Wacław Berent

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Wacław Berent

Wacław Berent (Warsaw, 28 September 1878 – 19 November or 22 November 1940, Warsaw) was a Polish novelist, essayist and literary translator from the Art Nouveau period, publishing under the pen names S.A.M. and Wł. Rawicz. He studied Natural Science in Kraków and Zurich, and obtained a PhD in Munich before returning to Warsaw and embarking on a literary career around the turn of the century.[1] Berent became a member of the prestigious Polish Academy of Literature (Polish: Polska Akademia Literatury) in 1933.[2]

Literary output[edit]

Berent translated into Polish Thus Spoke Zarathustra by the German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche. Along with Władysław Reymont, he was a leading representative of the realist trend in the Young Poland movement (Polish: Młoda Polska).[1] His main work, a social novel Żywe kamienie (Stones Alive), depicted the circumstances which threatened traditional moral values in the industrial era.

He was a critic of late nineteenth-century Positivist slogans, modernist Polish philosophy and European bohemianism, which postulated "art for art's sake". In his novel Ozimina (Winter Crop) he depicted the emergence of the Polish independence movement prior to the Revolution of 1905. He was an aesthetic opponent of Romanticism.


  • Próchno (Rotten Wood, 1903)
  • Ozimina (Snowy Crop, 1911)
  • Żywe kamienie (Stoneing Alive, 1918)[3]
  • Nurt (Trend, 1934)
  • Diogenes w kontuszu (Diogenes in a Kontusz, 1937)
  • Zmierzch wodzów (The Dusk of the Commanders, 1939)


  1. ^ a b Polish Literature on the University of Vienna Pages: Wacław Berent. Universität Wien. Retrieved 19 December 2011.
  2. ^ Dr Marek Adamiec, Wacław Berent. Virtual Library of Polish Literature. University of Gdansk, 2003.
  3. ^ "Kalendarium literatury międzywojennej". Archived from the original on 20 February 2009. Retrieved 19 December 2011.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link). Polska.pl, Literatura. Retrieved 19 December 2011.
  • Urbanowski, M. 2003. ‘Berent Wacław’. In: Słownik Pisarzy Polskich. ed. A. Latusek. Cracow: Wydawnictwo Zielona Sowa. pp. 27–28. in Polish
  • Mortkowicz-Olczakowa, Hanna (1961). Bunt wspomnień. Państwowy Instytut Wydawniczy.