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|City||San Antonio, Texas|
|Broadcast area||Greater San Antonio|
|Branding||Newsradio 1200 WOAI|
Fox News Radio
Spurs Radio Network
Texas Longhorns Football
The Weather Channel
|Owner||iHeartMedia, Inc. |
(iHM Licenses, LLC)
|KTKR, KXXM, KAJA, KQXT-FM, KRPT, KZEP-FM|
First air date
|September 25, 1922|
Call sign meaning
|None (randomly assigned from a sequential list)|
|Power||50,000 watts unlimited|
WOAI (1200 AM) is a San Antonio, Texas commercial radio station, which airs a news/talk format. It is owned and operated by San Antonio-based iHeartMedia, Inc., and is that company's flagship station. Studios are located in the Stone Oak neighborhood in Far North San Antonio. Its non-directional antenna transmitter site is off Santa Clara Road in Zuehl, Texas.
WOAI promotion refers to the station as the "50,000 Watt Blowtorch" of South Texas. It is a Class A clear-channel station, broadcasting fulltime at the U.S. maximum power of 50,000 watts. In the daytime, WOAI covers most of Central and South Texas, providing at least secondary coverage as far north as the Waco suburbs and as far south as Corpus Christi. With a good radio, WOAI's nighttime signal reaches much of the United States and Mexico, and parts of central Canada. However, it is strongest in the central United States. WOAI audio streaming is also available through iHeartRadio.
WOAI airs a mix of local and nationally syndicated talk shows. Weekdays begin with San Antonio's First News with Charlie Parker, followed by Glenn Beck, The Clay Travis and Buck Sexton Show, Sean Hannity, Michael Berry (based at co-owned KTRH Houston), The Jesse Kelly Show, Coast to Coast AM with George Noory and This Morning, America's First News with Gordon Deal. Joe Pagliarulo, known on the air as "Joe Pags", hosts a syndicated talk show in PM drive time based at WOAI. Weekends feature syndicated hosts Kim Komando and Bill Cunningham.
WOAI was first licensed on September 14, 1922 to the Southern Equipment Company in San Antonio. The call sign was randomly assigned from a sequential list. Although currently the Mississippi River is used as the dividing line between western "K" and eastern "W" call letters, prior to January 1923 the dividing line was located at the Texas-New Mexico border, and stations licensed earlier were allowed to keep their original call signs. Both co-owned WOAI-TV, and briefly WOAI-FM, were later also allowed to use this call sign, and WOAI and WOAI-TV are currently the westernmost stations with "W" call signs.
WOAI made its debut broadcast on September 25, 1922, from studios located in the Southern Equipment Company Building at Romana and St. Mary's Streets. Its original transmitter was rated at 500 watts, considered a high power at the time, which station publicity boasted was "a plant bigger and better than any in the south". The station was initially authorized to broadcast on both the "entertainment" wavelength of 360 meters (833 kHz) and the "market and weather reports" wavelength of 485 meters (619 kHz). However, in May 1923 the Department of Commerce, which regulated U.S. radio at this time, set aside a band of "Class B" frequencies that were reserved for stations that had quality equipment and programming. The San Antonio area was assigned exclusive use of 780 kHz, and WOAI was authorized to move to this new assignment.
Over the next few years regulators struggled to keep pace with a rapidly growing number of stations, and WOAI was moved to a variety of frequencies, beginning with 760 kHz in early 1925, followed by 940 and 600 kHz in the fall of 1927, and 1070 kHz in early 1928. On November 11, 1928, as part of the implementation of the Federal Radio Commission's General Order 40, WOAI was designated as the primary station assigned to the "clear channel" frequency of 1190 kHz. Also during this time period the station was authorized to move its transmitter site and increase its power from 500 to 1,000 watts; then to 2,000 watts, and then 5,000; and finally to 50,000 watts in 1930. On March 21, 1941, as part of a major reallocation due to the adoption of the North American Regional Broadcasting Agreement, WOAI was moved to 1200 kHz, and until the 1980s was the only station of significant power licensed to this frequency in North America.
During the 1930s, WOAI was an NBC Red Network affiliate. In the 1940s, the station developed a sizable agricultural department and aired frequent farm market reports. In 1949, WOAI-TV came on the air as San Antonio's first TV station. Because WOAI Radio was an NBC affiliate, Channel 4 was primarily an NBC-TV station, although it also carried some programs from CBS, ABC and Dumont.
In 1933 the corporate name was changed to Southland Industries, Inc., which would hold the license for more than four decades. In 1965, WOAI AM-FM-TV were acquired by the Crosley Broadcasting Corporation, originally founded in Ohio by Powel Crosley Jr. Crosley Broadcasting changed its name to Avco in 1968. On June 13, 1975, San Antonio businessmen L. Lowry Mays and BJ "Red" McCombs founded Clear Channel Communications by acquiring the WOAI radio from Avco Broadcasting. They already owned easy listening FM station KEEZ (now KAJA), acquired in 1972, and switched to a Top 40 format. Meanwhile, Avco sold WOAI-TV to United Stations which changed the call sign to KMOL-TV.
As network programming moved from radio to television in the 1950s, WOAI switched to a full service middle of the road music format, with frequent newscasts, farm reports and sports. Through the 1970s, WOAI added more talk programming, and stopped playing music by the late 1970s. In 1979, KEEZ switched its call letters to WOAI-FM, becoming in 1981 country music station KAJA "KJ*97". Through the 1980s, WOAI relied more on its newsroom and focused on local and national news, local talk shows and agricultural reports. The station also began including sports play-by-play, especially after acquiring the radio contract for all San Antonio Spurs NBA basketball games. WOAI was the radio home of the San Antonio Gunslingers in the United States Football League (USFL).
In 1998, Clear Channel acquired the parent company of Premiere Radio Networks, which syndicated national talk shows such as Rush Limbaugh, Dr. Laura, Dr. Dean Edell, The Jim Rome Show and Coast to Coast AM. Rush and Dr. Laura had already been airing in San Antonio on competitor KTSA and were switched over to WOAI's line up. WOAI news anchor Bob Guthrie celebrated 50 years on the radio station in 2006.
In 2001, Clear Channel acquired Channel 4 KMOL-TV San Antonio from Chris-Craft Industries. KMOL-TV had been WOAI-TV from its founding in 1949 until its sale in 1974. In December 2002, Clear Channel was granted permission from the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) to change the TV station's call sign back to WOAI-TV. The TV station has since been sold twice, to Newport Television and then to current owner Sinclair Broadcast Group. In May 2012, WOAI briefly added an FM simulcast over translator station K289BN at 105.7 MHz, but this only lasted for four months, and on September 19, 2012 the translator switched to simulcasting co-owned classic country station KRPT.
- "Coverage Area for WOAI 1200 AM, San Antonio, TX" (radio-locator.com)
- "New Stations", Radio Service Bulletin, October 2, 1922, page 4.
- "Mississippi Divides K and W Ether Plants", Radio Digest, March 24, 1923, page 3.
- "Southern Equipment-San Antonio Radio Station Opens Nation-Wide Broadcasting Today; Biggest in the South", San Antonio Express, September 25, 1922, page 3.
- "Miscellaneous: Amendments to Regulations", Radio Service Bulletin, January 3, 1922, page 10.
- "Radio Conference Recommendations: New Wave Lengths", Radio Age, May 1923, page 11. Beginning with these assignments radio stations ended the practice of broadcasting their market reports and weather forecasts on the separate 485 meter wavelength.
- "Alterations and Corrections", Radio Service Bulletin, June 1, 1923, page 12.
- "Alterations and Corrections", Radio Service Bulletin, February 2, 1925, page 10.
- "Alterations and Corrections", Radio Service Bulletin, October 31, 1927, page 9.
- "Alterations and Corrections", Radio Service Bulletin, November 30, 1927, page 9.
- "Alterations and Corrections", Radio Service Bulletin, March 31, 1928, page 8.
- "Broadcasting Stations, by Wave Lengths, Effective November 11, 1928", Commercial and Government Radio Stations of the United States (edition June 30, 1928), page 173.
- "Directory of Broadcasting Stations of the United States", Broadcasting Yearbook (1940 edition), page 160.
- "WOAI San Antonio Texas - Engineering and Technology History Wiki". ethw.org.
- "Broadcasting Yearbook 1968 page B-165" (PDF).
- "Broadcasting Yearbook 1977 page C-211" (PDF).
- K289BN info
- Sisario, Ben (September 16, 2014). "Clear Channel Renames Itself iHeartMedia, in an Embrace of the Digital". NYTimes.com. Retrieved August 13, 2017.
CC Media Holdings, for example, the overall corporation, will be renamed iHeartMedia Inc., and Clear Channel Communications, its major subsidiary, will become iHeartCommunications.
- Press Release (September 16, 2014). "Clear Channel Becomes iHeartMedia". ClearChannel.com. iHeartMedia. Archived from the original on September 18, 2014. Retrieved August 13, 2017.
Effective today, CC Media Holdings, Inc. (OTCCB: CCMO) will become iHeartMedia, Inc. In connection with the company's new brand, the company's ticker symbol will also change, effective September 17. Of the company's major businesses, Clear Channel Media and Entertainment will become iHeartMedia; other company brands, including iHeartRadio, Premiere Networks, Total Traffic and Weather Network, Katz Media Group and RCS, will retain their current names.
- WOAI Radio
- WOAI San Antonio Texas - Engineering and Technology History Wiki
- WOAI in the FCC AM station database
- WOAI on Radio-Locator
- WOAI in Nielsen Audio's AM station database
- FCC History Cards for WOAI (covering 1929-1981)