Waggag ibn Zallu al-Lamti
Waggag Ibn Zallu al-Lamti (Berber languages: ⵓⵡⴰⴳⴳⴰⴳ ⵓ ⵣⵍⵍⵓ ⴰⵍⵎⵟⵉ;Arabic: وجاج بن زلو اللمطي) (died 11th-century in Aglu near Tiznit, Morocco) was a Moroccan Maliki scholar and jurist who lived in the 11th-century. He was a disciple of Abu Imran al-Fasi and belonged to the Lamta clan, which is a Sanhaja-Berber tribe. Waggag had an eminent role in the rise of the Almoravid Dynasty as he was the religious teacher and spiritual leader of Abdallah ibn Yasin, the founder of the dynasty.
He was a native of the Sous region and traveled to Al Qayrawan, where he studied under Abu Imran al-Fasi. He then went to the Sous where he founded a Ribat in the village of Aglu (located near present-day Tiznit) named Ribat al-Murabitin where he took disciples and taught the Maliki doctrine.
After receiving a letter for his former teacher Abu Imran al-Fasi asking him to help teach religion to the southern Sanhaja Saharan tribes, he chose Abdallah ibn Yasin, to accompany the Gudala leader Yahya ibn Ibrahim to the Sahara. Waggag Ibn Zallu then became the spiritual guide of the Almoravid's first leader.
In relation to the Almoravid movement, some historical chronicles (e.g. al-Bakri, Ibn Abi Zar, Qadi Ayyad) give him credit in asking Abdallah ibn Yassin to fight those who disobeyed him and then commanded him to advance north to take Sijilmasa which transformed the Almoravid religious movement into a military one with much greater ambitions. It was also reported that after the death of Abdallah Ibn Yasin, only the disciples of Waggag Ibn Zallu were eligible to be appointed as religious authoritative leaders.
A hagiography of Waggag Ibn Zallu was written by Ibn al-Zayyat al-Tadili. He is buried at the Dar al-Murabitin Ribat in Aglu a village near Tiznit, Morocco where his grave became a shrine known as "Sidi Waggag".
Transliteration of the name
Various transliteration of the name exist such as Wajjaj Ibn Zelu or Wajaj Ibn Zelwa. This is due to the fact that there is no letter for the G sound in Arabic so the name was alternately written with a "ج" (j) or a "ك" (k). The "u" vowel sound is written with a "و" which can also be read as a "w" sound.
- Ibn Khaldun, Abderahman (1377). تاريخ ابن خلدون: ديوان المبتدأ و الخبر في تاريخ العرب و البربر و من عاصرهم من ذوي الشأن الأكبر [The history of Ibn Khaldun: Record of the Beginnings and Events in the History of the Arabs and Berbers and their Powerful Contemporaries]. 6. دار الفكر.
- Ibn Abi Zar al-Fassi, Ali Abu al-Hassan (1326). روض القرطاس في أخبار ملوك المغرب و تاريخ مدينة فاس [The Garden of Pages in the Chronicles of the Kings of Morocco and the History of the City of Fes]. Uppsala University.
- al-Bakri (1068). كتاب المسالك و الممالك [Book of the Roads and the Kingdoms]. دار الكتاب الإسلامي, القاهرة.
- Ibn Idhari al-Murakushi, Ahmad (1312). البيان المغرب في أخبار الأندلس والمغرب [Book of the Amazing Story in the Chronicles of the Kings of al-Andalus and Morocco]. جامعة الملك سعود.