|Watertown, New York|
|Slogan||The two-nation station|
Your two-nation station
|Channels||Digital: 26 (UHF)|
Virtual: 16 (PSIP)
16.4: PBS Kids
|Owner||St. Lawrence Valley Educational TV Council, Inc.|
|First air date||August 20, 1971|
|Call sign meaning||Watertown|
|Former call signs||WNPE-TV (1971–1998)|
|Former channel number(s)||Analog:|
16 (UHF, 1971–2009)
41 (UHF, 2005–2019)
|Transmitter power||40 kW (STA)|
972 kW (CP)
|Height||373.3 m (1,225 ft) (STA)|
373 m (1,224 ft) (CP)
|Public license information||Profile|
|Norwood, New York|
|Branding||see WPBS-TV infobox|
|Slogan||see WPBS-TV infobox|
|Channels||Digital: 23 (UHF)|
Virtual: 18 (PSIP)
18.4: PBS Kids
|Owner||St. Lawrence Valley Educational Television Council, Inc.|
|First air date||September 5, 1971|
|Call sign meaning||Watertown/|
|Former call signs||WNPI-TV (1971−2009)|
|Former channel number(s)||Analog:|
18 (UHF, 1971–2009)
|Transmitter power||40 kW|
|Height||241.6 m (793 ft)|
|Public license information||Profile|
WPBS-TV, virtual channel 16 (UHF digital channel 26), is a Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) member television station licensed to Watertown, New York, United States and serving Upstate New York's North Country. The station is owned by the St. Lawrence Valley Educational TV Council. WPBS-TV's studios are located on Arsenal Street in Watertown, and its transmitter is located on St. Lawrence County Route 194 in Denmark.
WNPI-DT (virtual channel 18, UHF digital channel 23) in Norwood operates as a full-time satellite of WPBS; this station's transmitter is located in South Colton, New York. WNPI covers areas of northeastern New York that receive a marginal to non-existent signal from WPBS, although there is significant overlap between the two stations' contours otherwise. WNPI is a straight simulcast of WPBS; on-air references to WNPI are limited to Federal Communications Commission (FCC)-mandated hourly station identifications during programming. Aside from the transmitter, WNPI does not maintain any physical presence locally in Norwood.
The two stations combined have significant viewership in much of eastern Ontario, Canada, including Ottawa and Kingston; their station slogan "Your Two-Nation Station" reflects this Canadian audience.
The St. Lawrence Valley Educational Television Council, which was organized in 1958, originally produced educational television programming to be carried by local CBS affiliate WWNY-TV (channel 7). In 1971, it established a free-standing PBS station, WNPE-TV, using WWNY's original studios on Champion Hill as the commercial station had already relocated to a larger facility in Watertown. Full-time satellite WNPI-TV signed on a few weeks later. Outgrowing the Champion Hill location itself, WNPE moved to a new building in Watertown in 1978.
Because of its large Canadian viewership, WNPE was one of the most successful PBS stations, with fundraising totals often exceeding those of stations in much larger markets.
For a minor sum, the rights to use the WPBS call letters were purchased from a small radio station in Conyers, Georgia in the late 1990s; the call sign change to WPBS-TV took effect on September 1, 1998. Following the shutdown of analog television signals, WPBS switched to a "-DT" suffix on July 2, 2009, as did WNPI; WPBS returned to the "-TV" suffix on March 11, 2020. Despite the calls, which mimic the callsign schemes used by stations owned by ABC, NBC and CBS in New York City and Los Angeles, WPBS-TV is not an owned-and-operated station (nor is similarly-named KPBS in San Diego, California), as PBS therefore cannot own or operate any of its member stations or regional member networks due to the network's local and non-profit nature; the WPBS callsign reflects the station's affiliation and programming, but not any special status within the PBS network.
Despite its strong viewership in Canada, Rogers Cable, the main cable provider in Ottawa, announced in July 2009 that it would replace WPBS on its systems with Detroit's WTVS by mid-August to provide a higher-quality PBS feed, as WTVS could be fed via fiber optic cable rather than from over-the-air signals. Shortly after receiving this news, a Facebook campaign called 'Save WPBS in Ottawa' (later renamed 'Ottawa Loves WPBS') urging Rogers to reconsider its decision to pull the station was launched, attracting hundreds of supporters, as well as local Ottawa politicians. On July 30, 2009, it was announced that WPBS would offer a fiber-optic feed of the station for Rogers transmitted from Buffalo, New York.
Erie, Pennsylvania's WQLN, which serves viewers in the London, Ontario area through Rogers, was also threatened with removal from the Rogers system; as with WPBS, WQLN offered a fiber connection with Rogers.
WPBS-TV can be seen by a total of 2.2 million viewers. This is despite the fact it is the smallest PBS member in New York State; there are only 252,000 people in its American viewing area. However, the signal from its two towers reaches far enough to serve the Ottawa Valley region via cable. This market, with over 1.5 million people–almost six times the population of WPBS' American viewing area)–is the fourth-largest in Canada. Much of WPBS' viewer support has also come from Canadian viewers, as 70% of donations during recent pledge drives came from viewers in Ottawa. The station also maintains a mailing address in Gananoque, Ontario to service its Canadian donors.
WPBS' service area comprises mostly rural areas and small towns. The only major urban areas in its service area are Ottawa and Kingston.
The stations' digital signals are multiplexed:
|Channel||Video||Aspect||PSIP short name||Programming|
|Main programming / PBS|
The four digital subchannels are identical for both WPBS-TV and WNPI-DT.
The station had requested an increase in power from 40 kW to 60 kW for each digital transmitter. While this request had not been addressed by the U.S. Federal Communications Commission in time for WPBS/WNPI's April 12, 2009 analogue shutoff date, which was sooner than the June 12, 2009 date for American analogue stations to end, a construction permit was issued later that year for the increased-power digital facilities.
WPBS-TV's former analogue channel number (UHF 16) is currently in use by WXXI-TV in Rochester. WNPI-TV's former analogue channel number (UHF 18) and antenna location has been reassigned to WWNY-CD, a Massena rebroadcaster of Fox affiliate WNYF-CD.
WPBS produces a variety of programming for both local and national distribution. For many outside New York and the surrounding region, WPBS is synonymous with programming ranging from Rod and Reel and Streamside (distributed to PBS member stations nationally from 1985–2006). to Classical Stretch (distributed nationally since 1999 by APT). They also carry other nationally distributed programs from PBS and American Public Television.
WPBS-produced TV series
- Energy Efficiency: Enhancing Home Performance
- Bill Saiff's Rod & Reel (1985–2001, nationally distributed by PBS)
- Cabin Country
- Camp Willie
- Discovering Pets
- The Gardener (2001, a thirteen-part series).
- Journeys Of An Artist (2006, national) a thirteen-episode series combining art and travel.
- Streamside with Don Meissner
WPBS-originated programming distributed to public television stations nationally by American Public Television includes:
- Artist's World, The
- Artist's World Sketches
- CD Highway
- Classical Stretch (1999–2005)
- Cottage Country
- Flyfishing Destinations
- From A Country Garden
- Rod & Reel Streamside (2001–2006)
WPBS-originated programming distributed to public television stations by the National Educational Telecommunications Association includes:
WPBS local and regional television series
- Jefferson's Table, local wines, history and cuisine.
- Whiz Quiz, a quizbowl-style competition.
- Whiz Quiz Canada, Canadian version of Whiz Quiz.
- WPBS-LIVE!, a live call-in show presenting topics of local interest to both nations.
- "Call Sign History (WPBS-TV)". CDBS Public Access. Federal Communications Commission. Retrieved March 12, 2020.
- "Call Sign History (WNPI-DT)". CDBS Public Access. Federal Communications Commission. Retrieved March 12, 2020.
- "WPBS of New York to disappear from Ottawa TV". CBC News. July 16, 2009. Retrieved July 20, 2009.
- "WPBS to stay on in Ottawa". Watertown Daily Times. Retrieved 2015-09-04.
-  Archived August 2, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
- Ottawa Citizen: "PBS Watertown wins reprieve from Rogers", 7/30/2009.
- London Free Press: "Loss of London viewers could sink Erie station", 7/22/2009.
- London Free Press: "Rogers retains PBS affiliate WQLN", 7/31/2009.
- About PBS: List of on-air auctions by state and market size
- Public TV station evolves from using donated air time to entering the digital age, Chris Brock, Watertown NY Times, June 7, 2008
- "All the right moves: Classical-Stretch class builds flexibility and self-confidence, Susan Schwartz, Montréal Gazette, April 10 2000". Archived from the original on 2008-01-18. Retrieved 2008-06-18.
- Bio of Ed Lawrence, The Gardner
- "National Capital Commission, Ottawa-Hull, Canada". Archived from the original on 2004-08-28. Retrieved 2004-11-21.
-  Archived August 27, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
- Fishing with Don Meissner, host of Streamside
- "APT Programs". Archived from the original on 2008-11-19. Retrieved 2009-02-25.
-  Archived October 13, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
- Stretching for the next level Archived 2011-05-24 at the Wayback Machine, LYNN MOORE, The Gazette (Montréal), January 05, 2008
- Gardening Grief and Glory: Ed Lawrence Answers Your Gardening Questions, ISBN 978-0-9681210-1-6
-  Archived January 18, 2002, at the Wayback Machine
-  Archived March 12, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
- "NETA programming". Archived from the original on 2009-03-05. Retrieved 2009-02-25.
- "Fishing Behind The Lines". www.wpbstv.org. Retrieved 2016-08-11.
- [dead link]
-  Archived April 3, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
- "www.WPBSTV.org | Painting With Wilson Bickford". www.wpbstv.org. Retrieved 2016-08-11.