W (New York City Subway service)
|Northern end||Astoria–Ditmars Boulevard|
|Southern end||Whitehall Street–South Ferry|
|Rolling stock||(Shared with N) 24 R68s (3 trains)
300 R160Bs (30 trains)
|Depot||Coney Island Yard|
|Started service||July 22, 2001|
|Discontinued||June 25, 2010|
|Reinstated||November 7, 2016|
The W Broadway Local is a rapid transit service of the New York City Subway's B Division. Its route emblem, or "bullet", is colored sunflower yellow since it uses the BMT Broadway Line in Manhattan. The W operates only on weekdays. It runs between Ditmars Boulevard in Astoria, Queens and Whitehall Street-South Ferry in Lower Manhattan, serving all stops along the BMT Astoria Line in Queens and the BMT Broadway Line in Manhattan. The W is staffed and scheduled as part of the N.
Introduced on July 22, 2001, the W initially ran until June 25, 2010, when it was eliminated due to the Metropolitan Transportation Authority's (MTA's) financial crisis. The MTA restored the route on November 7, 2016, using its original emblem and 2004–2010 routing, as part of the updated service pattern related to the opening of the Second Avenue Subway.
The W was originally conceived as an extra Broadway Line local service running on the Astoria and Broadway lines to Whitehall Street. This service was essentially a variant of the N route, which in the 1970s and 1980s ran express between Queens and Brooklyn, with some trains running local between Queens and Whitehall Street. However, reconstruction of the Manhattan Bridge between 1986 and 2004 forced the N, which normally ran express on the Broadway Line and on the Bridge, to run local via the Montague Street Tunnel. This service change precluded W local service from running as envisioned. The W bullet appeared on roll signs as a yellow diamond bullet, but on the R68s and R68As, round bullet signs were installed. The W also appeared on the digital signs of the R44s and R46s with any route and designation combination that could be used for the Broadway Line.
The W was introduced on July 22, 2001 when the Manhattan Bridge north tracks (leading to the IND Sixth Avenue Line) closed for reconstruction. The Bridge's south side tracks, which led to the Broadway Line, reopened after being closed since 1988. The B had run full-time from Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue to Manhattan via the BMT West End Line and Manhattan Bridge north tracks onto the Sixth Avenue Line, but it had to be split when the north side tracks closed. This split had already been made from 1986 to 1988, when a part-time orange B only ran north of 34th Street–Herald Square on the Sixth Avenue Line. At the same time, a full-time yellow B ran from Coney Island in Brooklyn across the south side of the bridge and up the BMT Broadway Line into Queens (at nights however, this yellow B only ran in Brooklyn). This old pattern was effectively restored in 2001, but instead of having two "B" services, the yellow B was instead named the W. This route began at Coney Island and ran up the West End Line (local), BMT Fourth Avenue Line (express), Manhattan Bridge south tracks, Broadway Line (express, switching to the local tracks for 49th Street), and BMT Astoria Line (express during rush hours in the peak direction until 9:30 PM, local otherwise) to Astoria–Ditmars Boulevard. Evening service ended at 57th Street–Seventh Avenue in Manhattan (using the express tracks and bypassing 49th Street), late night service at 36th Street in Brooklyn, and weekend service at Atlantic Avenue–Pacific Street in Brooklyn.
After September 11, 2001, Broadway Line service in Lower Manhattan was suspended; the N was completely suspended and W trains ran at all times between Ditmars Boulevard and Coney Island. It made all stops except in Brooklyn north of 36th Street. During late nights, it ran in two sections: between Ditmars Boulevard and 34th Street, skipping 49th Street in the northbound direction, and in Brooklyn between 36th Street and Coney Island. Normal service on both routes resumed on October 28, 2001.
The Astoria express service, being unpopular with residents, was discontinued on January 15, 2002. Around that time, evening service was extended from 57th Street to Astoria.
Beginning on September 8, 2002, when Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue station underwent reconstruction, the W became a full-time Coney Island–Astoria service. During this time, it was the only train serving Coney Island, as all the other services that normally did so had been cut short. Late night and weekend service was sent via the Montague Street Tunnel and the local tracks of the Fourth Avenue and Broadway Lines; the N ran only in Brooklyn at those times.
When all four tracks on the Manhattan Bridge were restored to service on February 22, 2004, the W was changed to its final service pattern, running weekdays only from 7:00 a.m. to 9:30 p.m. (7:00 to 21:30) as an entirely local service between Astoria–Ditmars Boulevard and Whitehall Street–South Ferry, Lower Manhattan. The Brooklyn portion was replaced by the D, which was extended over the north side of the bridge and down the West End Line. Instead, of reverting to the service pattern in 1986, prior to the Manhattan Bridge service changes, the W was kept because of increasing ridership on the BMT Astoria Line. Because there was not enough room to store W trains on the lower level tracks at City Hall, the first three W trains of the day entered service at 86th Street in Gravesend, Brooklyn and the last three trains of the night continued in service to Kings Highway. These trips ran local in Brooklyn via the Montague Street Tunnel, BMT Fourth Avenue and BMT Sea Beach lines.
On March 24, 2010, the MTA announced the elimination of the W due to financial shortfalls with the N and Q replacing it. The N train became a full-time local north of Canal Street while the Q was extended to Astoria-Ditmars Boulevard on weekdays. The W ceased operation on Friday, June 25, 2010 with the last train bound for Astoria–Ditmars Boulevard leaving Whitehall Street–South Ferry at 10:50 p.m.
In July 2015, the MTA announced that it was considering restoring the W in its 2004-2010 service pattern once the first phase of the Second Avenue Subway opens. When the Second Avenue Line opened on January 1, 2017, the Q was rerouted from the Astoria Line to 96th Street on Manhattan's Upper East Side. The W replaced the Q in Astoria in order to maintain two services along the Astoria Line during weekdays. However, there would be 20 fewer round-trips per weekday on the Astoria Line after the W's reintroduction, because the W will serve Astoria for a shorter time span each day than the Q did.
On May 23, 2016, the MTA announced that it had decided to restore the W. Under the MTA's plan, W service was restored on November 7, 2016. The Q was temporarily cut back to 57th Street–Seventh Avenue, allowing for a seamless extension of Q service to the Second Avenue Line, which opened on January 1, 2017. Additionally, the N train once again became express in Manhattan on weekdays from 34th Street–Herald Square to Canal Street. As the N and W share the same fleet from the Coney Island Yard, the first three W trains originate at 86th Street; in addition, two W trains terminate there in the late morning and one in the evening. These trains operate local along the BMT Fourth Avenue Line and Montague Street Tunnel as they did prior to 2010.
|BMT Astoria Line (full line)||Astoria–Ditmars Blvd||Queensboro Plaza||local||weekdays|
|60th Street Tunnel||all|
|BMT Broadway Line (full line)||Lexington Avenue/59th Street||Canal Street||local|
|City Hall||Whitehall Street–South Ferry||all|
For a more detailed station listing, see the articles on the lines listed above.
|Station service legend|
|Stops all times|
|Stops all times except late nights|
|Stops weekdays only|
|Stops rush hours/weekdays in the peak direction only|
|Time period details|
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- Kabak, Benjamin. "Ahead of 2nd Ave. Subway opening, MTA officially set to restore W service to Astoria". Second Ave. Sagas. Retrieved February 19, 2016.
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- "NYC Transit Subway Schedules". mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. November 11, 2001. Archived from the original on November 11, 2001. Retrieved February 21, 2016.
- "Manhattan Bridge Service Changes B D Q Q W July 22, 2001 until 2004". Thejoekorner.com. New York City Transit. 2001. Retrieved October 29, 2016.
- Korman, Joseph D. "Subway Line Names World Trade Center Terror - 9-11-2001". www.thejoekorner.com. Retrieved October 23, 2016.
- "W Line Service Information". mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 28, 2002. Retrieved October 29, 2016.
- "F N W Q Q Changes Sun, Sept 8, 2002 to Spring 2004 Reconstruction of Stillwell Avenue Terminal changes service in Brooklyn, Manhattan and Queens". The Subway Nut. New York City Transit. July 2002. Retrieved August 5, 2010.
- "W Train Timetable" (PDF). mta.info. New York City Transit. Fall 2003. Retrieved October 29, 2016.
- "February 2004 Subway Map" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. February 2004. Retrieved November 8, 2016.
- "More Service on the Manhattan Bridge B D M N Q R W New Subway Service! February 22, 2004". The JoeKorNer. New York City Transit. 2003. Retrieved August 5, 2010.
- "B D M N Q R W Weekday Service Manhattan Bridge Map" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. February 2004. Retrieved September 18, 2016.
- "MTA NYC Transit Manhattan Bridge Information". mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. February 5, 2004. Retrieved September 18, 2016.
- "Expanded Subway Service Starts Sunday Four-Track Manhattan Bridge Service Returns Bringing Route Changes, Increased Service". mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. February 20, 2004. Retrieved November 8, 2016.
- "A Subway Map Remade, in Hopes of Matching Routes and Riders". The New York Times. February 20, 2004. Retrieved June 9, 2014.
- A search using the MTA's trip planner using "Whitehall Street" and "Kings Highway" as stations and setting the time to the appropriate hour (6:00 am into Manhattan; 9:00pm out of Manhattan) turned out results that showed the W as a possible travel option. Clicking the departure time also showed two additional times.
- "W Train Timetable" (PDF). mta.info. New York City Transit. November 25, 2009. Retrieved October 29, 2016.
- "MTA | Press Release | NYC Transit | Service Adjustments on BMW Lines". www.mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 24, 2008. Retrieved October 30, 2016.
- "MTA | Press Release | NYC Transit | Major Subway Changes Set for Monday". www.mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. June 24, 2010. Retrieved October 20, 2016.
- "MTA considers bringing back W train from Astoria to lower Manhattan". amNewYork. July 12, 2015. Retrieved July 15, 2015.
- Evelly, Jeanmarie. "W Train Rollout Will Mean Fewer Trains Per Day in Astoria, MTA Says". DNAInfo. Retrieved November 5, 2016.
- Venugopal, Nikhita (May 25, 2016). "W Train's Return Is Now Official With Approval From MTA Board". DNAinfo New York. Retrieved May 26, 2016.
- "W Line Returns to Queens". mta.info. Retrieved November 12, 2016.
- Spivack, Caroline (January 10, 2017). "W-w-what!? W trains mysteriously appearing in Brooklyn". Brooklyn Daily. Retrieved January 17, 2017.
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