Wabash County, Indiana

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Wabash County, Indiana
Cortes del Condado de Wabash, Wabash, Indiana, Estados Unidos, 2012-11-12, DD 01.jpg
Wabash County Courthouse
Map of Indiana highlighting Wabash County
Location in the U.S. state of Indiana
Map of the United States highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Founded 09/27/1937 -Larry Jenkins, 1835
Named for Wabash River
Seat Wabash
Largest city Wabash
Area
 • Total 420.98 sq mi (1,090 km2)
 • Land 412.43 sq mi (1,068 km2)
 • Water 8.54 sq mi (22 km2), 2.03%
Population
 • (2010) 32,888
 • Density 85/sq mi (33/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.wabashcounty.in.gov
Footnotes: Indiana county number 85

Wabash County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2010, the population was 32,888.[1] The county seat is Wabash.[2]

History[edit]

The area was inhabited for thousands of years by cultures of indigenous peoples. French explorers and traders encountered the historical Miami Native Americans beginning in the 17th century.

Wabash County was established in 1835, when settlement increased after the American Revolution. They named it after the Wabash River. The name "Wabash" is an English spelling of the earlier French name for the river, Ouabache. French traders derived the French version from the Indian name for the river, Wabashike (pronounced "Wah-bah-she-keh") (meaning "pure white".) Much of the river bottom is white limestone, now obscured by mud.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 420.98 square miles (1,090.3 km2), of which 412.43 square miles (1,068.2 km2) (or 97.97%) is land and 8.54 square miles (22.1 km2) (or 2.03%) is water.[3]

North Manchester from the air looking northeast.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Other unincorporated places[edit]

Extinct[edit]

Townships[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Climate and weather[edit]

Wabash, Indiana
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
2.2
 
 
31
14
 
 
1.9
 
 
36
17
 
 
2.7
 
 
47
27
 
 
3.5
 
 
60
37
 
 
4.1
 
 
71
48
 
 
4.2
 
 
80
58
 
 
4.1
 
 
83
61
 
 
4
 
 
81
59
 
 
3.2
 
 
75
51
 
 
2.8
 
 
63
40
 
 
3.1
 
 
49
31
 
 
2.7
 
 
36
20
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[4]

In recent years, average temperatures in Wabash have ranged from a low of 14 °F (−10 °C) in January to a high of 83 °F (28 °C) in July, although a record low of −24 °F (−31 °C) was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 103 °F (39 °C) was recorded in June 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.89 inches (48 mm) in February to 4.23 inches (107 mm) in June.[4]

Government[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[5]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 72.5% 9,821 22.3% 3,018 5.3% 713
2012 67.0% 8,644 30.8% 3,973 2.2% 278
2008 59.3% 8,238 39.3% 5,456 1.4% 198
2004 70.6% 9,607 28.8% 3,920 0.6% 75
2000 64.6% 8,321 33.2% 4,277 2.2% 285
1996 53.8% 6,990 35.2% 4,577 11.0% 1,429
1992 46.8% 7,062 29.9% 4,518 23.3% 3,521
1988 68.4% 9,153 31.1% 4,168 0.5% 63
1984 70.3% 9,862 29.1% 4,077 0.6% 89
1980 60.8% 8,738 32.2% 4,620 7.0% 1,010
1976 59.5% 8,534 39.8% 5,704 0.7% 102
1972 68.3% 10,011 31.4% 4,601 0.3% 47
1968 61.1% 8,611 32.6% 4,598 6.3% 892
1964 47.5% 6,905 51.5% 7,485 1.0% 145
1960 68.1% 10,420 31.3% 4,788 0.6% 89
1956 71.2% 10,318 28.2% 4,085 0.6% 93
1952 67.9% 9,980 29.9% 4,395 2.1% 315
1948 61.5% 8,149 35.4% 4,692 3.1% 404
1944 62.3% 8,357 34.8% 4,665 2.9% 393
1940 61.1% 8,755 37.9% 5,431 1.0% 141
1936 53.0% 7,223 45.5% 6,200 1.5% 200
1932 49.4% 6,652 48.6% 6,553 2.0% 271
1928 68.3% 8,537 31.0% 3,872 0.8% 99
1924 60.4% 7,277 33.7% 4,054 5.9% 709
1920 60.3% 8,018 36.3% 4,827 3.4% 445
1916 50.4% 3,849 41.5% 3,168 8.2% 624
1912 20.1% 1,363 34.9% 2,371 45.0% 3,055
1908 53.6% 4,091 40.8% 3,116 5.7% 433
1904 59.4% 4,516 31.3% 2,381 9.2% 700
1900 58.5% 4,433 38.0% 2,882 3.5% 266
1896 59.0% 4,319 39.5% 2,891 1.4% 105
1892 55.2% 3,687 36.1% 2,413 8.7% 579
1888 58.4% 3,986 37.4% 2,555 4.2% 283

The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four-year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.[6][7]

Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.[6][7]

Court: The county maintains a small claims court that can handle some civil cases. The judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. The judge is assisted by a constable who is also elected to a four-year term. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court.[7]

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, assessor, prosecutor, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, and circuit court clerk. Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and to be residents of the county.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 2,756
1850 12,138 340.4%
1860 17,547 44.6%
1870 21,305 21.4%
1880 25,241 18.5%
1890 27,126 7.5%
1900 28,235 4.1%
1910 26,926 −4.6%
1920 27,231 1.1%
1930 25,170 −7.6%
1940 26,601 5.7%
1950 29,047 9.2%
1960 32,605 12.2%
1970 35,553 9.0%
1980 36,640 3.1%
1990 35,069 −4.3%
2000 34,960 −0.3%
2010 32,888 −5.9%
Est. 2016 31,762 [8] −3.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 32,888 people, 12,777 households, and 8,733 families residing in the county.[13] The population density was 79.7 inhabitants per square mile (30.8/km2). There were 14,171 housing units at an average density of 34.4 per square mile (13.3/km2).[3] The racial makeup of the county was 96.6% white, 0.7% American Indian, 0.5% black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.7% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.1% of the population.[13] In terms of ancestry, 31.3% were German, 18.1% were American, 10.1% were English, and 10.0% were Irish.[14]

Of the 12,777 households, 29.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.4% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.7% were non-families, and 27.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.92. The median age was 41.2 years.[13]

The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $52,758. Males had a median income of $41,965 versus $26,944 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,475. About 8.8% of families and 11.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.5% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over.[15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Wabash County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-25. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-10. 
  4. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Wabash, Indiana". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  5. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  6. ^ a b Indiana Code. "Title 36, Article 2, Section 3". IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  7. ^ a b c d Indiana Code. "Title 2, Article 10, Section 2" (PDF). IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  13. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-10. 
  14. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-10. 
  15. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-10. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°51′N 85°47′W / 40.85°N 85.79°W / 40.85; -85.79