|Broadcast area||Harrisburg, Pennsylvania|
|Slogan||"Harrisburg's Hottest Hits"|
|Frequency||93.5 MHz (also on HD Radio)|
|Translator(s)||96.5 W243BR (Harrisburg, simulcasts HD2)|
|First air date||November 1, 1978|
|Format||Analog/HD1: Top 40
HD2: Sports radio
|Callsign meaning||We're KooL (former branding "Cool 92.1")|
|Former callsigns||WQVE (1978-1983)
(Cumulus Licensing LLC)
|Sister stations||WHGB, WZCY-FM,
WWKL (93.5 FM, "Hot 93.5") is a commercial FM radio station licensed to serve Mechanicsburg, Pennsylvania. The station is owned by Cumulus Media, Inc. and broadcasts a Top 40 format. Its broadcast tower is located on Reesers Summit in Fairview Township, York County at ( ).
The station signed on for the first time in 1978 as WQVE with its branding as "QV93" under ownership of West Shore Broadcasting. The branding was changed to "Magic 93" in 1982, followed by a call sign change to WKCD.
In 1985, "FM104" WTPA changed call signs to WNNK and its branding to "Wink 104". At that time, Jim O'Leary was an owner of WKCD, and his wife, Carol, was the General Manager at FM104. The two organized a transfer of the WTPA call sign and the station's rock music format to 93.5. In 1987, WTPA relocated its transmitter to a location closer to Harrisburg, along with an increase in effective radiated power from 535 to 830 watts.
By the late 1990s, AMFM, Inc. owned WTPA. AMFM was purchased by Clear Channel Communications in a deal announced on October 3, 1999, and valued at $17.4 billion. As a condition of the Clear Channel-AMFM merger, the United States Department of Justice forced the new company to sell 99 radio stations in 27 markets in United States. WTPA was one, as well as Harrisburg-area stations WNNK-FM, WTCY and WNCE-FM. All went to Cumulus Media.
In 2011, the United States Department of Justice approved the purchase of Citadel Broadcasting by Cumulus, provided that Cumulus divest itself of three stations, two of which were WWKL and WCAT-FM as well as the "intellectual property" of WTPA. Cumulus chose to swap the WTPA and WWKL licenses, effectively moving WTPA and its classic rock format to 92.1 and WWKL and its contemporary hit radio format to 93.5. Following the swap, the station changed its branding to "Hot 93.5".
Cumulus Broadcasting began adding HD Radio equipment to some of its stations in 2005. One of the first ten stations to receive the new technology was WTPA, now WWKL.
- "Station Search Details". Federal Communications Commission. Retrieved 2016-04-16.
- Broadcasting & Cable Yearbook 1999 (PDF). 1999. p. D-380. Retrieved April 23, 2017.
- "HOT 93.5 Media Kit" (PDF). Station Profiles & Information. Cumulus Media. Retrieved 2016-04-28.
- "FM Query Results for WWKL, Federal Communications Commission". Retrieved 2016-04-28.
- Portzline, Timothy (2011). Harrisburg Broadcasting. Charleston, South Carolina: Arcadia. p. 87. ISBN 9780738575070.
- Portzline, Timothy (2011). Harrisburg Broadcasting. Charleston, South Carolina: Arcadia. p. 99. ISBN 9780738575070.
- "FCC FM Broadcast Station Construction Permit" (PDF). Retrieved 2014-07-27.
- "Clear Channel gets AMFM". CNNMoney. 1999-10-04. Retrieved 2011-11-03.
- "Clear Channel-AMFM Merger Gets Approval". Los Angeles Times. Washington. 2000-08-30. Retrieved 2016-04-28.
- "Cumulus gets antitrust OK to buy Citadel". Reuters. 2011-09-08. Retrieved 2016-04-28.
- Venta, Lance (2011-09-15). "DOJ Approves Cumulus/Citadel Merger Pending Additional Spinoffs". RadioInsight.com. Retrieved 2016-04-28.
- "Radio dial rotates 93.5 WTPA, HOT 92.1 and other area stations are undergoing changes". Archived from the original on July 28, 2014. Retrieved July 27, 2014.
- Fybush, Scott (2011-09-12). "NY, PA Flooded; WEEI Moves to FM". NorthEast Radio Watch. Retrieved 2016-04-28.
- Harnett, Mary Beth (2006-04-24). "Harris Corporation Announces Multi-Deal Agreement as Exclusive HD Radio(TM) Supplier to Cumulus Broadcasting". EE Times. UBM Canon.[dead link]
- HOT 93.5 WWKL official website
- Query the FCC's FM station database for WWKL
- Radio-Locator information on WWKL
- Query Nielsen Audio's FM station database for WWKL
- Query the FCC's FM station database for W243BR
- Radio-Locator information on W243BR