Fayetteville, North Carolina
|City||Durham, North Carolina|
My Chapel Hill
Digital: 28 (UHF)|
(to move to 14 (UHF))
Virtual: 28 (PSIP)
Sinclair Broadcast Group|
(Raleigh (WRDC-TV) Licensee, Inc.)
|First air date||November 4, 1968|
|Call letters' meaning||
|Sister station(s)||WLFL, WXLV-TV, WMYV, WLOS, WMYA-TV|
|Former channel number(s)||
28 (UHF, 1968–2009)
27 (UHF, until 2009)
NBC (1968–September 1995)
UPN (September 1995–Spring 1998, Summer 1998–2006)
Independent (Spring–Summer 1998)
UPN (January–September 1995)
523 kW (CP)
585 m (1,919 ft)|
596 m (1,955 ft) (CP)
|Public license information:||
WRDC, virtual and UHF digital channel 28, is a MyNetworkTV-affiliated television station licensed to Durham, North Carolina, United States and serving the Triangle region (Raleigh–Durham–Chapel Hill–Fayetteville). The station is owned by the Sinclair Broadcast Group as part of a duopoly with Raleigh-licensed CW affiliate WLFL (channel 22). The two stations share studios in the Highwoods Office Park, just outside downtown Raleigh; WRDC's transmitter is located in Auburn, North Carolina.
WRDC is carried on cable channel 12 in Durham, Raleigh, Chapel Hill, Fayetteville and most of their suburbs, and channel 10 in Cary, Garner, Clayton, Smithfield, and Carrboro. On Charter Spectrum, WRDC is shown in high definition on digital channel 1215.
In July 1952, Sir Walter Television Co. applied for WETV, a TV station to serve the Raleigh-Durham TV market. The company considered Winston-Salem, North Carolina, Roanoke, Virginia and even Durham, but selected Raleigh due to the number of colleges in the area, qualified personalities, and Reynolds Coliseum, as well as the people's strong desire for a TV station. In October, the Federal Communications Commission approved the request. On February 13, 1953, Sir Walter completed the purchase of WNAO radio (850 AM, now WPTK; and 96.1 FM, now WBBB) from the owners of The News & Observer.
The expected sign-on date was April 27, but the new station experienced numerous delays in getting transmitter equipment.
On July 12, 1953 at 5:25 p.m., WNAO-TV began broadcasting on channel 28 as the Triangle's first television station (fourteen months before WTVD debuted) and the state's first-ever UHF station. WNAO was a CBS affiliate, and had secondary affiliations with ABC, NBC, and the DuMont network. However, television manufacturers were not required to include UHF tuning capability on their sets at the time. Until the FCC required all-channel tuning in 1964, UHF stations were unviewable without a converter. Even with one, the picture was barely viewable.
With WRAL-TV (channel 5) signing on in late 1956 with an NBC affiliation, WNAO-TV was dealt another blow. The station had struggled for viewership for much of its brief existence, and the presence of a new station simply made the situation worse. Channel 28 shut down at the end of 1957.
WRDU-TV, a new Durham, N.C.-licensed channel 28 completely unrelated to the Raleigh-licensed WNAO-TV, signed on November 4, 1968. The new station had studios located on NC Highway 54 in southern Durham (currently the DaVita Dialysis Center), with a transmitter located near Terrell's Mountain in Chatham County. The station was first owned by Triangle Telecasters, headed by Durham businessman Reuben Everett, his wife Katherine and their son Robinson..
Officially, WRDU took over as the Triangle's NBC affiliate. NBC had not had a full-time affiliate in the Triangle since 1962, when WRAL-TV dropped that network in favor of ABC, leaving CBS affiliate WTVD to shoehorn NBC programming onto its schedule. Although the Triangle had long been large enough to support three full network affiliates, there were no commercial VHF allotments available, and prospective station owners were skeptical about the prospects for a UHF station in a market which stretched from Chapel Hill in the west to Goldsboro in the east. UHF stations did not cover large amounts of territory very well at the time.
Even after channel 28's sign-on, NBC continued to allow WTVD right of first refusal for its programming. WTVD chose to cherry-pick higher-rated programs from NBC and CBS (in the same way that WTVD selected the higher-rated CBS and ABC programs when WNAO was in business), leaving WRDU to carry the lower-rated shows as well as NBC's news programming. In 1971, the FCC intervened on behalf of Triangle Telecasters (in part due to the Commission's policy aims of protecting the development of UHF stations), forcing WTVD to choose one network; ultimately WTVD chose CBS. Still, the damage had been done, in terms of station identity and loyalty, making things vastly more difficult in the years to come.
Additionally, WRDU's main competitors, WTVD and WRAL, were two of the strongest performers for their respective networks, having built up followings over the previous dozen years or so on VHF channels—the same problem that derailed WNAO-TV essentially remained unchanged. WRDU also had to deal with longer-established NBC affiliates in nearby Winston-Salem (WSJS-TV, now WXII), Washington (WITN-TV) and Wilmington (WECT) being available over the air with strong VHF signals in much of the surrounding area. Channel 28's transmitter was located on the Orange-Chatham County line, providing only a grade B signal in Raleigh itself and rendering it practically unviewable over-the-air in southern and eastern Wake County.
However, one problem that could not be blamed on outside factors was Triangle Telecasters' frequent preemption of network shows for syndicated programs, presumably because it believed it could get more revenue from local advertising than from network airtime payments. As NBC's popularity declined precipitously through the 1970s, WRDU only increased the number of preemptions.
Sale to Durham Life
The Durham Life Insurance Company, which owned the Triangle's oldest radio station, WPTF (680 AM), bought WRDU-TV from the Everetts in May 1977 and changed its callsign to WPTF-TV on August 14 of the following year. This was Durham Life's second attempt to get into television; it had previously bid for the channel 5 allotment in 1956 before the FCC awarded the license to the much smaller Capitol Broadcasting, owner of WRAL (1240 AM) and WRAL-FM (101.5) as WRAL-TV. Durham Life invested a large amount of money into its new purchase, building a new 1,300-foot (400 m) transmitter tower near Apex, which gave the station a coverage area comparable to those of WTVD and WRAL-TV. It also heavily invested in the station's news department, and added a kids' show entitled Barney's Army, which ran from 1978 to 1983. However, channel 28 was still reeling from the audience-loyalty problems it had inherited from Triangle Telecasters. It did not help that this came when NBC was experiencing the worst of its 1970s ratings slump.
WRAL and WTVD switched affiliations in 1985 after WTVD's owner, Capital Cities Communications, bought ABC, but WPTF saw little windfall from the switch. Even by the mid-late 1980s, with NBC's powerful primetime lineup then, WPTF-TV was dead last in the Triangle television ratings. It even trailed WLFL, an independent station (and later, a Fox affiliate) that had only been on the air since 1981. The station also continued to preempt NBC programming, albeit at a reduced rate compared to the amount of network shows it declined in the 1970s. This did not sit very well with NBC, which has historically been far less tolerant of preemptions than the other networks.
In the summer of 1991, Durham Life broke up its entire broadcasting unit and sold off individual stations to various owners. WPTF-TV was sold to Paul Brisette, who changed the callsign to WRDC on October 25th, after the three major cities in the Triangle (Raleigh, Durham and Chapel Hill), and rebranded the station as "TRI-28". The new owners made the station profitable almost immediately. However, this momentum stalled when Brissette laid off virtually the entire news department in a cost-cutting move in July 1991.
By the mid-1990s, NBC lost patience with WRDC and began looking to move its programming to another station. The network had grown increasingly frustrated with its poor performance in one of the fastest-growing markets in the country. When WNCN (channel 17, formerly WYED-TV), licensed to Goldsboro but located just outside Raleigh in Clayton, boosted its signal to five million watts to provide greater coverage to the Triangle market, NBC finally saw an opportunity. WNCN's owner, Outlet Communications, had very good relations with NBC; it owned WJAR-TV in Providence, Rhode Island and WCMH-TV in Columbus, Ohio, which were two of NBC's strongest and longest-standing affiliates. Although WNCN had just affiliated with the new WB Television Network, NBC quickly cut a deal with Outlet to move its Triangle affiliation to WNCN.
However, NBC's contract with WRDC did not run out until September 3, 1995. Starting in January 1995, WNCN began airing all of the NBC programming that WRDC had turned down. When NBC's affiliation contract with WRDC ran out in September, WRDC became a full affiliate of the United Paramount Network (UPN), which started operations around the time The WB started. It had already been airing UPN programming during the late night hours since that network started operations in January. As such, WRDC no longer had a decent amount of programming to preempt, since UPN only programmed on Monday and Tuesday nights at the time, and would never air any programming on weekends. WRDC also picked up several syndicated shows that WNCN no longer had time to air.
Brisette began sinking under the weight of massive financial problems and merged his group with Benedek Broadcasting later in 1995 (a year earlier, a sale to the Communications Corporation of America was approved by the FCC but never consummated). However, since the merger left Benedek one station over FCC ownership limits of the time, WRDC was sold to Glencairn Ltd. Glencairn was owned by Edwin Edwards, a former executive with WLFL's owner, the Sinclair Broadcast Group. The Smith family, founders and owners of Sinclair, held 97% of Glencairn's stock, leading to allegations that Sinclair was using Glencairn to do an end run around FCC rules forbidding television station duopolies. Sinclair further circumvented the rules by taking over WRDC's operations under a local marketing agreement, with WLFL was the senior partner. However, the combined operation was and still is based at WRDC's former studios in the Highwoods complex. Similar arrangements were in place at Glencairn's other eight stations. The FCC eventually fined Sinclair $40,000 for its illegal control of Glencairn.
Channel 28 briefly dropped its UPN affiliation in the spring of 1998 and became an independent station, as did most of the UPN-affiliated stations that Sinclair either owned or controlled, due to a dispute between UPN and Sinclair. During the dispute, UPN programming was available in the Raleigh market via off-market stations, such as WUPN (Greensboro) and WILM-LD (Wilmington) on cable providers in the Raleigh, Durham, and Fayetteville areas and via Dish Network satellite services. However, UPN and Sinclair patched up their dispute, and UPN programming returned to WRDC in the summer. Sinclair purchased WRDC outright in 2001; this was possible because WNCN had by this time passed WRDC as the fourth-rated station in the Triangle. The FCC's duopoly rules prohibit one company to own two of the four highest-rated stations by total viewership in a single market.
As a MyNetworkTV affiliate
On January 24, 2006, Time Warner and CBS Corporation announced that The WB and UPN (which had only used its initials as its official name since 2000) would merge their higher-rated programs onto a new network, The CW. The news of the merger resulted in Sinclair announcing, two months later, that most of its UPN and WB affiliates, including WRDC, would join MyNetworkTV, a new service formed by the News Corporation, which is also owner of the Fox network. Sister station WLFL, which had been a WB affiliate since 1998, took the CW affiliation a few months later. This gave North Carolina two CW/MyNetworkTV duopolies, the other being WJZY/WMYT-TV in Charlotte. In both cases, the MyNetworkTV affiliate is the junior partner.
On May 15, 2012, Sinclair and Fox agreed to a five-year affiliation agreement extension for Sinclair's 19 Fox-affiliated stations until 2017. This included an option, that was exercisable between July 1, 2012 and March 31, 2013, for Fox parent News Corporation to buy a combination of six Sinclair-owned stations (two CW/MyNetworkTV duopolies and two standalone MyNetworkTV affiliates) in three out of four markets; WLFL and WRDC were included in the Fox purchase option, along with stations in Cincinnati (WSTR-TV), Norfolk (WTVZ) and Las Vegas (KVCW and KVMY). In January 2013, Fox announced that it would not exercise its option to buy any of the Sinclair stations in the four aforementioned markets.
The station's digital signal is multiplexed:
|Channel||Video||Aspect||PSIP Short Name||Programming|
|28.1||720p||16:9||WRDC-HD||Main WRDC programming / MyNetworkTV|
WRDC discontinued regular programming on its analog signal, over UHF channel 28, on February 17, 2009, five months ahead of the official date in which full-power television stations in the United States transitioned from analog to digital broadcasts under federal mandate. It was one of three stations in the Triangle market, along with WLFL and WRAY-TV, that decided to switch on that date, even though the official transition date had been changed to June 12, 2009. Although it had an assigned digital channel that it would move to post-transition that differed from its original digital channel, WRDC continued to broadcast its digital signal on its pre-transition allocation (UHF channel 27). At noon on June 12, the station's digital signal relocated to UHF channel 28.
In 1986, WPTF erected a 2,000-foot (610 m) transmitter tower near Auburn, North Carolina, in an attempt to increase its signal coverage to include Fayetteville and other cities located south and east of Raleigh. That tower collapsed in December 1989, during an early morning winter ice storm that also claimed the nearby tower of WRAL-TV. WPTF managed to get back on the air several hours later by rebroadcasting its signal on both WYED-TV (now WNCN) for the Raleigh-Durham area and WFCT-TV (channel 62, now WFPX-TV) for the Fayetteville area.
A month following the WYED/WFCT simulcast, WPTF reactivated its old tower near Apex, which it had used from 1978 to 1986, allowing the station to resume its broadcasts on channel 28 as usual. That same tower was dismantled several years later and then donated to classical radio station WCPE-FM, who reassembled it at a spot near its studios in Wake Forest, North Carolina in 1993. WPTF would eventually join WRAL-TV in 1991 on a newly built 1,989-foot (606 m) broadcast tower at the latter's previous site, which also included the transmission signal for WRAL-FM, WQDR-FM, and a couple of low-power television stations in the area. Four years later, WRAZ would sign on from the tower as well. In the early 2000s, the digital signals of WRAL-TV, WRAZ and WRDC signed on from an adjacent 2,000-foot candelabra tower, which also includes the antennae for WLFL and WNCN. After the digital transition of 2009, WRDC-DT returned to full-time, full-power transmission of its digital signal from the same facilities, including transmission line and antenna, as the original analog transmitters, while sister station WLFL moved to WRDC's transitional UHF channel 27 facilities on the candelabra.
Shortly after signing on, WRDU established a news department. For many years, the station's newscasts placed last among the Triangle market's television stations, behind WRAL and WTVD. After Durham Life bought the station, it poured significant resources into the station's news department. Despite this, the news department, even with the power boost and increased resources, remained stubbornly in the ratings basement. This was in marked contrast to its radio sister WPTF, one of the most respected radio news operations in North Carolina.
On July 31, 1991, in a cost-cutting move, new owner Brissette Broadcasting fired nearly the entire news staff and most of the production crew. One disgruntled ex-employee, in a bitter joke, suggested that the station's new WRDC callsign really stood for "We Really Don't Care." WRDC lost a good deal of credibility as a result and never recovered. The station continued to employ a single anchor/reporter to helm local news updates that would air during NBC network shows and syndicated programming; these newsbriefs eventually were discontinued outright in 1994, leaving WRDC without locally-based news programming for the station's remaining two years as an NBC affiliate, with the only news programming being aired coming from NBC News. The station has not run any news programming since becoming a UPN station.
- Teresa Leonard, "TV makes debut in Raleigh," News & Observer, July 10, 2013, p. 1B.
- "Flipping the switch..." Broadcasting - Telecasting, July 20, 1953, pg. 62. [permanent dead link]
- "WNAO-TV to go black, joins WTOB-TV in Ch. 8 shift plea." Broadcasting - Telecasting, December 30, 1957, pg. 10. [permanent dead link]
- "UHF's bright outlook cited at dedications." Broadcasting, February 10, 1969, pg. 60. [permanent dead link]
- "Economics blamed for UHF ills." Broadcasting, December 29, 1969, pg. 56. [permanent dead link]
- "Networks, V's balk at aid for UHF's." Broadcasting, September 21, 1970, pg. 40. [permanent dead link]
- "One (network) to a customer." Broadcasting, March 29, 1971, pg. 67. [permanent dead link]
- "In brief." Broadcasting, December 6, 1976, pg. 22[permanent dead link]
- "Under new management." Broadcasting, July 25, 1977, pg. 80[permanent dead link]
- 'Gilmore Girls' meet 'Smackdown'; CW Network to combine WB, UPN in CBS-Warner venture beginning in September, CNNMoney.com, January 24, 2006.
- UPN and WB to Combine, Forming New TV Network, The New York Times, January 24, 2006.
- News Corp. Unveils MyNetworkTV, Broadcasting & Cable, February 22, 2006.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on May 2, 2012. Retrieved September 9, 2012.
- Sinclair Reups With Fox, Gets WUTB Option, TVNewsCheck, May 15, 2012.
- Sinclair In An Acquisition State Of Mind, TVNewsCheck, February 6, 2013.
- RabbitEars TV Query for WRDC
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-09-27. Retrieved 2012-09-02.
- "DTV Tentative Channel Designations for the First and Second Rounds" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-08-29. Retrieved 2012-03-24.
- "Name change obvious". The News and Observer. 8 November 1991. Retrieved 27 July 2011.
- My RDC website
- Raleigh Tower Disaster - includes pictures of the WRAL and WPTF-TV towers, which were destroyed in a December 1989 ice storm
- Query the FCC's TV station database for WRDC
- BIAfn's Media Web Database -- Information on WRDC-TV