Wagon tragedy

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Wagon tragedy
Wagon massacre
Part of Moplah revolt and Moplah riots
Wagon Tragedy Memorial, Tirur.jpg
Wagon Tragedy Memorial at Tirur
Location Railroad from Tirur to Podanur Junction, British India
Target Moplah rebels
Attack type
Deaths 67
Perpetrators British India Colonial Security forces
Defenders None

The wagon tragedy was the death of 67[1] prisoners on 20 November 1921 in the Malabar region of Kerala state of India. The prisoners had been taken into custody following Mappila Rebellion against British Colonial rule and Hindu landlords. Their deaths through apparent negligence discredited the British Raj and generated sympathy for the Indian independence movement.

In order to attract more Muslim support to the Indian National Movement, Mahatma Gandhi and the national leaders of India initially supported the Khilafat movement and merged it to the famous Non Co-operation Movement. This succeeded in bringing almost all sections of Indians under one flag for a Pan-Indian movement for the first time. The southern Malabar district welcomed this movement in a great spirit. However, in Eranad and Walluvanad taluks it took the form of an armed rebellion by the Muslim Mappila community, who were largely tenants being exploited by British and their supporters high caste Hindu landlords.After a series of events that culminated in violent clashes between police and protesters, martial law was introduced and the rebellion was mostly crushed.

On 10 November 1921, when the uprising was near its end, almost 90 detained Muslim rebels were sent by train from Tirur to the Central Prison in Podanur (near Coimbatore district). They were bundled into a freight wagon and the train set off. Pothanur jail was found to be full to maximum capacity, so orders were given to take the prisoners back. During the return journey, 67 of the 90 rebels suffocated to death in the closed iron wagon. Historian Sumit Sarkar referred to it as the "Black Hole of Podanur". A monument to this notorious tragedy can be seen at Tirur. [2]

When you consider months of torture, the horrific incident of Wagon Tragedy of November 19–20 will seem trivial.

M. Gangadharan, historian

Nobody then had even thought of Wagon Tragedy in Malabar as something politically significant in all-India level.

EMS Namboothirippad, Marxist ideologue

Wagon Tragedy Martyers and Places[edit]

Mambad Amsam[edit]

  1. Illikkal Idru

Thrikkalangode Amasam[edit]

  1. Puthiyarakkal Koya
  2. Kuttithodi Koyakkutty
  3. Kunnappally Achuthan Nair
  4. Unnippurayan
  5. Cholakkapparambil Chetty Pichu
  6. Meledath Sankaran Nair

Payyanad Amsam[edit]

  1. Pulakkat Thodi Moideen

Malappuram Amsam[edit]

  1. Mankarathodi Thalappil Idru
  2. Mankarathodi Moideen Haji
  3. Vallikkappatta Mohammed
  4. Peruvankuzhy Kutty Hassan
  5. Peruvankuzhy Meeran

Melmuri Amsam[edit]

  1. Parachottil Ahammed Kutty Musliar

Porur Amsam[edit]

  1. Madurakkariyan Kathli
  2. Arikkuzhiyan Seithali

Punnappala Amsam[edit]

  1. Manikattavan Unni Moideen
  2. Keenathodi Muhammed
  3. Moozhikkal Athan
  4. Kappakkunnu Ahmed
  5. Kappakkunnu Mootha
  6. Kappakkunnu Abdulla
  7. Kappakkunnu Cheriya Unnimeyi
  8. Kappakkunnu Kunjali
  9. Manikettavan Pokkaru Kutty
  10. Polakkad Idruman
  11. Kappakkunnu Valiya Unneen Haji

Nilambur Amsam[edit]

  1. Asarithoppiyitta Ahmed
  2. Chakiripparamban Alavi

Kuruvambalam Amsam[edit]

  1. Vayalpalayi Meeran
  2. Ponakkattu Marakkaru
  3. Vadakkeppattu Kunju Muhammed
  4. Orakkottil Enadhi
  5. Kureethodi Yousuf
  6. Puthan Veedu Kunjahammed
  7. Kallethodi Ahmed
  8. Peringodan Abdu
  9. Cheeran Puthur Kunjayamu
  10. Athanikkal Moideen Haji
  11. Nallan Kinattingal Muhammed
  12. Parayan Palliyalil Kunjayamu
  13. Panagodan Thodi Muhammed
  14. Punayan Palliyalil Seithali
  15. Madathil Ahmed Kutty
  16. Kongat Moideen
  17. Peringodan Khadar
  18. Korakkottil Ahmed
  19. Kolakkandathil Moideen Kutty
  20. Koottappilakkal Koyama
  21. Appamkandan Ayamootti
  22. Poolakkal Nodika Kunjayamu
  23. Erasseni Palliyalil Aali
  24. Kongot Cheriyan Moideen
  25. Tharakkuzhiyil Eni
  26. Melethiyel Kunjalavi
  27. Valayilthod Kunjayan
  28. Mankavil Koomath Ahmed
  29. Thekketh Alavi
  30. Melethil Valiya Moideen Kutty
  31. Melethil Cheriya Moideen Kutty
  32. Kollithodi Korakkottil Avaran Kutty
  33. Koripparambath Idruman
  34. Puthanpeedikkal Meeran
  35. Perumbali Kunju Moideen

Chemmalassery Amsam[edit]

  1. Erukkuparambu Seithali
  2. Thattan Thoppiyitta Ahmed
  3. Thekkethil Moideen
  4. Thazhathil Kutty Hassan
  5. Thekkethil Moideen
  6. Veluthangodan Kunjayamu


  1. ^ Panikkar, K. N., Against Lord and State: Religion and Peasant Uprisings in Malabar 1836-1921
  2. ^ "It was a wagon massacre, not tragedy!" The Asian Age daily, Nov 21, 2011
  • Dr. Sivadasan P., Wagon Tragedy: Kanalvazhiyile Koottakuruthi, National Book Stall, Kottayam, 2011 (ISBN 9788192282206)

External links[edit]