Wadi Feynan

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Wadi Feynan or Wadi Faynan (Arabic: وادي فينان‎) is a major wadi (seasonal river valley) and region in southern Jordan, on the border between Tafilah Governorate and Aqaba and Ma'an Governorates. It originates in the southern Jordanian highlands with the confluence of Wadi Dana and Wadi Ghuweyr, and drains into the Dead Sea via Wadi Araba.

Historically, the area had the largest copper deposits in the Southern Levant, which were intensively exploited from the Chalcolithic (4500–3100 BCE) through to the Mamluk period (1250–1516 CE).[1][2] It also has a number of significant early prehistoric sites.[3][4][5]

Part of the wadi is included in the Dana Biosphere Reserve. The Royal Society for the Conservation of Nature (RSCN) opened the first of its eco hotels, the Feynan Ecolodge, there in 2005.[6][7]

Archaeological sites[edit]


  1. ^ "Wadi Faynan, Copper Mine". World Archaeology (13). 2005-09-07. Retrieved 2017-01-09.
  2. ^ Novo, Alexandre; Vincent, Matthew L.; Levy, Thomas E. (2012-08-29). "Geophysical Surveys at Khirbat Faynan, an Ancient Mound Site in Southern Jordan". International Journal of Geophysics. 2012: 1–8. doi:10.1155/2012/432823. ISSN 1687-885X.
  3. ^ Finlayson, Bill; Mithen, Steven; Carruthers, Denise; Kennedy, Amanda; Pirie, Anne; Tipping, Richard (2000-01-01). "The Dana-Faynan-Ghuwayr Early Prehistory Project". Levant. 32 (1): 1–26. doi:10.1179/lev.2000.32.1.1. ISSN 0075-8914.
  4. ^ Finlayson, Bill; Mithen, Steven, eds. (2007-01-01). The Early Prehistory of Wadi Faynan, Southern Jordan: Archaeological Survey of Wadis Faynan, Ghuwayr and Al Bustan and Evaluation of the Pre-Pottery Neolithic A Site of WF16. 4. Oxbow Books. ISBN 9781842172124. JSTOR j.ctt1cd0nbr.
  5. ^ "New excavations at WF16, a Pre-Pottery Neolithic A site in southern Jordan". Antiquity. Retrieved 2017-01-09.
  6. ^ "Feynan Ecolodge". EcoHotels. 2013-05-11. Retrieved 2017-01-09.
  7. ^ Costas, Chris; Siber, Kate (November 2008). "Top Ecolodges: Desert". National Geographic Adventure. National Geographic Society. Retrieved 2017-01-09.