Waddell's chronology

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Waddell's chronology or Waddell's king list is an Ancient Near Eastern chronology developed by the British polyhistor Laurence Waddell in his book, Egyptian Civilization: Its Sumerian Origin and Real Chronology, published in 1930.[1][2][3][4][5]

Waddell's primary chronology was compiled from various Sumerian king lists, Egyptian list of pharaohs, the Bhagavata Purana, Mahabharata, Rigveda and numerous Indus Valley Civilization seals and other monuments and relics and sources, some of which he had deciphered himself.[2] It was entitled "Dated Chronological List of Sumerian or Early Aryan Kings from the Rise of Civilization to the Kassi Dynasty" and documented an alleged list of world emperors as follows:

No. Names in Sumerian King Lists and monuments Date BCE
(approximate)
Indian list names
1 Ukusi of Ukhu City or Udu, Uduin, or Odin, Indar, Induru,
Dur, Pur, Sakh, Sagaga, Zagg, Gaur, or Adar
First Sumerian Dynasty
3378–3349 BCE
Ikshvāku or Indra or Sakko or Pururavas
2 Azag Ama Basam or Bakus, Tasia, Mukhla, Gin, Gan or Kan or Nimmirud 3348–3337 BCE Ayus, Ama-Basu or Bikukshi-Nimi
Azag Bakus or Gan at Unuk, Enoch or Erech City 3336–3273 BCE As Above
3 Naksha, Enuzu, Anenzu, Unnusha, In, Enu Second Sumerian Dynasty
3272–3248 BCE
Nahusha, Anenas or Janak
4 Udu, Uduk 3247–3242 BCE Udā-vasu, Yadu, Yayati, (?) King Puru
5 Zimugun, Dumuzi 3241–3312 BCE Janamejaya or Jina
6 Uziwitar 3211–3206 BCE Vishtara or Wishtara
7 Mutin Ugun 3205–3195 BCE Matinara
8 Imuashshu or Pishmana 3194–3184 BCE Vishamsu or Tamsu
9 Naili (or Nandu) Iaxa Sumaddi or Duag 3183–3181 BCE Anila (?) Ucchaya, Dushyanta or (?) Sunanta
10
11
12
13
14
15

16
17
18

19
20
21
22
23
24

25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35

36

Baratutu, Bardū, Barti Pirtu
Gaudumu or Dūdumunu
Dutu-Gindara
Azag, or Ashita-ab
Ishzax or Gishax Gamesh
Uruash-Khād, Urusag-Khaddu,
Barama'hasha or Arwasag (c. 3100 BCE)
Magdal, A-Magdal, Mukh
Bidashnadi, Bidsar, Biugun or Biguaxu
Enun-nad Enash-nadi
Tarsi (Ene- or "divine")
or Dixxi (Di- or "divine")
Medi or Meti
Kiuga, Mūkuda
Tarsi, Dix-saax or (?) Shu-Dix
Tizama or Tizkar, Anda
Rumau or Pashipadda
("Mesanipadda"),
Uruduki Raman Duruashi-padda or Rutasa Rama
("Anni-padda") (c. 2900 BCE)
Eama
Biama
Paunukha ("?Meshkalamdug")
illegible
illegible
illegible
Gungun, Kingubi-Dudu
Mama-gal
Kalbu or Kalburu
Tuke
Bara-Gina, Puru-gin, Pardu-Bazum
or Urudu-Gina, or Urukka-Gina
The Great Gap of 430 years
with 26 (or 27) Kings


Uruash's Dynasty of "Paunch"
3180–2751 BCE

Burata, Brihad, Prithu
Gautama, Dhundhumara
Dwat, Candra-ashva
Aja-midha or Siteshu
Chaxus, Riksha, Rucaka or Ruk-meshu
Haryashva or Barmyashva

Mudgala or Mogallo
Badhryashya, L'asenadi or B'ujyu
Yuvanashwa
Dāsa (Divo- or "divine") or Trasa Dasyu I
Mettiyo or Mitrayu
Cyavana or Muckunda
Su-Dāsa, Dussaha or Trasa Dasyu II
Somaka, Sambhuta
Jantu
Prishada or Suvarna Roman

Drupada I, Hrashva Roman
or Rohidashva
Vyoman, Vasumanas
Jimūta
Bhanu or Ban-kirti
Satya-brata
Harish-candra II
Harita or Rohit-ashwa II
Cuncu or Dhundu
Vijaya
B'aruka or Ruruki
Vri-Taka or Dhri-Taka
Pra-Cinvat, B'arad-Vaja, Bahū or Bahuka or
Puru II
36a Zaggisi or Saggisi 2750–2726 BCE -
37 Guni, Shar-Guni, Kin or Sargon Sargon's Dynasty
2725–2671 BCE
Kuni Sha-Kuni or Sagara
37a Mush Uru 2670–2656 BCE -
38 Man-ishtishu or Menes First Egyptian Dynasty
2655–2641 BCE
Son of Sargon, Asa-Manja, Manasyu
39 Naram-sin 2640–2585 BCE Grandson of Sargon, Anjana, Ansu-mat or Karamba
40 Shar-kali-sharri 2584–2561 BCE Son of Naram-sin, Kunti-jit, Khatawanga, Dilīppa
- Irgigi, Nigigi, Imi, Nanum, Iama (in inter-regnum) four kings 2560-2558 BCE Bhagi-ratha
41 Dudu 2557-2537 BCE Dhundu
42 Shūdur-kib 2536-2522 BCE Suhotra II, Shruta Shrutāyas
43 Uru-Nigin (? Nikin Uru of seal WSC. 390 2nd Erech Dynasty
2521-2519 BCE
Nabhin, Nābhāga
44 Urish-Ginar 2518-2513 BCE Harish-Candra or Ambarisha
44a Tardu (or Kudda) 2512-2507 BCE (?) RathiTara "great-grandson of Ambarūshu"
45 Ba-Sha-nini (or -ama) 2506-2502 BCE Sindhu-dhipa, Sanjaya
Uru-ash (or -an) -uta 2501-2494 BCE -
46 Guti occupation without kings Guti Dynasty
2493-2452 BCE
Kusha Dynasty
Ayunāyus (or ? Duthaliyas, k. of Khatti)
47 Muruta 2451-2449 BCE Mūrtaya
In Kishu or Gishu 2448-2443 BCE Kusha
Irilla Tax (or Warla Gaba) 2442-2437 BCE -
Dug-me or Ug-me 2436-2431 BCE -
48 Eamamesh (or Kashushamama) 2430-2425 BCE Kushāmba or Sarva-Kāma
Inima Bakies, Baesses, Bakus or Basam 2424-2420 BCE Basu II or Bhaji
Iziaush 2419-2414 BCE -
49 Iārla Tax or Dax 2413-2399 BCE Su Dāsa II
Ibate 2398-2396 BCE
Iārla Gash or Kashushamama (2nd term) 2395-2393 BCE Kushāmba (2nd term)
Basium, Basam or Bakus (2nd term) 2392- BCE Basu II or Bhaji (2nd term)
Nikīm or Nigin 2391-2389 BCE -
Lasi-rubum or La-Sirab 2388-2387 BCE Sarva-bhauma
Irarum 2386-2385 BCE -
Darranūm 2384- BCE -
50 Khāblum or Khab-Kalamu 2383-2382 BCE Kalmāshu-pāda
Suratāsh Sin or Sarati Gubi Sin 2381-2375 BCE Sruta, Upa-Gupta
Guda, Iārla Guashda or Gudia 2374-2368 BCE Gādhi
En-Ridi-Pizir, Pisha Ruddu 2367-2361 BCE Vishva-Ratha (son of Gādhi)
Tiri-gan 2360- BCE Trishanku
51 Ashukhamukh or Utukhe-gal 3rd Erech Dynasty
2360-2353 BCE
Ashmaka
52 Uruash-Zikim Third Dynasty of Ur
2352-2335 BCE
Uru-Ricika Mūlaka
Dungi or Duk-gin (Shamu-) 2334-2277 BCE Dagni or Dagni-Jama
Purash-Sin ("Bur-Sin" 2276-2268 BCE Parashu-Rāma (and his massacre) Dasharatha or (?)
53 Suash-Sin ("Gimil-Sin") 2267-2259 BCE Shata-ratha or Sushena Shata-ratha
54 Il-Ibil-Sin 2258-2233 BCE Il-Ibila or Ilivila
55 Ishbi-Ashuurra Isin Dynasty
2332-2200 BCE
Vishva-saha
56 Katini-Kat (or Shu-Lilishu 2199-2190 BCE Khatvanga or Dilipa
57 Itiash-Dakhu 2189-2169 BCE Dirga-bahu
58 Ishshibash-Dakhu 2163-2149 BCE Raghu
59 Libiash Ugun 2148-2138 BCE Aja
60 Dashashi-urash, Muru 2137-2110 BCE Dasha-ratha
61 Amar-Sin, ("Bur-Sin II") 2109-2089 BCE Rama or Rama-Chandra
62 Libi (Insakh) 2088-2084 BCE Lava and Kusha
Ashurra Iwiti or Urra Iwiti 2083-2076 BCE -
63 Insakh-bani 2075-2052 BCE Atithi or Suhotra IV
64 Zāmbi (3) Tenirpisha (4) Urdukuga, Sin Mapish (II) 2051- BCE Nishadha
65 Damiq-ilushu -2007 BCE Nala
66 Anuha-Mubalit ("Sin Muballit" (20, of which four as emperor) First Babylonian Dynasty
as emperors
2023-2004 BCE
Nabha or Nabhas
67 Khammu-Rabi or "Great Lotus" 2003-1961 BCE Pundarika or "Great Lotus"
68 Sāmsui-Uduna 1960-1923 BCE Kshema-Dhanvan
69 Abieshu'a 1922-1895 BCE Devānīka
70 Ammi-Satana or Ammi-Ditana 1894-1858 BCE Ruru or (?) Suto-rusta
71 Ammi-Saraga or Ammi-Suduga 1857-1837 BCE Ahi-nagu
72 Sāmsu-Satana 1836-1806 BCE Sudhanvan ofr Pariyatra
73 Sakhari-Bal Sea-Land Dynasty
1805-1791 BCE
Sahasra-Bala or Bala (with separate line)
74 Xatal ("Gandash") Kassite Dynasty
1790-1775 BCE
Sthala or Gaya
75 Agu-um 1774-1753 BCE Auka or Uktha
76 Bisuiru ("Kashtiliash") 1752-1745 BCE Vajra-nābha
77 Ushigu 1744-1737 BCE Shankha
78 Abisuttash 1736- BCE Ab'Yutthit-ashva or Dhyushit-ashva

Waddell's correllations have not been generally accepted or well regarded, in part due to his use of the word Aryan. Conventional lists separate Sargon from Menes by around five hundred years. Gabriel Moshenka however mentions that some elements of his work "while unquestionably esoteric, were not so far from the academic mainstream as we might now suppose".[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Duncan Macnaughton (1932). A scheme of Egyptian chronology. Luzac & Co. Retrieved 27 October 2012. 
  2. ^ a b Christine Preston (30 September 2009). The Rise of Man in the Gardens of Sumeria: A Biography of L.A. Waddell. Sussex Academic Press. pp. 139–. ISBN 978-1-84519-315-7. Retrieved 27 October 2012. 
  3. ^ Vincent A. Smith (1 January 1999). The Early History of India. Atlantic Publishers & Dist. pp. 359–. ISBN 978-81-7156-618-1. Retrieved 27 October 2012. 
  4. ^ John R. Maier (1997). Gilgamesh: A Reader. Bolchazy-Carducci Publishers. pp. 161–. ISBN 978-0-86516-339-3. Retrieved 27 October 2012. 
  5. ^ L. A. Waddell (1 March 2003). Egyptian Civilization Its Sumerian Origin and Real Chronology. Kessinger Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7661-4273-2. Retrieved 24 October 2012. 
  6. ^ Moshenka, Gabriel., 'At Variance With Both General and Expert Opinion': The Later Works of Lieutenant-Colonel Professor Laurence Austine Waddell, Bulletin of the History of Archaeology, UCL Institute of Archaeology, 2010. (Archived at WebCite)

External links[edit]