W (New York City Subway service)
Note: This map shows the final W service pattern from February 22, 2004 until June 25, 2010. This pattern will be re-used on the restored W service.
|Northern end||Astoria – Ditmars Boulevard|
|Southern end||Whitehall Street – South Ferry|
|Discontinued||June 25, 2010|
The W Broadway Local is a non-operational rapid transit service of the New York City Subway's B Division. It last ran from July 21, 2001 to June 25, 2010. Its route emblem, or "bullet", is colored sunflower yellow since it used the BMT Broadway Line in Manhattan. In addition to the Broadway Line, the W served the BMT Astoria Line in Queens, using the 60th Street Tunnel to travel under the East River between Queens and Manhattan. It also ran in Brooklyn until 2004, serving the BMT Fourth Avenue and West End lines.
As a part of the updated service pattern to accommodate the opening of the Second Avenue Subway, the Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) plans to restore the W on November 7, 2016, using its original emblem and 2004–2010 routing. Internally, the W will be a branch of the N route, similar to the route of N trains that ran local to Whitehall Street in the 1970s and 1980s.
The W was originally conceived as an extra Broadway Line local service running on the Astoria and Broadway lines to Whitehall Street. Reconstruction of the Manhattan Bridge between 1986 and 2004 forced the N train, which normally ran express on the Broadway Line and on the Bridge, to run local via the Montague Street Tunnel. This service change precluded W local service from running as envisioned. The W bullet appeared on roll signs as a yellow diamond bullet, but on the R68s and R68As, round bullet signs were installed. The W also appeared on the digital signs of the R44s and R46s with any route and designation combination that could be used for the Broadway Line.
The W was introduced on July 22, 2001 when the Manhattan Bridge north tracks (leading to the IND Sixth Avenue Line) closed for reconstruction. The Bridge's south side tracks, which led to the Broadway Line, reopened after being closed since 1988. The B had run full-time from Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue to Manhattan via the BMT West End Line and Manhattan Bridge north tracks onto the Sixth Avenue Line, but it had to be split when the north side tracks closed. This split had already been made from 1986 to 1988, when a part-time orange B only ran north of 34th Street on the Sixth Avenue Line. At the same time, a full-time yellow B ran from Coney Island in Brooklyn across the south side of the bridge and up the BMT Broadway Line into Queens (at nights however, this yellow B only ran in Brooklyn). This old pattern was effectively restored in 2001, but instead of having two "B" services, the yellow B was instead named the W. This route began at Coney Island and ran up the West End Line (local), BMT Fourth Avenue Line (express), Manhattan Bridge south tracks, Broadway Line (express, switching to the local tracks for 49th Street), and BMT Astoria Line (express during rush hours in the peak direction until 9:30 PM, local otherwise) to Astoria – Ditmars Boulevard. Evening service ended at 57th Street in Manhattan (using the express tracks and bypassing 49th Street), late night service at 36th Street in Brooklyn, and weekend service at Atlantic Avenue – Pacific Street in Brooklyn.
After September 11, 2001, Broadway Line service in Lower Manhattan was suspended; the N was completely suspended and W trains ran at all times between Ditmars Boulevard and Coney Island. It made all stops except in Brooklyn north of 36th Street. During late nights, it ran in two sections, between Ditmars Boulevard and 34th Street (skipping 49th Street northbound) and in Brooklyn between 36th Street and Coney Island. Normal service on both trains resumed on October 28, 2001.
The Astoria express service, being unpopular with residents, was discontinued on January 15, 2002. Around that time, evening service was extended from 57th Street to Astoria.
Beginning on September 8, 2002, when Coney Island – Stillwell Avenue station underwent reconstruction, the W became a full-time Coney Island–Astoria service; at the time, it was the only line directly serving Coney Island, as all the other lines that normally did so had been cut short. Late night and weekend service was sent via the Montague Street Tunnel and the local tracks of the Fourth Avenue and Broadway Lines; the N ran only in Brooklyn at those times.
When all four tracks on the Manhattan Bridge were restored to service on February 22, 2004, the W was changed to its final service pattern, running weekdays only from 7:00 a.m. to 9:30 p.m. (7:00 to 21:30) as an entirely local service between Ditmars Boulevard and Whitehall Street – South Ferry, Lower Manhattan. The Brooklyn portion was replaced by the D, which was extended over the north side of the bridge and down the West End Line. Because there was not enough room to store W trains on the lower level tracks at City Hall, the first three W trains of the day entered service at 86th Street in Gravesend, Brooklyn and the last three trains of the night continued in service to Kings Highway. These trips ran local in Brooklyn via the Montague Street Tunnel, BMT Fourth Avenue and BMT Sea Beach lines.
On July 27, 2008, the W was extended to run until 11:00 p.m.
On March 24, 2010, the MTA announced the elimination of the W due to financial shortfalls with the N and Q replacing it. The N train became a full-time local, making all stops north of Canal Street. The Q was extended to Astoria-Ditmars Boulevard on weekdays. Passengers riding between Canal Street and Whitehall Street would have to switch to the R. The W ceased operation on Friday, June 25, 2010, along with the V, with the last train bound for Astoria – Ditmars Boulevard leaving Whitehall Street – South Ferry at 10:50 p.m.
In July 2015, the MTA announced that it was considering restoring the W in its 2004-2010 service pattern once the first phase of the new Second Avenue Subway opens. When this new line opens (expected for December 2016), the Q would be rerouted from the Astoria Line to 96th Street on Manhattan's Upper East Side. The W would replace the Q in Astoria, maintaining the same level of service in Queens.
On February 19, 2016, the MTA announced that the W will be restored in fall 2016, before the Second Avenue Line opens; the Q would be temporarily cut back to 57th Street – 7th Avenue. This would allow for a seamless extension of Q service to the Second Avenue Line when it does open. The MTA approved the restoration of the W on May 23, 2016. When the W is reintroduced on November 7, 2016, the first trains and last trains will run into Brooklyn via the Sea Beach Line like they did prior to the elimination of the route in 2010.
The following lines were used by the W from 2004 to 2010, and are projected to be used from 2016 on:
|BMT Astoria Line (full line)||local||weekdays only|
|BMT Broadway Line (full line)|
For a more detailed station listing, see the articles on the lines listed above.
|Station service legend|
|Stops all times|
|Stops all times except late nights|
|Stops weekdays only|
|Stops rush hours/weekdays in the peak direction only|
|Time period details|
- MTA New York City Transit, W Broadway Local
- "GENERAL DISTRIBUTION - SUB-DIVISION B - TRAIN OPERATOR/CONDUCTOR - ROAD & NON-ROAD WORK PROGRAMS" (PDF). New York City Transit Authority. July 29, 2016. Retrieved August 19, 2016.
- "MTA | Press Release | NYC Transit | MTA Advances Work On Second Avenue Subway Service". www.mta.info. Retrieved 2016-02-19.
- "Transit & Bus Committee Meeting February 2016" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. February 20, 2016. Retrieved February 21, 2016.
- "Ahead of 2nd Ave. Subway opening, MTA officially set to restore W service to Astoria". Second Ave. Sagas. Retrieved 2016-02-19.
- "MTA Confirms W Train is Coming Back". TWC News. Retrieved 2016-02-19.
- "NYCT Line by Line History". erictb.info.
- "New Subway Routes Take Effect Today". New York Times. July 22, 2001. Retrieved February 21, 2016.
- "NYC Transit Subway Schedules". 2001-11-11. Archived from the original on November 11, 2001. Retrieved 2016-02-21.
- "Brochure & Service Changes Index". Thejoekorner.com. Retrieved 2010-08-05.
- New York City Transit Authority, W Line from July 28, 2002, via the Internet Archive
- "No Trains Over The Williamsburg Bridge Take One(Jpg)". The Subway Nut. 2004-02-03. Retrieved 2010-08-05.
- "The JoeKorNer Brochures". Thejoekorner.com. Retrieved 2010-08-05.
- "Rail-Ly Big Day In Subway". Nydailynews.com. 2004-02-24. Retrieved 2010-08-05.
- A search using the MTA's trip planner using "Whitehall Street" and "Kings Highway" as stations and setting the time to the appropriate hour (6:00 am into Manhattan; 9:00pm out of Manhattan) turned out results that showed the W as a possible travel option. Clicking the departure time also showed two additional times.
- "MTA considers bringing back W train from Astoria to lower Manhattan". amNewYork. 2015-07-12. Retrieved 2015-07-15.
- "W Train's Return Is Now Official With Approval From MTA Board". DNAinfo New York. Retrieved 2016-05-26.
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