WYMT-TV

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WYMT-TV
Semi-satellite of WKYT-TV,
Lexington, Kentucky
WYMT-TV logo.png
Hazard, Kentucky
United States
ChannelsDigital: 12 (VHF)
Virtual: 57 (PSIP)
BrandingYour Mountain Television WYMT
(general)
WYMT Mountain News (newscasts)
SloganDedicated to Eastern Kentucky
Programming
Affiliations57.1: CBS (since 1985)
57.2: Heroes & Icons
57.3: Circle (O&O)
Ownership
OwnerGray Television
(Gray Television Licensee, LLC)
WKYT-TV, WAVE, WBKO, WXIX-TV, WSAZ-TV, WFIE, KFVS-TV, WQTV-LP/WQWQ-LP
History
First air date
October 20, 1969 (51 years ago) (1969-10-20)
Former call signs
WKYH-TV (1969–1985)
Former channel number(s)
Analog:
57 (UHF, 1969–2009)
Analog/DT1:
NBC (1970–1985)
DT2:
This TV (2014–2017)
Call sign meaning
We're Your Mountain Television
Technical information
Licensing authority
FCC
Facility ID24915
ERP50 kW
HAAT397.6 m (1,304 ft)
Transmitter coordinates37°11′38″N 83°10′52″W / 37.19389°N 83.18111°W / 37.19389; -83.18111
Links
Public license information
Profile
LMS
Websitewww.wymt.com

WYMT-TV, virtual channel 57 (VHF digital channel 12), is a CBS-affiliated television station licensed to Hazard, Kentucky, United States and serving the Eastern Kentucky Coalfield region. The station is owned by Gray Television. WYMT-TV's studios are located on Black Gold Boulevard off the KY 15 bypass in Hazard, and its transmitter is located south of the city in Perry County.

Although identifying as a separate station in its own right, WYMT is actually considered a semi-satellite of WKYT-TV (channel 27) in Lexington. As such, it clears all network programming as provided through its parent station but airs a separate offering of syndicated programming; there are also separate local newscasts, commercial inserts and legal station identifications. Master control and some internal operations are based at WKYT's facilities on Winchester Road in Lexington.

History[edit]

As an NBC affiliate[edit]

The station began broadcasting on analog UHF channel 57 as WKYH-TV (meaning KentuckY, Hazard) on October 20, 1969, acquiring an NBC affiliation in 1970.[1] Prior to its inception, some counties in southeastern Kentucky were among the last remaining parts of the country unable to clearly receive a commercial television signal over the air. Kentucky Educational Television had set up a transmitter there the year before; as such, it represented a highly unusual instance where public television was made available to an audience before that of a commercial broadcaster. Although this area is considered part of the Lexington market, none of that city's television signals covered the area at the time. Lexington was an all-UHF market, and UHF stations don't get good reception in rugged terrain. This area has long been one of the poorest in the nation, and many people still couldn't afford to buy a television set; others, especially highly religious households, did not want them in their homes, fearing supposedly evil, secular influences, especially on their children, a cultural trait very much indigenous to Appalachia. Such conditions made the Lexington stations unwilling to set up even low-powered satellites or translators in this area. Instead, WKYH was founded by local businessman Bill Gorman, who, in addition to owning the Hazard-area cable television company, also served as mayor of Hazard from 1978 until his October 2010 death.[2] Martin Ogrosky served as News Director and in other positions along with William "Bill" Helton, William "Bill" Gorman, Jr., and others.

In keeping with the region's strong musical traditions, country, bluegrass, and Southern Gospel music constituted a good part of WKYH's early local programs. These shows lasted well into the 1980s (in the case of the Goins Brothers, as late as 1994) after country-music programs had fallen out of favor even on other Southern stations. Religious programming from local ministers and churches was shown almost daily in the early years as well, not just on Sundays as was the norm elsewhere then.

Throughout its entire run as WKYH, the station's on-air look was very primitive, even by small-market standards. Much of its equipment had been bought as surplus from other stations, and was usually in a poor state of repair after as much as two decades of use. This was especially true of the transmitter; by the early 1980s the station's signal had deteriorated to the point of unacceptability. A video clip of the station's nightly sign-off from 1985 provided evidence of the shaky signal quality.[3][4] Matters weren't helped by the fact that the station's coverage area is very mountainous; UHF stations do not get much penetration in rugged terrain even under the best conditions. WKYH did not even have a character generator for its newscasts. The station was unable to get a network feed, due to NBC's belief that it was not worth the trouble and cost, forcing station engineers to rely on microwave links from WLEX-TV in Lexington and WCYB-TV in Bristol, Virginia (from the Tri-Cities market) for network programming. WCYB was used as a backup in case WLEX preempted an NBC show to show local programming. Whenever the microwave system failed, WKYH was forced to switch to and from WLEX or WCYB's signal, usually with less-than-satisfactory results. When this happened, WKYH sometimes aired WLEX or WCYB's commercials or station IDs when it was unable to cover them up in time. As such, the station never thrived, even when cable arrived in the area in the early 1980s, and this situation allowed, in a strange way, WKYH to relate to NBC during the period when that network was presided over by Fred Silverman.

New ownership to present[edit]

In June 1985, Gorman sold the station to Kentucky Central Insurance Company, then owner of WKYT.[5] After approval of the sale, the new owner changed the calls on the morning of Saturday, October 19 of that year to the current WYMT, meaning We're Your Mountain Television.[6] The old WKYH callsign now exists on a Paintsville-licensed AM radio station in nearby Johnson County which, incidentally, launched in 1985 as WKLW. WYMT's then-new owner also changed the station's affiliation to CBS to match that of WKYT.[7] With wealthier ownership, WYMT was able to build a much more modern studio and a stronger transmitter. The station also got a significant on-air facelift, making it look much more modern. When Kentucky Central went bankrupt in 1993, WYMT and WKYT were bought by Gray Communications (now Gray Television). In 2004, WYMT’s digital television companion was assigned VHF channel 12 as its final transmission frequency. One benefit to viewers in the area is that VHF signals "bend" over mountainous terrain better than UHF. This not only greatly improved WYMT's signal, but made reception available over a larger area than was previously available, even after the FCC-mandated digital transition of 2009. For several years after, non-HD programming aired stretched out until technical upgrades allowed those programs to air in HD.

As of February 17, 2009, WYMT broadcasts exclusively in digital. WYMT remains the only full-power commercial station in Hazard, and cable or satellite is necessary to receive any other major commercial network affiliates. WYMT is not carried on satellite because Hazard is in the Lexington market; accordingly, WKYT must be provided to the area, and satellite providers have a right not to carry a duplicate network affiliate in the same market due to bandwidth limitations. Gray Television applied to the FCC to carve out a unique satellite carriage area for WYMT alone, including the easternmost portion of the Lexington market and Kentucky counties assigned to the Tri-Cities, Knoxville, and CharlestonHuntington markets. DirecTV and Dish Network argued it would be technically and economically infeasible, as they would be required to create a new spot beam for this particular area, and cited their right to refuse carriage. The FCC agreed with the satellite companies, and ruled against Gray on May 16, 2018.[8]

Digital television[edit]

Digital channels[edit]

The station's digital signal is multiplexed:

Channel Video Aspect PSIP Short Name Programming[9]
57.1 1080i 16:9 WYMT-TV Main WYMT-TV programming / CBS
57.2 720p H&I Heroes & Icons
57.3 480i Circle Circle

Analog-to-digital conversion[edit]

WYMT-TV shut down its analog signal, over UHF channel 57, on February 17, 2009, the original target date in which full-power television stations in the United States were to transition from analog to digital broadcasts under federal mandate (which was later pushed back to June 12, 2009). The station's digital signal remained on its pre-transition VHF channel 12.[10] Through the use of PSIP, digital television receivers display the station's virtual channel as its former UHF analog channel 57, which was among the high band UHF channels (52-69) that were removed from broadcasting use as a result of the transition.

WYMT-DT2[edit]

WYMT-DT2's former logo.

In 2009, WYMT-DT2 was launched as a standard-definition simulcast of WKYT. The simulcast ended on August 1, 2014, when that simulcast was replaced by the This TV network that provides classic movies and a few classic TV shows. Some additional syndicated programming is also broadcast on the DT2 subchannel. In early 2017, This TV was replaced with the Weigel Broadcasting-operated Heroes & Icons network.

WYMT coverage area[edit]

WYMT serves 20 counties[11] in the eastern part of Kentucky. It also serves several counties in southwest Virginia and western West Virginia, and appears on cable television in Claiborne County, Tennessee. It primarily serves the eight easternmost counties of the Lexington market (including Perry County, home to Hazard itself). However, its claimed coverage area includes portions of three additional DMAs. The easternmost counties (Pike, Floyd, Martin, Johnson, and Lawrence) are in the Huntington–Charleston, West Virginia market (home territory for sister station and NBC affiliate WSAZ-TV). Letcher and Leslie counties in Kentucky, Wise County including the independent city of Norton, Dickenson County including Clintwood in Virginia are in the Tri-Cities DMA. WYMT also claims to serve Bell, Harlan, and McCreary counties, which are part of the Knoxville market (home territory for sister station and fellow CBS affiliate WVLT-TV).

Programming[edit]

General programming[edit]

Since 1985, WYMT has cleared the entire CBS network schedule. Syndicated programs on WYMT include The King of Queens, The Andy Griffith Show, and Family Feud.

Sports programming[edit]

WYMT and WKYT regularly broadcast Kentucky Wildcats content, due partly to WKYT's status as the television flagship of the UK Sports Network (historically the Big Blue Sports Network),[12] and also due to the Southeastern Conference's broadcast contracts with CBS Sports. In addition to CBS Sports content, both WYMT and WKYT also broadcast the syndicated package of SEC college football and men's basketball games from Raycom Sports (formerly Jefferson-Pilot and Lincoln Financial Sports) from the 1980s until 2009, when Raycom lost the SEC syndication rights.[13] In 2009, the station began carrying the ESPN Plus-operated syndication service SEC TV (formerly SEC Network), which ceased operations in 2014 because of the launch of the new SEC Network, which is the cable- and satellite-only channel operated by ESPN.[14]

From 2014 to 2019, WYMT-DT2 served as the local home of Raycom's ACC Network, the syndicated package of Atlantic Coast Conference football and basketball. This ended with the launch of ESPN's pay TV-only ACC Network in August 2019.

Locally produced programs[edit]

  • Appalachian Wireless Sports Overtime
  • Issues & Answers: The Mountain Edition
  • Sports Overtime Saturday Night

Newscasts[edit]

In the 1970s and 1980s as WKYH, the newscasts were known as 57 NewsService.

The first newscast as WYMT was broadcast on the evening of October 21, 1985.[15] Currently during the week, WYMT produces separate morning, 4, 5:30, 6, and 11 o'clock newscasts on weekdays. It simulcasts WKYT's weekday noon (though only the first half hour) and 5 p.m. broadcasts. WYMT also produces their own morning, 6 and 11 p.m. newscast on the weekends. Although WKYT has been airing newscasts in high definition since April 11, 2007, WYMT simulcast them in standard definition. In addition to its main studios, WYMT operates one news bureau in downtown Pikeville. There are additional WKYT reporters seen on this station.

In WYMT weather segments, it uses regional National Weather Service radar data presented on-screen in a system called "Live Pinpoint Doppler". WKYT operates its own weather radar called "Live First Alert Defender".[16] Sports Overtime is WYMT's weekly sports show that airs on Friday nights from August to April which covers high school athletics. A Saturday edition focusing on college sports aired from 2006 to 2008, and returned in 2013 with the return of weekend news. On April 15, 2014, the station began broadcasting its newscasts in HD, using robotic HD cameras, and introducing new graphics and music.[17]

Notable former on-air staff[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ ”Directory of Radio Stations in the United States and Canada”. Broadcasting Yearbook 1974. Washington, DC: Broadcasting Publications, Inc. 1974, A-22. [1]
  2. ^ "Longtime Hazard Mayor Bill Gorman dies at 86". WYMT.com. Gray Television. October 9, 2010. Retrieved October 9, 2010.
  3. ^ http://www.tv-signoffs.com/clips/WKYH-signoff-1985_0831.htm
  4. ^ WKYH TV Hazard Kentucky Sign Off. WOBZTV9. October 20, 2008 – via YouTube.
  5. ^ ”Directory of Radio Stations in the United States and Canada”. Broadcasting Yearbook 1986. Washington, DC: Broadcasting Publications, Inc. 1986, C-26. [2]
  6. ^ [ WYMT’s First Newscast] (October 21, 1985) -- via YouTube.
  7. ^ ”Directory of Radio Stations in the United States and Canada”. Broadcasting Yearbook 1987. Washington, DC: Broadcasting Publications, Inc. 1987, C-26. [3]
  8. ^ "Gray Television Licensee, LLC, for Modification of the Television Market for WYMT-TV, Hazard, Kentucky" (PDF). Federal Communications Commission. May 16, 2018. Retrieved May 17, 2018.
  9. ^ RabbitEars TV Query for WYMT
  10. ^ "DTV Tentative Channel Designations for the First and the Second Rounds" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-03-24.
  11. ^ "WYMT Market Information". WYMT-TV. 14 September 2006. Retrieved 25 February 2010.
  12. ^ "UK IMG Sports Network Affiliates". UKAthletics.com. Retrieved October 17, 2011.
  13. ^ 1997 SEC Basketball Schedule. Jefferson Pilot Sports. Archived from the original January 5, 1997. Retrieved July 27, 2014.
  14. ^ "Affiliate List". Southeastern Conference. Retrieved September 23, 2010.
  15. ^ WYMT's First newscast. WYMT Television. October 19, 2016 – via YouTube.
  16. ^ “First Alert Defender”. WKYT-TV. Retrieved October 2, 2010.
  17. ^ http://www.wkyt.com/wymt/home/headlines/WYMT-Mountain-News-High-Definition--255225371.html

External links[edit]