W (New York City Subway service)

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"W Train" redirects here. For Norfolk Southern line, see W Line (Norfolk Southern).
Broadway Local
W symbol
W train Union Square (1).jpg
A W train made of R160s at 14th Street–Union Square in Manhattan.
MTA NYC Subway W train leaving 8th St-NYU.jpg
A train made of R68s in W service at 8th Street-New York University in Manhattan.
W map
Northern end Astoria–Ditmars Boulevard
Southern end Whitehall Street–South Ferry
Stations 23
Rolling stock (Shared with N) 16 R68s (2 trains, AM rush)
310 R160Bs (31 trains)
Depot Coney Island Yard
Started service July 22, 2001; 15 years ago (2001-07-22)
Discontinued June 25, 2010; 6 years ago (2010-06-25)
Reinstated November 7, 2016; 22 days ago (2016-11-07)

The W Broadway Local is a rapid transit service of the New York City Subway's B Division. Its route emblem, or "bullet", is colored sunflower yellow since it uses the BMT Broadway Line in Manhattan.[1] The W operates on weekdays only between Ditmars Boulevard in Astoria, Queens and Whitehall Street-South Ferry in Lower Manhattan, serving all stops along the BMT Astoria Line in Queens and the BMT Broadway Line in Manhattan.

Introduced in July 22, 2001, the W initially ran until June 25, 2010, when it was eliminated due to the Metropolitan Transportation Authority's (MTA's) financial crisis. The MTA restored the route on November 7, 2016, using its original emblem and 2004–2010 routing, as part of the updated service pattern related to the opening of the Second Avenue Subway.[2][3][4][5][6]

Internally, the W is staffed and scheduled as part of the N, similar to service patterns of the 1970s and 1980s.[7][2][8]

Service history[edit]

Origins[edit]

The W was originally conceived as an extra Broadway Line local service running on the Astoria and Broadway lines to Whitehall Street. This service was essentially a variant of the N route, which in the 1970s and 1980s ran express between Queens and Brooklyn, with some trains running local between Queens and Whitehall Street. However, reconstruction of the Manhattan Bridge between 1986 and 2004 forced the N, which normally ran express on the Broadway Line and on the Bridge, to run local via the Montague Street Tunnel. This service change precluded W local service from running as envisioned. The W bullet appeared on roll signs as a yellow diamond bullet, but on the R68s and R68As, round bullet signs were installed. The W also appeared on the digital signs of the R44s and R46s with any route and designation combination that could be used for the Broadway Line.[9]

2001-2004[edit]

The W was introduced on July 22, 2001 when the Manhattan Bridge north tracks (leading to the IND Sixth Avenue Line) closed for reconstruction. The Bridge's south side tracks, which led to the Broadway Line, reopened after being closed since 1988. The B had run full-time from Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue to Manhattan via the BMT West End Line and Manhattan Bridge north tracks onto the Sixth Avenue Line, but it had to be split when the north side tracks closed.[10] This split had already been made from 1986 to 1988, when a part-time orange B only ran north of 34th Street–Herald Square on the Sixth Avenue Line.[11][12][13] At the same time, a full-time yellow B ran from Coney Island in Brooklyn across the south side of the bridge and up the BMT Broadway Line into Queens (at nights however, this yellow B only ran in Brooklyn). This old pattern was effectively restored in 2001, but instead of having two "B" services, the yellow B was instead named the W. This route began at Coney Island and ran up the West End Line (local), BMT Fourth Avenue Line (express), Manhattan Bridge south tracks, Broadway Line (express, switching to the local tracks for 49th Street), and BMT Astoria Line (express during rush hours in the peak direction until 9:30 PM, local otherwise)[14] to Astoria–Ditmars Boulevard. Evening service ended at 57th Street–Seventh Avenue in Manhattan (using the express tracks and bypassing 49th Street), late night service at 36th Street in Brooklyn, and weekend service at Atlantic Avenue–Pacific Street in Brooklyn.[15]

After September 11, 2001, Broadway Line service in Lower Manhattan was suspended; the N was completely suspended and W trains ran at all times between Ditmars Boulevard and Coney Island. It made all stops except in Brooklyn north of 36th Street. During late nights, it ran in two sections: between Ditmars Boulevard and 34th Street, skipping 49th Street in the northbound direction, and in Brooklyn between 36th Street and Coney Island. Normal service on both routes resumed on October 28, 2001.[16]

The Astoria express service, being unpopular with residents, was discontinued on January 15, 2002. Around that time, evening service was extended from 57th Street to Astoria.[17]

Beginning on September 8, 2002, when Coney Island–Stillwell Avenue station underwent reconstruction, the W became a full-time Coney Island–Astoria service. During this time, it was the only line directly serving Coney Island, as all the other lines that normally did so had been cut short. Late night and weekend service was sent via the Montague Street Tunnel and the local tracks of the Fourth Avenue and Broadway Lines; the N ran only in Brooklyn at those times.[9][18][19]

2004-2010[edit]

Notice of the W's elimination

When all four tracks on the Manhattan Bridge were restored to service on February 22, 2004, the W was changed to its final service pattern, running weekdays only from 7:00 a.m. to 9:30 p.m. (7:00 to 21:30) as an entirely local service between Astoria–Ditmars Boulevard and Whitehall Street–South Ferry, Lower Manhattan. The Brooklyn portion was replaced by the D, which was extended over the north side of the bridge and down the West End Line.[9][20][21][22][23][24] Instead, of reverting to the service pattern in 1986, prior to the Manhattan Bridge service changes, the W was kept because of increasing ridership on the BMT Astoria Line.[25] Because there was not enough room to store W trains on the lower level tracks at City Hall, the first three W trains of the day entered service at 86th Street in Gravesend, Brooklyn and the last three trains of the night continued in service to Kings Highway. These trips ran local in Brooklyn via the Montague Street Tunnel, BMT Fourth Avenue and BMT Sea Beach lines.[26]

On July 27, 2008, the W was extended to run until 11:00 p.m in response to growth in the subway system's ridership.[27][28][29]

On March 24, 2010, the MTA announced the elimination of the W due to financial shortfalls with the N and Q replacing it. The N train became a full-time local north of Canal Street while the Q was extended to Astoria-Ditmars Boulevard on weekdays. The W ceased operation on Friday, June 25, 2010 with the last train bound for Astoria–Ditmars Boulevard leaving Whitehall Street–South Ferry at 10:50 p.m.[9][30]

2016 Restoration[edit]

Notice of the W's restoration

In July 2015, the MTA announced that it was considering restoring the W in its 2004-2010 service pattern once the first phase of the Second Avenue Subway opens. When the Second Avenue Line opens (expected for December 2016), the Q would be rerouted from the Astoria Line to 96th Street on Manhattan's Upper East Side. The W would replace the Q in Astoria in order to maintain two services along the Astoria Line.[31] However, there would be 20 fewer round-trips per weekday on the Astoria Line after the W's reintroduction, because the W will serve Astoria for a shorter time span each day than the Q did.[32]

On May 23, 2016, the MTA announced that it had decided to restore the W.[33] Under the MTA's plan, W service was restored on November 7, 2016.[2] The Q was temporarily cut back to 57th Street–Seventh Avenue, allowing for a seamless extension of Q service to the Second Avenue Line when it opens.[3][4][5] Additionally, the N train once again became express in Manhattan on weekdays from 34th Street–Herald Square to Canal Street. As the N and W trains' fleet is based from the Coney Island Yard, the first three W trains originate at 86th Street and two trains terminate there in the late morning and one in the evening.[34] Until the conclusion of rehabilitation work on the BMT Sea Beach Line, the originating trains currently go into service at Bay Parkway, then operate local along the Fourth Avenue Line and Montague Street Tunnel as they did prior to 2010.[35][2]

Route[edit]

Service pattern[edit]

Line From To Tracks Time
BMT Astoria Line (full line) Astoria–Ditmars Blvd Queensboro Plaza local weekdays
60th Street Tunnel all
BMT Broadway Line (full line) Lexington Avenue/59th Street Canal Street local
City Hall Whitehall Street–South Ferry all

Stations[edit]

For a more detailed station listing, see the articles on the lines listed above.

Station service legend
Stops all times Stops all times
Stops all times except late nights Stops all times except late nights
Stops weekdays only Stops weekdays only
Stops rush hours in peak direction only Stops rush hours/weekdays in the peak direction only
Time period details
W service Stations Handicapped/disabled access Subway transfers Connections and notes
Queens
Astoria Line
Stops weekdays only Astoria–Ditmars Boulevard N all times
Stops weekdays only Astoria Boulevard N all times M60 Select Bus Service bus to LaGuardia Airport
Stops weekdays only 30th Avenue N all times
Stops weekdays only Broadway N all times
Stops weekdays only 36th Avenue N all times
Stops weekdays only 39th Avenue N all times
Stops weekdays only Queensboro Plaza N all times
7 all times <7>rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction (IRT Flushing Line)
Manhattan
Broadway Line
Stops weekdays only Lexington Avenue/59th Street N all times R all except late nights
4 all times 5 all except late nights 6 all times <6>weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction (IRT Lexington Avenue Line)
F all times (IND 63rd Street Line at Lexington Avenue–63rd Street; MetroCard-only transfer)
Roosevelt Island Tramway
Stops weekdays only Fifth Avenue–59th Street N all times R all except late nights
Stops weekdays only 57th Street–Seventh Avenue N all times Q all times R all except late nights
Stops weekdays only 49th Street Handicapped/disabled access N all times R all except late nights Station is accessible in the northbound direction only.
Stops weekdays only Times Square–42nd Street Handicapped/disabled access N all times Q all times R all except late nights
1 all times 2 all times 3 all times (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line)
7 all times <7>rush hours until 9:30 p.m., peak direction (IRT Flushing Line)
S all except late nights (42nd Street Shuttle)
A all times C all except late nights E all times (IND Eighth Avenue Line at 42nd Street–Port Authority Bus Terminal)
Port Authority Bus Terminal
Stops weekdays only 34th Street–Herald Square Handicapped/disabled access N all times Q all times R all except late nights
B weekdays until 11:00 p.m. D all times F all times M weekdays until 11:00 p.m. (IND Sixth Avenue Line)
M34 / M34A Select Bus Service
PATH at 33rd Street
Stops weekdays only 28th Street R all except late nights
Stops weekdays only 23rd Street R all except late nights M23 Select Bus Service
Stops weekdays only 14th Street–Union Square Handicapped/disabled access N all times Q all times R all except late nights
L all times (BMT Canarsie Line)
4 all times 5 all except late nights 6 all times <6>weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction (IRT Lexington Avenue Line)
Stops weekdays only Eighth Street–New York University R all except late nights
Stops weekdays only Prince Street R all except late nights
Stops weekdays only Canal Street N all times Q all times R all except late nights
6 all times <6>weekdays until 8:45 p.m., peak direction (IRT Lexington Avenue Line)
J all times Z rush hours, peak direction (BMT Nassau Street Line)
Stops weekdays only City Hall R all except late nights
Stops weekdays only Cortlandt Street Handicapped/disabled access R all except late nights PATH at World Trade Center
Stops weekdays only Rector Street R all except late nights
Stops weekdays only Whitehall Street–South Ferry R all times
1 all times (IRT Broadway–Seventh Avenue Line)
M15 Select Bus Service
Staten Island Ferry at Whitehall Terminal

References[edit]

  1. ^ Grynbaum, Michael M. (May 10, 2010). "Take the Tomato 2 Stops to the Sunflower". New York Times. Retrieved October 30, 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c d "GENERAL DISTRIBUTION - SUB-DIVISION B - TRAIN OPERATOR/CONDUCTOR - ROAD & NON-ROAD WORK PROGRAMS" (PDF). New York City Transit Authority. July 29, 2016. Retrieved August 19, 2016. 
  3. ^ a b * "MTA | Press Release | NYC Transit | MTA Advances Work On Second Avenue Subway Service". www.mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved 2016-02-19. * "Transit & Bus Committee Meeting February 2016" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. February 20, 2016. Retrieved February 21, 2016. 
  4. ^ a b Kabak, Benjamin. "Ahead of 2nd Ave. Subway opening, MTA officially set to restore W service to Astoria". Second Ave. Sagas. Retrieved 2016-02-19. 
  5. ^ a b Martinez, Jose (February 19, 2016). "MTA Confirms W Train is Coming Back". TWC News NY1. Retrieved 2016-02-19. 
  6. ^ Lam, Katherine (October 23, 2016). "MTA flyers spotted for W train's return in November". PIX11. Retrieved October 24, 2016. 
  7. ^ "BMT-IND Car Assignments - Nov 6, 2016". www.thejoekorner.com. Retrieved 2016-11-06. 
  8. ^ "1979 Subway Map Service Guide". railfanwindow.com. New York City Transit Authority. 1979. Retrieved November 8, 2016. 
  9. ^ a b c d Bolden, Eric. "NYCT Line by Line History". erictb.info. Retrieved October 29, 2016. 
  10. ^ "New Subway Routes Take Effect Today". New York Times. July 22, 2001. Retrieved February 21, 2016. 
  11. ^ "If You Ride These Subway Lines, You Know Something Drastic Has To Be Done.". TheJoeKorNer.com. New York City Transit Authority. 1986. Retrieved October 30, 2016. 
  12. ^ "System-Wide Changes In Subway Service Effective Sunday, December 11, 1988". Flickr. New York City Transit Authority. 1988. Retrieved October 30, 2016. 
  13. ^ Johnson, Kirk (1988-12-09). "Big Changes For Subways Are to Begin". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-10-30. 
  14. ^ "NYC Transit Subway Schedules". mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2001-11-11. Archived from the original on November 11, 2001. Retrieved 2016-02-21. 
  15. ^ "Manhattan Bridge Service Changes B D Q Q W July 22, 2001 until 2004". Thejoekorner.com. New York City Transit. 2001. Retrieved October 29, 2016. 
  16. ^ Korman, Joseph D. "Subway Line Names World Trade Center Terror - 9-11-2001". www.thejoekorner.com. Retrieved 2016-10-23. 
  17. ^ "W Line Service Information". mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2002-07-28. Retrieved October 29, 2016. 
  18. ^ "F N W Q Q Changes Sun, Sept 8, 2002 to Spring 2004 Reconstruction of Stillwell Avenue Terminal changes service in Brooklyn, Manhattan and Queens". The Subway Nut. New York City Transit. July 2002. Retrieved 2010-08-05. 
  19. ^ "W Train Timetable" (PDF). mta.info. New York City Transit. Fall 2003. Retrieved October 29, 2016. 
  20. ^ "February 2004 Subway Map" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. February 2004. Retrieved November 8, 2016. 
  21. ^ "More Service on the Manhattan Bridge B D M N Q R W New Subway Service! February 22, 2004". The JoeKorNer. New York City Transit. 2003. Retrieved 2010-08-05. 
  22. ^ "B D M N Q R W Weekday Service Manhattan Bridge Map" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. February 2004. Retrieved September 18, 2016. 
  23. ^ "MTA NYC Transit Manhattan Bridge Information". mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2004-02-05. Retrieved 2016-09-18. 
  24. ^ "Expanded Subway Service Starts Sunday Four-Track Manhattan Bridge Service Returns Bringing Route Changes, Increased Service". mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. February 20, 2004. Retrieved November 8, 2016. 
  25. ^ "A Subway Map Remade, in Hopes of Matching Routes and Riders". The New York Times. February 20, 2004. Retrieved June 9, 2014. 
  26. ^ A search using the MTA's trip planner using "Whitehall Street" and "Kings Highway" as stations and setting the time to the appropriate hour (6:00 am into Manhattan; 9:00pm out of Manhattan) turned out results that showed the W as a possible travel option. Clicking the departure time also showed two additional times.
  27. ^ "W Train Timetable" (PDF). mta.info. New York City Transit. November 25, 2009. Retrieved October 29, 2016. 
  28. ^ Compare:
    • "New York City Subway Map" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. April 2008. Retrieved October 29, 2016.  (W service ends at 9 PM)
    • "New York City Subway Map" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. August 2008. Retrieved October 29, 2016.  (W service ends at 11 PM)
  29. ^ "MTA | Press Release | NYC Transit | Service Adjustments on BMW Lines". www.mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 24, 2008. Retrieved 2016-10-30. 
  30. ^ "MTA | Press Release | NYC Transit | Major Subway Changes Set for Monday". www.mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. June 24, 2010. Retrieved 2016-10-20. 
  31. ^ "MTA considers bringing back W train from Astoria to lower Manhattan". amNewYork. 2015-07-12. Retrieved 2015-07-15. 
  32. ^ Evelly, Jeanmarie. "W Train Rollout Will Mean Fewer Trains Per Day in Astoria, MTA Says". DNAInfo. Retrieved 5 November 2016. 
  33. ^ Venugopal, Nikhita (May 25, 2016). "W Train's Return Is Now Official With Approval From MTA Board". DNAinfo New York. Retrieved 2016-05-26. 
  34. ^ "W Line Returns to Queens". mta.info. Retrieved 12 November 2016. 
  35. ^ See:
    • Northbound: "W Train (northbound)". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2016-07-11. Retrieved 2016-10-29. 
    • Southbound: "W Train (southbound)". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2016-07-11. Retrieved 2016-10-29. 

External links[edit]