Wadi Al-Batin

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Hafar Al Batin

Wadi Al-Batin (وادي الباطن) is an intermittent river in Saudi Arabia and Kuwait. It is the lowest and final section of Wadi al-Rummah. It runs 45 miles (75 km) in a northeast-southwest direction through the Al-Dibdibah plain and has been recognized since 1913 as the boundary between western Kuwait and Iraq.[1]

The now non active alluvial fan, extends northeastward from Hafar Al-Batin in Saudi Arabia to cover parts of Kuwait and southwestern Iraq. This alluvial fan may have formed the Al-Dibdibah gravel plain.[2]

At the river bend ʿAuǧat al-Bāṭin (عوجة الباطن) is the tripoint of Saudi-Arabia, Iraq and Kuwait. This was the eastern border point of the Saudi Arabian–Iraqi neutral zone that was divided between the adjoining countries in 1981.

The wadi was the site of the Battle of Wadi Al-Batin in 1991. Some evangelical Christians believe the wadi to be the biblical Pishon River.[3]


  1. ^ Wadi Al-Bāṭin.
  2. ^ Al-Sulaimi, Jawad S.; Pitty, A.F. (1995). "Origin and depositional model of Wadi Al-Batin and its associated alluvial fan, Saudi Arabia and Kuwait". Sedimentary Geology. 97 (3–4): 203–229. doi:10.1016/0037-0738(95)00011-V.
  3. ^ Carol A. Hill,The Garden of Eden:A Modern Landscape.

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Coordinates: 29°06′05″N 46°33′19″E / 29.10139°N 46.55528°E / 29.10139; 46.55528 (ʿAuǧat al-Bāṭin)