Wa National Army

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Wa National Army
ဝအမျိုးသားတပ်မတော်
Participant in the Internal conflict in Myanmar
Flag of Wa.svg
Active 29 July 1969 (1969-07-29) – present
Ideology Wa nationalism
Separatism
Leaders Mahasang
Headquarters Homein, Shan State, Myanmar
Area of operations Shan State;
MyanmarThailand border
Size 200[1]
Part of Wa National Organisation
Became United Wa State Army
Allies

Kuomintang (until 1980s)

Shan State Army (until 1977)
Opponents

State opponents

Non-state opponents

Battles and wars Internal conflict in Myanmar

The Wa National Army (Burmese: ဝအမျိုးသားတပ်မတော်; abbreviated WNA) is an insurgent group that operates in Shan State, Myanmar (Burma), near Myanmar's border with Thailand.[2] It is the armed wing of the Wa National Organisation (WNO).[3]

History[edit]

The WNA was founded along with the WNO on 29 July 1974, after the original group, a Ka Kwe Ye, joined forces with the Shan State Army (SSA) and Lo Hsing Han. The group was led by Mahasang, the son of the last sawbwa of Vingngun.[3]

In 1977, the WNA broke ties with the SSA and allied themselves with the 3rd Kuomintang battalion operating near the Myanmar-China border, led by General Li Wenhuan. In 1983, the WNA's political wing, the Wa National Organisation, officially joined the National Democratic Force (NDF).[3]

In the 1980s, the WNA operated in northern Shan State, near the Myanmar-Thailand border, but not in the mountainous areas of the region, which were under the control of the Communist Party of Burma until 1989.[2]

In August 1997, the WNA signed a peace agreement with the military junta government.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ I. Rotberg, Robert (1998). Burma: Prospects for a Democratic Future. Brookings Institution Press. ISBN 0815791690.
  2. ^ a b Tucker, Shelby (2001). Burma: Curse of Independence. Pluto Press. p. 6. ISBN 9780745315416. Retrieved 10 April 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d Lintner, Bertil (1999). Burma in Revolt: Opium and Insurgency since 1948. Silkworm Books. p. 17. ISBN 9781630411848.