUV-TV (channel 54); in 2013, the telethon moved back to WMAR-TV, airing on ABC as the MDA Show of Strength, for its final two years of its run. From 1979 to 1993, channel 2 was the over-the-air flagship station of the Baltimore Orioles—long after most "Big Three" stations dropped local regular season sports coverage.

As a CBS affiliate, WMAR-TV preempted an hour of the network's weekday morning daytime schedule, as well as CBS's late night programming. However, this was not a problem for Baltimore area viewers, as most of the area got a decent signal from WTOP-TV in Washington (now WUSA). From 1961 until 1980, the station was also co-owned with fellow CBS affiliate WBOC-TV in Salisbury.

Channel 2 continued to pre-empt network programming as an NBC affiliate. The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson was not carried by WMAR-TV for several years in the mid-1980s as the station chose to air Thicke of the Night,[35] and later syndicated sitcom reruns following the 11:00 p.m. newscast. Some of the network's daytime programming was preempted as well. Both Tonight and preempted daytime programs were aired on then-independent stations WBFF (channel 45) and WNUV-TV (channel 54), though Baltimore viewers could also watch the entire NBC lineup on network-owned WRC-TV in Washington, along with affiliate WGAL-TV from Lancaster, Pennsylvania, whose signal was viewable in areas north of Baltimore County.

Until September 17, 2012, Jeopardy! and Wheel of Fortune aired on channel 2 from the beginning of their runs in 1984 and 1983 respectively. Since then, Fox affiliate WBFF has carried both shows.

News operation[edit]

WMAR Comcast WeatherNet Digital screenshot.
WMAR-TV anchors Kelly Swoope and Jamie Costello prepare for live shot in downtown Baltimore, April 27, 2011.

WMAR-TV presently broadcasts 23½ hours of locally produced newscasts each week (with 4½ hours on weekdays and one hour on Sundays); with regards to the amount of news programming, it is the lowest output among Baltimore's television stations. Unlike most news-producing ABC affiliates that are located in the Eastern Time Zone, WMAR does not air a newscast in the weekday midday timeslot; it also holds the distinction of being the largest news-producing "Big Three" station by market size that does not air any local newscasts on Saturdays (although WMAR does produce local weather cut-ins that are shown during the weekend edition of Good Morning America).

WMAR is also one of ten television stations that airs the "Don't Waste Your Money" series of consumer reports from John Matarese, based at Cincinnati sister station WCPO-TV. WMAR formerly operated a 24-hour local weather channel known as "ABC 2 WeatherNet Digital", which was also available on Comcast Xfinity digital cable channel 204 and streamed on the station's website; until 2012, the channel was also broadcast on a third digital subchannel of WMAR's over-the-air signal.

Despite its newspaper roots and its status as the oldest television station in Maryland, WMAR's newscasts have been in last place among Baltimore's "Big Three" network affiliates since the early 1960s, and the station has not been a significant factor in the news ratings in over 30 years. This was the case even during the 1980s, with NBC's powerhouse primetime lineup as a lead-in.

Currently, WMAR's newscasts lag behind both WBAL-TV and WJZ-TV in the ratings by a wide margin, and has even trailed WBFF in some timeslots. For the past decade, WMAR and WBFF have formed one tier of local newscast ratings—significantly lower than the tier that is occupied by WBAL and WJZ. As such, it is currently one of ABC's weakest affiliates, especially in a top-50 market. By contrast, WJZ-TV dominated the ratings in the Baltimore market when it was affiliated with ABC before it switched to CBS.

However, WMAR formerly boasted one of the most respected sports departments in the region, thanks in large part to the presence of longtime anchor and former Baltimore Ravens radio play-by-play announcer Scott Garceau. Garceau has since left to host a show on WJZ-FM and sports director Rob Carlin left for MSG Network, meaning WMAR's newscasts no longer have a separate sports anchor. Despite this, the station lays claim to the market's most aggressive coverage of local college and high school lacrosse, arguably the most popular sport in the area among young athletes. WMAR works in partnership with ESPNU to produce the ABC 2 Lacrosse Game of the Week during the college season, featuring prime matchups involving one or more Maryland lacrosse powerhouses, including Johns Hopkins University, Loyola College in Maryland, Towson University, the University of Maryland, College Park, and the U.S. Naval Academy. Garceau continues to do play-by-play for the station's lacrosse telecasts. Quint Kessenich, four-time lacrosse All-American with Johns Hopkins, is a major contributor to lacrosse coverage and appears sporadically as a fill-in anchor, host of the station's Baltimore Blast show and field reporter for select Ravens games.

On October 4, 2010, WMAR-TV became the last station in the market and the last Scripps-owned television station at the time to begin broadcasting its local newscasts in high definition (Scripps has since acquired the television station group of McGraw-Hill; of those stations, one of them still produces its newscasts in pillarboxed 4:3 standard definition as of January 2012). On April 18, 2011, WMAR became the first television station in Baltimore to expand its weekday morning newscast to the 4:30 a.m. timeslot.[36]

Notable former on-air staff[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Nine television stations authorized by FCC" (PDF). Broadcasting - Telecasting. May 20, 1946. p. 94.
  2. ^ "WMAR Baltimore Sunpapers' television outlet launched" (PDF). Broadcasting - Telecasting. November 3, 1947. p. 85.
  3. ^ "Bus rides to music; multi-million FM advertising potential" (PDF). Broadcasting - Telecasting. February 23, 1948. p. 17.
  4. ^ "WMAR dropped: TV, FM stress planned" (PDF). Broadcasting - Telecasting. November 29, 1948. p. 23.
  5. ^ "Baltimore's 'Sun Station' moves to new quarters" (PDF). Technician Engineer. September 1963. pp. 4–7.
  6. ^ "WMAR-TV advertisement" (PDF). Broadcasting. April 1, 1963. p. 41.
  7. ^ "WMAR-TV Third CBS TV Affiliate" (PDF). Broadcasting - Telecasting. April 5, 1948. p. 30.
  8. ^ "WMAR-TV advertisement" (PDF). Broadcasting - Telecasting. April 19, 1948. p. 15.
  9. ^ Shapiro, M. Sigmund (Fall 1999). "The Saga of Samuel Shapiro & Company". Generations. Jewish Museum of Maryland. Archived from the original on February 24, 2013.
  10. ^ Rasmussen, Fred (21 September 1997). "A Tower of Power Rose Up Above City Structure". The Baltimore Sun.
  11. ^ "CBS switches affiliation to WBAL-TV in Baltimore" (PDF). Broadcasting. March 9, 1981. p. 152.
  12. ^ Zurawik, David (1 January 1995). "What The TV Switch Means for Viewers". The Baltimore Sun.
  13. ^ "In brief" (PDF). Broadcasting. May 18, 1981. p. 112.
  14. ^ [1] Archived September 1, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
  15. ^ [2] Archived September 1, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
  16. ^ a b c Siegel, Eric (9 February 1991). "$154.7 Million Purchase of WMAR-TV is Scrapped". The Baltimore Sun.
  17. ^ Sharon Warren Walsh, et. al. (29 May 1986). "Baltimore Sun Papers Sold To Times Mirror Co". The Washington Post.
  18. ^ Siegel, Eric (4 April 1991). "Final Agreement Reached in Sale of WMAR-TV". The Baltimore Sun.
  19. ^ "For the record: New stations-Applications." Broadcasting, November 25, 1991, pg. 70.
  20. ^ Zurawik, David (September 13, 1991). "Smith family seeks to take Channel 2; WBFF owners' move could shift WMAR". Baltimore Sun. Retrieved March 18, 2013.
  21. ^ Zurawik, David (June 17, 1994). "ABC-TV to Switch from WJZ to WMAR". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved September 4, 2018.
  22. ^ Foisie, Geoffrey (June 20, 1994). "ABC pre-empts CBS in Cleveland, Detroit" (PDF). Broadcasting and Cable. Retrieved March 18, 2013.
  23. ^ Zurawik, David (January 1, 1995). "Get ready, get set, get confused, in TV's big switch in Baltimore Changing Channels". Baltimore Sun. Retrieved March 18, 2013.
  24. ^ "Vehicle crashes into Channel 2 station in Towson; suspect is possibly armed". Baltimore Sun. Retrieved May 13, 2014.
  25. ^ Suspect in custody after vehicle crashes into Channel 2 station in Towson Archived July 17, 2014, at the Wayback Machine., The Baltimore Sun, May 13, 2014.
  26. ^ Baltimore TV station returns to air after man crashes truck into lobby Archived March 20, 2016, at the Wayback Machine., CNN, May 13, 2014.
  27. ^ "WMAR struggles to carry on programming while its building is locked down". The Baltimore Sun. May 13, 2014. Retrieved May 14, 2014.
  28. ^ "Man crashes truck into Baltimore TV station, claimed to be God". New York Daily News. Retrieved May 13, 2014.
  29. ^ "Man claiming to be God crashes truck into Maryland TV station". Yahoo! News (via Reuters). May 13, 2014.
  30. ^ "Maryland man charged with attempted murder after crashing truck into TV station". New York Daily News. May 14, 2014.
  31. ^ "WMAR Rebrands to Focus on Maryland Roots". TVNewsCheck. Retrieved 2018-04-16.
  32. ^ RabbitEars TV Query for WMAR
  33. ^ "DTV Tentative Channel Designations for the First and the Second Rounds" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on August 29, 2013. Retrieved March 24, 2012.
  34. ^ http://www.nab.org/repacking/clearinghouse.asp
  35. ^ Bedell Smith, Sally (August 28, 1983). "Is it time for a fourth TV network?". The New York Times.
  36. ^ Zurawik, David (18 April 2011). "WMAR Channel 2 Goes to 4:30am Newscast". The Baltimore Sun.

External links[edit]